Heyneatrijuga Roxb. ex Sims, Bot. Mag. 42: t. 1738 1815. (Syn: Ailantopsis poilanei Gagnep.; Azadirachta integerrima M. Roem.; Heynea affinis A. Juss.; Heynea connaroides (Wight & Arn.) Wight ex Voigt; Heynea fruticosa Teijsm. & Binn.; Heynea pubescens Hook. fil.; Heynea quinquejuga A. Juss. (ambiguous synonym); Heynea quinquejuga Roxb. (ambiguous synonym); Heynea quinquejuga Roxb. ex G. Don (ambiguous synonym); Heynea sumatrana Miq.; Heynea trijuga var. bijuga C. DC. …..; Melia integerrima Buch.-Ham.; Picroderma laotica Gagnep.; Scutinanthe engleri Elmer; Trichilia connaroides (Wight & Arn.) Bentv.; Trichilia rimosa Blanco ; Walsura intermedia Craib; Walsura pallida Craib; Walsura perrottetii C. DC.; Walsura pubescens Kurz; Walsura punctata Suesseng.; Walsura quinquejuga Kurz ; Walsura sumatrana (Miq.) Harms ex Koord.; Walsura trijuga (Roxb. ex Sims) Kurz; Zanthoxylum connaroides Wight & Arn.);
Common name: Indian Heynea • Assamese: thengare-arong • Kannada: kora, limbara, linabira • Malayalam: korakadi, korakkadi, kurukkati • Marathi: limbara, tusal • Nepali: आँखा तरुवा Aankha taruwa, komal-siuli • Tamil: centanai, centarai, karai, karaivilanku • Nepali: आँखातरुवा Aankhaa Taruwa, सिंगमूर Singamur, कोमल सिउली Komal Siuli, आँख तारे Aankh Taare
Peninsular and N.E. India: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, W. Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala; Nepal, Myanmar and Bhutan as per BSI flora of India;
China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan), Java, peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Penang, Terengganu, Perak, Pahang, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan), Nicobar Isl., Borneo, Philippines (Luzon, Basilan, Mindanao), Sumatra, India (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sikkim, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Mandalay, Yangon), Sri Lanka (introduced), Thailand, Vietnam, Laos as per Catalogue of Life;
Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), N. India, Burma, east to China, Malaysia as per Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal;

Trees, to 15 m high; bark 12 mm thick, reddish-brown or ash coloured, rough, warty; outer bark reddish, inner yellow; branchlets reddish, lenticellate. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, swollen at base, glabrous; leaflets 5-11, opposite, estipellate; petiolule 7-17 mm, slender, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 5-15 x 2.5-7 cm, ovate, ovate-oblong or ovate-lanceolate, base oblique, apex acuminate or shortly caudate-acuminate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, glaucous beneath; lateral nerves 7-10 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 6-8 mm across, white, in axillary corymbose panicles; pedicel articulated; calyx lobes 5, ovate, pubescent, imbricate; petals 5, 3-4 x 1 mm, oblong, margin ciliolate; staminal tube deeply 10-lobed, pubescent; lobes 2-fid; stamens 10, anthers attached between the 2-fid lobes; disc annular, fleshy; ovary superior, globose, glabrous, 2-celled, ovules 2 per cell; style slightly obconic; stigma capitate, 2-dentate. Fruit a capsule, globose, bright red, pointed, 2 valved; seed one, yellowish-brown, surrounded by a white fleshy aril. 

Flowering and fruiting: March-September
Evergreen, semi-evergreen and shola forests

I saw this tall tree of about 15 metres in Valparai area of western ghats.
I cannot take proper picture and have no idea of this Genus. Please help me to identify this tree.
The fruits are about 2cm across. Any possibilities for this to be a Meliaceae?
Location: Estate road-side
Place: Vaalparai, TN
Alt.: 950 m asl
Date: 12 July 2012

Vaalparai has more species reported from Kerala and it is the wettest part of Tamil Nadu.

Please check with Trichilia connaroides (Wight & Arn.) Bentv. of Meliaceae

Many thanks … for the identification.

Meliaceae sp for ID- 19022014- PKA-Feb45 :  4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)

Meliaceae sp. from Village Mahal (Chikmagalur region, Karnataka).
Date/Time: 27-01-2014 / 11:00AM
Habitat: Looks like cultivated
Plant habit: Tree

If its native it could be Trichelia connaroides

Thanks … I too was thinking in the same direction.. It does look like T. connaroides..

along Karnataka State Highway No. 34near Anshi
Date: 21 FEB 2012 … Altitude: about 560 m asl
Heynea trijuga Roxb. ex Sims  (family: Meliaceae)

Very beautiful indeed…


Heynea trijuga Roxb. (accepted name) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Location: Nuwakot , Nepal
Altitude:  3200 ft.
Date: 25 April 2015
Heynea trijuga Roxb. (accepted name)
Trichilia connaroides (Wight & Arn.) Bentvelzen (synonym)

Nepali Names:  आँखातरुवा Aankhaa Taruwa / सिंगमूर Singamur / कोमल सिउली Komal Siuli / आँख तारे Aankh Taare

Bhagamandala – Thalacauvery Road Karnataka
Date: 22 FEB 2017 … Altitude range: ~ 907 – 1122 m (2976 – 3683 ft) asl

Walsura trifoliolata (A.Juss.) Harms … (family: Meliaceae)

The posted plant is incorrectly identified by me.

One of my friend pointed out that the posted plant is Trichilia connaroides,

Madikeri Coorg, Karnataka
Date: 23 FEB 2017 … Average elevation: ~ 1117 m (3667 ft) asl

Trichilia connaroides (Wight & Arn.) Bentv. … (family: Meliaceae)


SK782 08 OCT-2017:ID : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)

Location :  Thula Khet, Pokhara, Nepal 

Date : 10 August 2017
Altitude : 2800 ft.

Any idea about the family?

Heynea trijuga Roxb. ex Sims  ??
Syn: Trichilia connaroides (Wight & Arn.) Bentv.   ??

Thanks, … To me also appear close as per images at Heynea trijuga & Biotik


Re: Tree no 1 from Wayanad : 8 posts by 6 authors. 5 images.

I request to identify


Seems like Spondia could be pinnata,

Trichilia connaroides?

Other recipients:
I also think it is Trichilia connaroides regards Radha
I also think it is Trichilia connaroides

Trichilia connaroides- Meliaceae


Trichilia connaroides : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)- around 1100 kb each.

Found in Pudur Naadu, Jawadhu hills of Eastern ghats TN.

SK410 08MAR-2017:ID : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Location: Chhaimale, Nepal
Date : 10 August 2013
Altitude : 5300 ft.

Trichelia connaroides

Heynea trijuga Roxb. ex Sims

Thank you …

For ID 02102016KSB : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Date/Time- 01-10-2016Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Sakleshpura Hassan Dist

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild in Western Ghats

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-Tree

Height/Length- Tall

In the absence of  details of flowers, it is difficult to identify the species.  Any how my guess is ‘it looks like a fruit of Anacardiaceae’. Any Spondias species ?     

Thanks, As images are forwarded ID by some one else i do not have flower photos.

Trichilia connaroides



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.