Spermacoce alata Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane 60 1775. (Syn: Bigelovia elata Bartl. ex DC. [Invalid]; Borreria alata (Aubl.) DC.; Borreria bartlingiana DC.; Borreria eradii Ravi; Borreria fockeana Miq.; Borreria latifolia (Aubl.) K.Schum.; Borreria latifolia var. fockeana (Miq.) Bremek. …….; Borreria penicillata Miq.; Borreria perrottetii DC.; Borreria platyphylla DC.; Borreria scabrida DC.; Borreria sideritis Cham. & Schltdl.; Borreria splitgerberi Bremek.; Borreria splitgerheri Bremek.; Borreria tetraptera Miq.; Neanotis monosperma var. tirunelvelica A.N.Henry & Chandrab.; Spermacoce aspera Aubl.; Spermacoce aspera var. latifolia Griseb.; Spermacoce bartlingiana Hemsl.; Spermacoce coerulescens Aubl.; Spermacoce latifolia Aubl.; Spermacoce scabrida Pohl ex DC. [Invalid]; Tardavel latifolia (Aubl.) Standl.);
Andaman Is.; Argentina Northeast; Bangladesh; Belize; Bolivia; Borneo; Brazil North; Brazil Northeast; Brazil South; Brazil Southeast; Brazil West-Central; Cameroon; Central American Pac; China Southeast; Colombia; Costa Rica; East Himalaya; Ecuador; El Salvador; Fiji; French Guiana; Gabon; Ghana; Guatemala; Guinea; Guyana; Hainan; Honduras; India; Ivory Coast; Jawa; Leeward Is.; Liberia; Malaya; Mexico Gulf; Mexico Southeast; Mexico Southwest; Myanmar; Nepal; Northern Territory; Panam; Paraguay; Peru; Queensland; Samoa; Sierra Leone; Sri Lanka; Sumatera; Suriname; Taiwan; Thailand; Trinidad-Tobago; Uganda; Venezuela; Zare as per Catalogue of Life;
Colombia to N. South America and W. Brazil as per WCSP;

Spermacoce alata is a species of plants in the Rubiaceae.[2] It is widespread across the warmer parts of the Western Hemisphere and naturalized in many other parts of the world.

Spermacoce alata is a perennial herb, sometimes erect but other times decumbent. Stems are square in cross-section, with wings along the corners running lengthwise along the stem. Leaves are elliptical to oblong, up to 8 cm long. Flowers are white to very pale purple, formed in axillary clumps.[3]
(From Wikipedia on 17.11.14)


Rubiaceae herb for identification 130812MK01: 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (8).
Please help me to identify this herb found on a fallow land and grassland near Solayar near Valapari in western ghats. Is this Spermacoce sp.?
Leaf: 5×3 cm
Flower: 0.8cm long
Plant trails to a length of 1-2 feet
Place: Solayar, Valparai, TN
Alt.: 1050 m asl
Date: 02 Aug 2012

I think it is Spermacoce ocymoides (Rubiaceae), because it is an erect herb, leaves decussate, corolla white. It is very common in scrub forest, waterlands and layer of soil by rocks.

It is Spermacoce latifolia Aubl.
Syn: Borreria latifolia (Aubl.) K. Schum.; Borreria eradii Ravi

Baburaj et al. 2001 done a work on Spermacoce latifolia Aubl. but I don’t know the paper name.


Spermacoce latifolia at Pachmarhi :: 18 SEP 13 :: DV : 4 images. 6 posts by 3 authors.
Pachmarhi … about 3600 feet ft asl
Date / Time: 18 SEP 13 at 08:47 AM … Altitude: about 3568 ft asl
Spermacoce latifolia Aubl. … (family: Rubiaceae)

Awesome shots …

There is confusion on the internet. Spermacoce latifolia is shown differently in certain sites.
These websites show plant similar to Spermacoce ocymoides
AND another set of websites perhaps are showing correctly …
I hope the latter set of websites are showing Spermacoce latifolia correctly; please validate.

Spermacoce alata Aubl from Assam KD 03 Dec 14 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5).
Attached images may be Spermacoce alata Aubl ( = Spermacoce latifolia Aubl.). My earlier upload. Please validate.
Date :04.12.2014
Location: Assam
Family : Rubiaceae
Genus & species : Spermacoce alata Aubl ( = Spermacoce latifolia Aubl.)
Habitat: Grows wild on open space
Habit : Herb

Exallage auricularia (L.) Bremek. (accepted name) ??? : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (13)
Sharing some pictures I guess is Exallage auricularia (L.) Bremek. (accepted name syn: Hedyotis auricularia L. shot at Pashupati Forest Kathmandu on 16 October 2016 at 4400 ft. 

efi page on Oldenlandia auricularia                                          

It is not Exallage auricularia (L.) Bremek. (Hedyotis auricularia L. It is Spermacoce latifolia a weed in partially shaded place

Thank you … for correcting ID.
Nepali Name: पौंधी Poundhi 

Spermacoce alata Aubl. (accepted name)  (CoL)

ID validation please.

I think matches with images of Spermacoce alata at Spermacoce latifolia :: Bisle Ghat :: 15 NOV 2016 :: DVDEC76

Spermacoce alata Aubl. (accepted name)
Nepali Name : पौंधी  Paundhee

Bisle Ghat Karnataka
Date: 15 NOV 2016 … Altitude range: ~ 956 – 139 m (3136 – 456 ft) asl

Spermacoce latifolia Aubl. … (family: Rubiaceae)
Native of tropical Americas, naturalized elsewhere.

Spermacoce alata Aubl. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)
Location: Peace Pagoda, Pokhara, Nepal 
Date : 11 August 2017
Altitude : 3600 ft.

via Species‎ > ‎S‎ > Spermacoce alata Aubl. … family: Rubiaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
sperm-a-KOH-see — seed point, referring to the capsule being surrounded by calyx pointsDave’s Botanary
a-LAY-tuh — wingedDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: broad-leaved false buttonweed, oval-leaf false buttonweedKannada: ದಾರೆಕಡ್ಡಿ daarekaddi, ಮದನಗಂಟಿ madanagantiMalayalam: തറുതാവൽ tharthaval, കുടൽചുരുക്കി kudalchurukkiNepali: पौंधी paundhiSanskrit: मदनघण्टा madanaghantaTulu: ದಾರೆಕಡ್ಡಿ daarekaddi
botanical names: Spermacoce alata Aubl. … synonyms: Borreria alata (Aubl.) DC. • Borreria latifolia (Aubl.) K.Schum. • Spermacoce latifolia Aubl. … and many more at The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1.
September 18, 2013 … Pachmarhi 

ANAUG28 Weed for ID : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).

16th August 2014

May be a Spermacoce ….

It is Spermacoce ocimoides

I think it is Spermacoce alata Aubl. as per details and images herein and as per keys at Flora of China 


Spermacoce latifolia (?) (Rubiaceae) from Guwahati: Are attached images Spermacoce latifolia ? Please confirm ID of this species.
Date :08/11/12
Rani,Dist- Kamrup(Metro)[Images -1,2,3,4]; Mirza,Dist- Kamrup(Rural)[Images-5,6]
Genus & species :Spermacoce latifolia (?)
Family : Rubiaceae

Habitat: Grows on road side
Habit : Herb
Flower : Small, white in colour

Yes, to me also appears close to images at Spermacoce alata Aubl.

SK1857 22 April 2019 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- 3 mb each.

Location:  Shankharapur, Sankhu, Kathmandu
Date: 28 September 2013
Elevation: 1560 m.

Habit : Wild
Spermacoce alata Aubl. ??
I am not sure if I had posted it earlier.

Attachments (1) – 4 mb

Attachments (1) – 4 mb



[EfloraofIndia_Rubiaceae week_080212PD03_Mitracarpus villosus_Flora of Odisha]:
sharing the image of Mitracarpus villosus from Ranpur

I think more closer to Spermacoce alata Aubl. rather than Mitracarpus hirtus

I too agree with you, …,
it’s not Mirtacarpus, Spermacoce only,


Spermacoce alata Aubl. : 7 posts by 1 author. 7 images- 4 to 7 mb each.
Location: Khadka Gaun, Kathmandu,  Nepal  
Date: 10 September 2020
Elevation: 1500m.
Habit : Wild


186 ID wild plant: 13 images.

Please ID wild plant,
Location: near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, (Kochi) Kerala PIN:686671
Altitude: 1400fsl
Flower date: 07.11.2021, 11.50am
Habitat: wild moisture
Plant habit: creeping, branches, slender weak grooved stem 04mm diameter, hairy, annual
Height: 01 feet
Leaves: opposite, ovate, apex, hairy, winged petiole, size:5×3cm
Flower: semi globular racemose, clustered, diameter:04mm, white, non fragrant
Fruit: capsule, green into brown, size:2.5×1.5mm
Seed: brown, 2 nos., ovate, size:2×1mm
Camera: mobile Samsung Galaxy A21s

Spermacoce latifolia,

Yes matches with images at Spermacoce alata


MS,Nov.,2022/06 Small herb for id.: 1 image.
Location : Hmuifang, Mizoram

Altitude : ca.1,450 m.
Date : 02-11-2022
Habit : Small herb
Habitat : Wild

Spermacoce alata Aubl.

Any other image?

1 very high res. image

Yes, possible as per images at

Side view will help in confirmation.


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