Ligularia sibirica (L.) Cass. ? (E. Central Europe to Russian Far East and N. China: Altay, Amur, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, Chita, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Irkutsk, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk, Manchuria, Mongolia, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Pakistan, Poland, Primorye, Romania, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Tuva, Ukraine, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia; Introduced into: Austria, France, Italy as per POWO)
An important document for names, authority and distribution of Asteraceae (=Compositae) species in India is FLOWERING PLANTS OF INDIA, DICOTYLEDONS, Vol-I (Acanthaceae-Avicenniaceae) authored by S.Karthikeyan, M.Sanjappa and S.Moorthy.
It is published by Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata in 2009.
As per this document (Karthikeyan et al., 2009) following species of Ligularia occur in India:
1- Ligularia amplexicaulis,
2- L. atkinsonii,
3- L. dux,
4- L. fischeri,
5- L. hookeri,
6- L. jacquemontiana,
7- L. japonica,
8- L. kingiana,
9- L. lancifera,
10- L. latiligulata,
11- L. leesicotal,
12- L. mortonii,
13- L. pachycarpa,
14- L. retusa,
15- L. sibirica,
16- L. thomsonii,
17- L. tussilaginea,
18- L. virgaurea.
Out of these Ligularia amplexicaulis, 2- L. fischeri, 3- L. sibirica are known to occur in Uttarakhand as per the information in following document:
Uniyal,B.P., Sharma,J.R., Choudhery,U. and Singh,D.K. 2007. Flowering Plants of Uttarakhand (A Check List). BSMP, Dehradun.
No Ligularia species seems threatened in India as Red Data Book of Indian Plants (Nayar & Sastry, 1987-90) does not mention any species.
FRLHT Indian Medicinal Plants Nomenclature Database with images/ herbarium, distribution, local names etc. :
Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 4.2.14:
Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal :
Floristic Diversity and Conservation Strategies in India: Angiosperms (selested groups) and ethnobotany by V. Mudgal, P. K. Hajra Botanical Survey of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests, 2001
Ligularia dux Eastern Himalaya (Sikkim)
Ligularia hookeri (Clarke) Hand.-Mazz. Eastern Himalaya (Sikkim) …
Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007)-
Ligularia kaempferi Siebold & Zucc. is a synonym of Farfugium japonicum (L.) Kitam.
Ligularia tussilaginea (Burm.f.) Makino is a synonym of Farfugium japonicum (L.) Kitam.
Plant diversity hotspots in India: an overview by V. Mudgal, Botanical Survey of India Botanical Survey of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests, 1997 :
Hot spots of endemic plants of India, Nepal and Bhutan by M. P. Nayar Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, 1996:
Ligularia dux (Clarke) R. Mathur : Herb; Sikkim Himalaya; Endemic.
Ligularia hookeri (Clarke) Hand.-Mazz. : Herb; E. Nepal , Sikkim, …
Senecio, Cissampelopsis, Curio, Jacobaea, Kleinia, Ligularia & Synotis : 5 posts by 2 authors.
Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.
Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome
I have also added the list of Indian species of Ligularia as per the reference mentioned.
Ligularia page (Asteraceae (Compositae)) with images of species in efloraofindia : 1 post by 1 author.
If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.
If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.