Pavonia zeylonica (L.) Cav., Diss. 3: 134 1787. (Syn: Cancellaria zeylonica (L.) MatteiDiplopenta odorata (Willd.) Alef. ; Diplopenta pedunculosa Alef. ; Hibiscus arenarius Scop. ; Hibiscus odoratus (Willd.) Roxb. ex Wight & Arn. ; Hibiscus zeylonicus L.; Malache odorata (Willd.) Kuntze ; Malache zeylonica (L.) Kuntze; Parita zeylonicus (L.) Scop.; Pavonia digitata Hochst. ex Chiov. ; Pavonia odorata Willd. ; Pavonia paolii Mattei ; Pavonia rulingioides Ulbr. ; Pavonia zeylonica var. viscosa Mattei
Indian Subcontinent to W. Indo-China: Andaman Is., Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand as per POWO;
India; In arid areas and dry deciduous forests up to 600 m. Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Orissa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala; Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Arabia, Maurtitius and Africa as per BSI Flora of India;
Common name: Ceylon Swamp Mallow • Tamil: Sevagan, Mammatti, Sittamutti • Telugu: Peramutti, Karubenda • Kannada: Topala, Balarakshasi, Antutogari
Fragrant Swamp Mallow, Pavonia, Fragrant Pavonia • Hindi: सुगंधबाला Sugandhabala • Marathi: सुगंधबाला Sugandhabala, Kalavala • Tamil: Peramutti, Avibattam • Malayalam: Iruveli, Kuruntotti • Telugu: Chittibenda, Ettakuti • Kannada: Balarakshi gida • Gujarati: Kalowalo • Sanskrit: Udichya, Varinamaka, ह्रिबेरा Hribera, Valaka; (For (Pavonia odorata Willd.)


Pavonia zeylanica? : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (3)
On 20/9/08 in Hyderabad, AP. I hope the Id is correct.
Here is a link for Synonyms & specimen etc.:

I think appears closer to images at Pavonia zeylanica (L.) Cav.


Flora of Kaiga_ID_Please_13112011 PJ3:
Date/Time-:25/10/11 – 08:30

Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb

Height/Length- 1m

This is Pavonia zeylanica (“…leaves more or less deeply lobed or pinnatifid“: FPM)



Pavonia zeylanica from Sri Venkatesera College Tirupati:
Pavonia zeylanica from Sri Venkatesera College Tirupati

In campus of Sri Venketswera College/University Tirupati

I am more interested in those very “geographical shaped” leaves… and pink is a nice color…
most of the Pavonias I have seen are from south america, and bright red or very deep pink…
not seen such delicate pink…


ID28102013PHK 1:  Attachments (2). 5 posts by 4 authors.

Id please
A herb at Hampi, Karnataka
05 Oct,2013

Looks like Pavonia sp

Looks like Pavonia zeylanica. But check


ID Request 091014SG : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3).
Please help identify this shrub 3-4ft, stem sticky and hairy.
Photo taken on 9Oct14 at Mohol, Maharashtra.

I think, this is Hibiscus syriacus

It seems Pavonia zeylanica

Not Hibiscus syriacus, Pavonia zeylanica I think yes

Clicked this small shrub in the Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park, Jodhpur, RJ in March 2018.
Is this some Hibiscus?
Requested to please provide ID.

I think Pavonia zeylanica..

Thanks again so much … for ID. I was thinking it was some Hibiscus.

29112019EPT35 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)- around 500 kb each.
Location : Chennai outskirts
Date :15.11.2019
Elevation : 33 mts.
Habitat :   isolated roadside among grass 
Habit : herbaceous

Pavonia zeylanica, Malvaceae,

Pavonia subsp? : 5 posts by 3 authors. 4 images- 1 mb each.
Plant ID assistance: spotted in Aravalli Biodiversity Park, Gurgaon

Pavonia zeylanica ??

Thanks, …, for the id.
Yes, appears close to Pavonia zeylanica (L.) Cav. as per comparative images at Pavonia


Pavonia zeylanica? – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
On 17/8/08 in Talakona forest, AP.

Your plant does not seem to be Pavonia because it should have had 10 style-arms. Though the number of style-arms in the picture can not be counted clearly, they appear to be 5. That means it may be Hibiscus. I am not able to place the species. You will have to refer to the state flora. The number of carpels will help to identify the species

I think it is Pavonia.

Can it be Pavonia odorata as per the link?:

In view of this Indiantreepix thread, I think these pictures are of Pavonia odorata.
Pl. validate


Pic from Thiruvannamalai -For Id 01 – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 4 posts by 3 authors.
Request Id of the attached picture of taken on 01-10-2008 at Thiruvannamalai hill on the way to Skanda Ashram, in Chennai, India.
These were pretty amazing….beautiful white flowers.. wither away to become caged seeds.. waiting to get released.. to grow…

It is Hibiscus hirtusa
Local Marathi name: Dupari Lesser white mallow

The plant seems to be a Malvaceae member. Its scientific name is Pavonia odorata Willd.
In Tamil it is  known as Peramutti and sugandhabala in hindi..

Looks as if it belong to Malvaceae. Abutilon species?
Place: Thurinjikuppam, Tamil Nadu State
Altitude: 170 metres above sea level
Date: 12/10/2011
Habitat: wild
Habit: herb/creeper
Approximate size/height: 15 to 20 cm
Leaf size: 4-5 cm
Flower Diameter: 2 cm
Flower Colour: White

A wild Guess Pavonia sp may be Pavonia odorata

This is Pavonia odorata, Malvaceae



Nagamalai 210713 TBN 1 for id : Attachments (3). 6 posts by 4 authors.

Please identify this plant details of which are as follows:
Date :14.10.12                                                              
Location :Nagamalai hills, 20 km west of Madurai
Altitude :500 to 700 ft
Habitat :wild
Habit :shrub
Height :2 to 3 ft
Leaves 😕 palmately lobed/ trifoliate; hairy
Flowers :whitish mauve regular; buds pinkish
Fruits :,not seen

Looks like some Malvaceae sp.
Reminds me of some what similar looking flower of Hibiscus hirtus..

Please also check it for Pavonia odorata.

I will go with … ID. Pavonia odorata.

Herb for ID : 23102013 : RV 2 : Attachments (3). 7 posts by 4 authors.
Please help me to id this small herb flowering profusely every where in wild near Hampi, Karnataka. Picture taken on 15th Oct,13

This is hibiscus hirtus of Malvaceae

I think this is Pavonia odorata (

I also think it could be Pavonia odorata. I had sent a similar looking plants photo on 21st July 2013 and it was identified as Pavonia odorata by …

Oh thanks for rectifying it thanks …  for this id


Malvaceae Fortnight: Pavonia zeylanica from Coimbatore BRS JULY 11/11 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4)
Sharing the images of Pavonia zeylanica from Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.

I think more closer to with Pavonia odorata Willd. as per images herein and as per Malvaceae of Southern Peninsular India: A Taxonomic Monograph By V. V. Sivarajan, A. K. Pradeep (1996))


Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id.request.
Location: NBNP, Anaikatti, Coimbatore
Date: 01.12.2011
Habitat: Wild
Habit: Shrub.

Good set of photographs.
It would be interesting to keep a watch on replies.
Pavonina species?

This could be Pavonia zeylanica

I think more closer to with Pavonia odorata Willd. as per images herein and as per Malvaceae of Southern Peninsular India: A Taxonomic Monograph By V. V. Sivarajan, A. K. Pradeep (1996))

I think more closer to with Pavonia odorata Willd. as per images herein and as per Malvaceae of Southern Peninsular India: A Taxonomic Monograph By V. V. Sivarajan, A. K. Pradeep (1996))


Pavonia zeylanica? – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (4)
On 16/8/08 in Talakona forest, AP. This plant appears to be a bit different w.r.t. the leaves shape & possibly in number of stamens, from my earlier posting (which … stated to be some different species) at: efi thread.

I think more closer to with Pavonia odorata Willd. as per images herein and as per Malvaceae of Southern Peninsular India: A Taxonomic Monograph By V. V. Sivarajan, A. K. Pradeep (1996))


26082017BHAR3 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)- 2 Mb and more.
Found near Vandalur forest. Chennai

This could be Pavonia odorata.
Pavonia odorata Willd
It still lingers in small pockets on the outskirts of metros like Bangalore , though one has to travel further to find it. But when one does, its thrilling. The delicate pink flower with translucent petals and fine mesh of bracts on the buds lights up the landscape.
The green bug was a bonus, I saw it only in the picture.
I dont kow the name of the bug, and what its eating ( if you do, please tell me.). But for me it completes this picture of nature, beautiful, bountiful, an essential part of our very humanity.

Thanks, …, It once stole my heart too & took long time to get the proper id.

Thanks for sharing the wonderful crisp petalled Malvaceae member as your picture of 2012. I have added it to Flora picture 2012.

Undershrub 1 m tall, leaves 3-5 cm, orbicular, lobed. Flowers solitary axillary, epicalyx 10-12. From dry area near Belgaum.

Beautiful. The styles and stigma appear to be the optic fibers.

its common weed in Chandrapur, Nagpur


Malvaceae week – Pavonia odorata? – 100911 – RK1:
Is this Fragrant Swamp MallowPavonia odorata? Pic taken in Bangalore outskirts on 27-06-2010 at 10.30am

Nice picture. This could be of Pavonia zeylanica.

I think it is Pavonia odorata. In Pavonia zeylanica the leaves are deeply lobed.

Thanks …, you must be right. I also had doubt, but to me the mericarps appear to be winged (not very clear though). The leaves are said to be (FoC) variable….upper shallowly lobed, lower leaves (which is not covered in the pictures) deeply lobed. So, if … can tell us whether the fruits winged (P. z.) or not (P. o.), the id can be resolved.

All  I am sorry but i do not have any other pic of this flower or pics of fruit.


for id AJV 300908 – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Please help to identify this wildflower. It is commonly found growing by the roadside in the university campus. Taken in Gachibowli, Hyderabad. Also, are the three-lobed leaves characteristic of any particular family?

I think it’s the same plant I posted earlier & available at Indiantreepix link: efi thread & yet to be identified.

One of the Malvaceae members (Pavonia species?).

I think more closer to with Pavonia odorata Willd. as per images herein and as per Malvaceae of Southern Peninsular India: A Taxonomic Monograph By V. V. Sivarajan, A. K. Pradeep (1996))

Pavonia odorata : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Pavonia odorata hopefully,
This was seen growing on the road that passes thru Chinnar WLS, Kerala.
Chinnar straddles the Nilgiris and falls in the rain shadow area of the Western Ghats

For me the ID is correct.

25122019EPT49 : 5 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3)- around 600 kb each.
presenting for ID Pavonia sp ?
Location : Chennai outskirts
Date :15.11.2019
Elevation : 33 mts.
Habitat : Among wayside bushes

Hibiscus micranthus L.f.  ??

Second image suggests Pavonia zeylanica.

All images belonging to Pavonia only. Resembles P.odorata to me because of slight leaf lobes.

Yes. it is P.odorata


Malvaceae: Pavonia leptocalyx (Sond.) Ulbr.: 1 image.
synonyms: Pavonia odorata Willd., Hibiscus morifolius Roxb. ex Wight & Arn., Pavonia rosea Wall.
location/date: University of Agricultural Sciences campus, Bangalore, July 1997

Yes, it is Pavonia odorata Willd., but now treated as a syn. of Pavonia zeylonica (L.) Cav. as per POWO and Catalogue of Life.
Pavonia leptocalyx (Sond.) Ulbr. is a different plant as per POWO with no distribution in our area.
Also see



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