Galium asperifolium Wall., Fl. Ind. 1: 381 1820. (Syn: Galium asperifolium var. obovatum Nazim.; Galium lividum Jacquem. ex Hook.f. [Invalid]; Galium parviflorum D.Don, nom.illeg.; Galium pseudohirtiflorum H.Li)
Afghanistan to SC. China, Sumatera as per WCSP;
Afghanistan; Assam; Bangladesh; China South-Central; Nepal; Pakistan; Sumatera; Thailand; Tibet; West Himalaya as per Catalogue of Life;

Images by Dinesh Valke (Id by Balkar Singh & Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details,
click on the links)


VoF Week :: DV :: 02 AUG 12 – 1257 :: small herb with tiny pink flower at Valley of Flowers:
2 AUG 12
Valley of Flowersabout 11000 – 12000 ft

Habitat: sloping meadow
Habit: small ground-cover herb, about 20 – 40 cm high; tiny flower: about 3 – 4 mm across

Any Galium sp.???

Yes Galium species. Perhaps fruits should help further.

Two red flowered sp are mentioned in Flora of Chamoli
G hirtifolium if fruits hooked bristly, leaves 4 or G asperifolium if fruits smooth, leaves 6-8
So may be G asperifolium if fruits smooth, leaves 6-8

perhaps your another visit may not be necessary if you go through the interesting discussion in Flora of China

G. hirtifolium is out of question as 6 leaves can easily be counted. It seems G. asperifolium is a very polymorphic species, the white to yellowish flowered populations are all considered as part of this species, whereas red flowered (and larger flower, which struck me from day one) specimens are now treated as a distinct species Galium blinii. Important to note that these red flowered specimens (according to Flora of China) have often been treated as synonym of G. asperifolium var. sikkimense which typically has yellowish-greenish flowers.
Interesting to note that another red-flowered species G. craticulatum as endemic to Bhutan, with totally glabrous stem and sparsely retrorsely scabrid leaves. In one or two leaves in second photograph I can see consipicous retrorsely scabrid leaf margin. Perhaps you can Please find out and enlarge a clear view of stem to see if stem is glabrous or scabrid to confirm it further.


Yes Sir I also shot this plant stem was not glabrous at all. Pls see attached picture.

Thanks … for settling the issue.

Galium species…ABJUL2017/18 : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
I have been seeing this tiny plant with needle like leaves on my treks to Triund. This one is photographed at about 2400m. The wine-red flowers resemble those of Rubia. I am not sure what species this is. Poking around on the internet I found the similar looking G. wrightii but learnt that it’s only found in North America and Mexico. Please help identify this.
Galium species?
Mcleodganj-Triund, Dharamshala, HP
2400m approx.
10-11 July 2017

Galium species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)

On searching efi site for Galium with Himachal, I found the following matches:

It closely resembles to Galium mollugo Linn. ssp. asperifolium (Wall.) Kitamura in Fauna & Flora of Nepal Himalaya,; G.asperifolium Wall. in Roxb.Fl.Ind.ed.1: 381,1820

To me also appear close to images at Galium asperifolium


Galium acutum? ABSEP2016/44 : 4 posts by 2 authors. 3 images.
Is this Galium acutum? Please advise.
Triund-Mcleodganj, HP 2700m 03-04 September 2016

Looks close to images under different threads at Galium acutum, but flowers in these threads are not pink. 

Thank you … I have the same confusion. Perhaps the experts will advise.

Pl. see Flora of China also

To me appears close to Galium asperifolium var. asperifolium as per comparative images at Galium


VoF Week: Galium blinii from the way to Ghangriya:

Galium blinii from the way to Ghangriya
As suggested by … in another thread
pls validate

I think we take it like that till some better option comes.

To me appears close to Galium asperifolium var. asperifolium as per discussions herein and as per comparative images at Galium


VOF Week: Rubiaceae sp??? at VoF:
Seen this herb with very small flowers at

Can be Rubia manjith…nice pictures..

Not Rubia for two reasons
Rubia leaves are differentiated into a distinct petiole and broad lamina
Second and more important flowers of Rubia are pentamerous, here they are tetramerous
It is some species of Galium, I hope. Perhaps fruits can help or we find out a species with pink/purple flowers.

Galium sp.

To me appears close to Galium asperifolium var. asperifolium as per discussions herein and as per comparative images at Galium


SK 3038 12 October 2021: 8 very high res. images.
Location: Jumla, Nepal
Altitude: 2561m.
Date: 18 August 2021
Habit : Wild
Galium asperifolium var. asperifolium Wall. ??

Yes, as per images at Galium asperifolium Wall.

When we say Galium asperifolium Wall., it means Galium asperifolium var. asperifolium Wall. only.
One and the same thing.
Synonyms shown under any of them, are synonyms for both. 


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