Heyneatrijuga Roxb. ex Sims, Bot. Mag. 42: t. 1738 1815. (Syn: Ailantopsis poilanei Gagnep.; Azadirachta integerrima M. Roem.; Heynea affinis A. Juss.; Heynea connaroides (Wight & Arn.) Wight ex Voigt; Heynea fruticosa Teijsm. & Binn.; Heynea pubescens Hook. fil.; Heynea quinquejuga A. Juss. (ambiguous synonym); Heynea quinquejuga Roxb. (ambiguous synonym); Heynea quinquejuga Roxb. ex G. Don (ambiguous synonym); Heynea sumatrana Miq.; Heynea trijuga var. bijuga C. DC. …..; Melia integerrima Buch.-Ham.; Picroderma laotica Gagnep.; Scutinanthe engleri Elmer; Trichilia connaroides (Wight & Arn.) Bentv.; Trichilia rimosa Blanco ; Walsura intermedia Craib; Walsura pallida Craib; Walsura perrottetii C. DC.; Walsura pubescens Kurz; Walsura punctata Suesseng.; Walsura quinquejuga Kurz ; Walsura sumatrana (Miq.) Harms ex Koord.; Walsura trijuga (Roxb. ex Sims) Kurz; Zanthoxylum connaroides Wight & Arn.);
Common name: Indian Heynea • Assamese: thengare-arong • Kannada: kora, limbara, linabira • Malayalam: korakadi, korakkadi, kurukkati • Marathi: limbara, tusal • Nepali: आँखा तरुवा Aankha taruwa, komal-siuli • Tamil: centanai, centarai, karai, karaivilanku • Nepali: आँखातरुवा Aankhaa Taruwa, सिंगमूर Singamur, कोमल सिउली Komal Siuli, आँख तारे Aankh Taare
Peninsular and N.E. India: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, W. Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala; Nepal, Myanmar and Bhutan as per BSI flora of India;
China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan), Java, peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Penang, Terengganu, Perak, Pahang, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan), Nicobar Isl., Borneo, Philippines (Luzon, Basilan, Mindanao), Sumatra, India (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sikkim, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Mandalay, Yangon), Sri Lanka (introduced), Thailand, Vietnam, Laos as per Catalogue of Life;
Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), N. India, Burma, east to China, Malaysia as per Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal;

Trees, to 15 m high; bark 12 mm thick, reddish-brown or ash coloured, rough, warty; outer bark reddish, inner yellow; branchlets reddish, lenticellate. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, swollen at base, glabrous; leaflets 5-11, opposite, estipellate; petiolule 7-17 mm, slender, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 5-15 x 2.5-7 cm, ovate, ovate-oblong or ovate-lanceolate, base oblique, apex acuminate or shortly caudate-acuminate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, glaucous beneath; lateral nerves 7-10 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 6-8 mm across, white, in axillary corymbose panicles; pedicel articulated; calyx lobes 5, ovate, pubescent, imbricate; petals 5, 3-4 x 1 mm, oblong, margin ciliolate; staminal tube deeply 10-lobed, pubescent; lobes 2-fid; stamens 10, anthers attached between the 2-fid lobes; disc annular, fleshy; ovary superior, globose, glabrous, 2-celled, ovules 2 per cell; style slightly obconic; stigma capitate, 2-dentate. Fruit a capsule, globose, bright red, pointed, 2 valved; seed one, yellowish-brown, surrounded by a white fleshy aril. 

Flowering and fruiting: March-September
Evergreen, semi-evergreen and shola forests

I saw this tall tree of about 15 metres in Valparai area of western ghats.
I cannot take proper picture and have no idea of this Genus. Please help me to identify this tree.
The fruits are about 2cm across. Any possibilities for this to be a Meliaceae?
Location: Estate road-side
Place: Vaalparai, TN
Alt.: 950 m asl
Date: 12 July 2012
Vaalparai has more species reported from Kerala and it is the wettest part of Tamil Nadu.

Please check with Trichilia connaroides (Wight & Arn.) Bentv. of Meliaceae

Many thanks … for the identification.
More details and pictures on http://www.biotik.org/india/species/tricconn_en.html

Meliaceae sp for ID- 19022014- PKA-Feb45 :  4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)

Meliaceae sp. from Village Mahal (Chikmagalur region, Karnataka).
Date/Time: 27-01-2014 / 11:00AM
Habitat: Looks like cultivated
Plant habit: Tree

If its native it could be Trichelia connaroides

Thanks … I too was thinking in the same direction.. It does look like T. connaroides..


along Karnataka State Highway No. 34near Anshi
Date: 21 FEB 2012 … Altitude: about 560 m asl
Heynea trijuga Roxb. ex Sims  (family: Meliaceae)

Very beautiful indeed…


Heynea trijuga Roxb. (accepted name) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Location: Nuwakot , Nepal
Altitude:  3200 ft.
Date: 25 April 2015
Heynea trijuga Roxb. (accepted name)
Trichilia connaroides (Wight & Arn.) Bentvelzen (synonym)
Nepali Names:  आँखातरुवा Aankhaa Taruwa / सिंगमूर Singamur / कोमल सिउली Komal Siuli / आँख तारे Aankh Taare

Bhagamandala – Thalacauvery Road Karnataka
Date: 22 FEB 2017 … Altitude range: ~ 907 – 1122 m (2976 – 3683 ft) asl
Walsura trifoliolata (A.Juss.) Harms … (family: Meliaceae)

The posted plant is incorrectly identified by me.
One of my friend pointed out that the posted plant is Trichilia connaroides,

Madikeri Coorg, Karnataka
Date: 23 FEB 2017 … Average elevation: ~ 1117 m (3667 ft) asl
Trichilia connaroides (Wight & Arn.) Bentv. … (family: Meliaceae)


SK782 08 OCT-2017:ID : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)
Location :  Thula Khet, Pokhara, Nepal
Date : 10 August 2017
Altitude : 2800 ft.

Any idea about the family?

Heynea trijuga Roxb. ex Sims  ??
Syn: Trichilia connaroides (Wight & Arn.) Bentv.   ??

Thanks, … To me also appear close as per images at Heynea trijuga & Biotik


Re: Tree no 1 from Wayanad : 8 posts by 6 authors. 5 images.
I request to identify

Anacardiaceae, Seems like Spondia could be pinnata,

Trichilia connaroides?

Other recipients:
I also think it is Trichilia connaroides regards Radha
I also think it is Trichilia connaroides

Trichilia connaroides- Meliaceae


Trichilia connaroides : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)- around 1100 kb each.
Found in Pudur Naadu, Jawadhu hills of Eastern ghats TN.

SK410 08MAR-2017:ID : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Location: Chhaimale, Nepal
Date : 10 August 2013
Altitude : 5300 ft.

Trichelia connaroides

Heynea trijuga Roxb. ex Sims. Thank you …

For ID 02102016KSB : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Date/Time- 01-10-2016Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Sakleshpura Hassan Dist
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild in Western Ghats
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-Tree
Height/Length- Tall

In the absence of  details of flowers, it is difficult to identify the species.  Any how my guess is ‘it looks like a fruit of Anacardiaceae’. Any Spondias species ?     

Thanks, As images are forwarded ID by some one else i do not have flower photos.

Trichilia connaroides


423 ID wild tree: 27 high res. images.
Please ID wild tree,
Location: near Vannappuram, Thodupuzha, Idukki Dist., Kerala PIN:685607
Altitude: 1500fsl
Flower date: 25FEB2023, 05.20pm
Habitat: wild moisture rocky hill streamside
Plant habit: deciduous tree, erect, branches, branchlets, hard woody stem 60 inches base circumference, rough cracked brown bark; litely flaked
Height: 12 meters
Leaves: alternate, odd pinnate 04 paired, leaflets opposite, elliptic, acute, simple, smooth glossy, bitterly, size upto:12×5cm
Flower: axillary umbel inflorescence, 05 petals, diameter:05mm, off-white, good fragrance
Fruit: berry green into purplish to brown, ovoid, size:03×2cm, not edible, stapled by hornbill
Seed: black,single, globular, covered with white sheath oily when dried, diameter:15mm
Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x

Pl verify Heynea trijuga

Yes !

Yes, it is Heynea trijuga, dear …, thank you very much for ID my tree

Yes, as per images at Heynea trijuga

Unknown Tree seedling: 5 images.
Uploading photographs of seedling and saplings of the unknown Tree.

Kindly help me in finding out the ID
Location: Imphal
March, 2023

Pl. check

I think Aglaia is one possibility:

Can’t recognize it…but would hazard a guess of families that it may belong to – Fabaceae, Meliaceae, Connaraceae.

Trichilia connaroides

Yes, possible as per images at


SK 3733 10 June 2023: 3 high res. images.

Location: Palpam Deurali, Palpa, Nepal 
Date: 30 May 2023
Elevation: 838 m.
Habit : Wild

Can it be from Apocynaceae?

Flowers appear to be of Cryptolepis buchananii Schult. ex Roem. & Schult. as per your post at Cryptolepis buchananii Schult. ex Roem. & Schult.

I have separately posted C. buchananii entangled with this sp.
This is a different sp.

Tree is Heynea trijuga

It may be Toona ciliata.

no chance for Toona ciliata.
its Hyena trijuga of meliaceae as said by …

Yes. Already ID !