Gouania microcarpa DC., Prodr. 2: 40 1825. (Syn: Gouania brandisii Hassk.; Gouania domingensis Blanco; Gouania integrifolia Kurz; Gouania leptostachya Fern.-Vill. [Illegitimate]; Gouania tiliifolia Rottb. ex DC.);
India (Punjab), Jammu & Kashmir, Malaysia, Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Mon, Taninthayi), Sri Lanka, Indonesia as per Catalogue of life & Maharastra, Karnataka & Kerala as per ENVIS – FRLHT
¿ goo-AN-ee-a ? — named for Anthony Gouan, professor of botany, author of Hortus Regius Monspeliensis
my-kro-KAR-puh — tiny fruit Dave’s Botanary


Names of Plants in India :: Gouania microcarpa DC.:
via Species‎ > ‎G‎ > ‎ Gouania microcarpa DC. … family: Rhamnaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
¿ goo-AN-ee-a ? — named for Anthony Gouan, professor of botany, author of Hortus Regius Monspeliensis
my-kro-KAR-puh — tiny fruitDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: downy-branchletted chawstickKannada: ¿ ಶಿಂಗಾರ ? ಬಳ್ಳಿ shingar balliMalayalam: palkattadi
botanical names: Gouania microcarpa DC … synonyms: not sure about synonymy
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Photographed near Mavingundi, Karnataka on 16 DEC 12
Many thanks to … for the ID.

Wow a different Rhamnaceae member!

very nice. how big are these flowers? for the last two days I have been wondering as to why I have not seen it on our rambles?
I found the answer today: see the distribution map :

… the flowers are just about 4 – 5 mm.

UPDATE  • Malayalamപാൽക്കാറ്റാടി palkkarrati

¿ goo-AN-ee-a ? — named for Antoine Goüan, author of Hortus Regius Monspeliensis … Plant genera named after people

my-kro-KAR-puh — tiny fruit … Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: downy-branchletted chawstick, small-leaved chawstick, tiny-fruit chawstick • Kannada: ಶಿಂಗಾರ ಬಳ್ಳಿ shingar balli • Konkani: शिंहारबली shinharbali • Malayalam: പാൽക്കാറ്റാടി palkkattadi • Marathi: शिंहारबली shinharbali • Telugu: పెంకితీగ penkitiga

botanical namesGouania microcarpa DC. … accepted infraspecificsGouania microcarpa var. microcarpa … POWO … heterotypic synonymsGouania brandisii Hassk. • Gouania integrifolia Kurz … POWO

Bibliography / etymology

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
downy-branchletted chawstick, small-leaved chawstick
tiny-fruit chawstick
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಶಿಂಗಾರ ಬಳ್ಳಿ shingar balli
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
शिंहारबली shinharbali
  • Enumeration of plants from Gomantak India with a note on botanical excursions to the Castlerock area by V D Vartak
  • the name शिंहारबली shinharbali seems to be corrupted form of ಶಿಂಗಾರ ಬಳ್ಳಿ shingar balli, the name borrowed from Kannada language
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
പാൽക്കാറ്റാടി palkkattadi
  • വിക്കിപീഡിയ – സ്വതന്ത്രസർവ്വവിജ്ഞാനകോശം
  • പാല്‍കാറ്റാടി paalkattadi or പല്‍കാറ്റാടി palkattadi … പാല്‍ paal = milk and പല്‍ pal = tooth; കാറ്റാടി kattadi = name given to Casuarina (Casuarina equisetifolia L.) … many thanks to Suresh Kutty for help with the possible etymology of the name … facebook
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
शिंहारबली shinharbali
  • FRLHT’s ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants
  • the name शिंहारबली shinharbali seems to be corrupted form of ಶಿಂಗಾರ ಬಳ್ಳಿ shingar balli, the name borrowed from Kannada language
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
పెంకితీగ penkitiga
~~~~~ x ~~~~~


ANJAN08/08 Gouania microcarpa DC. : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)

Family: Rhamnaceae
Date: 30th December 2015
Place: Kottigehara, Chikkamagaluru District, Karnataka

Habit: Liana
Habitat: Semi-evergreen forest

Nice pictures.

Madikeri Coorg, Karnataka
Date: 23 FEB 2017 … Average elevation: ~ 1117 m (3667 ft) asl
Gouania microcarpa DC. … (family: Rhamnaceae)


402 ID wild climber: 20 high res. images.
Please ID wild climber,
Location: near Vannappuram, Thodupuzha, Idukki Dist., Kerala PIN:685607
Altitude: 1500fsl
Flower date: 10DEC2022, 03.50pm
Habitat: wild moisture, misty grassland hill
Plant habit: climbing, branches, hard stem 15 inches base circumference, rough puffed brown bark, tendrils, long lasting
Height: 15 meters
Leaves: alternate, pinnate, leaflets (03 numbers) alternate, heart shaped, acute, simple rough lite glossy, serrated margins, leaf stalk apex remains as tendrils, size upto:08×5cm
Flower: axillary panicle racemose, clustered, diameter:06mm, pale yellow, good fragrance
Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x

Gouania microcarpa DC. !:

Yes it is Gouania microcarpa, dear …, thank you very much for ID my plant

Yes, I also agree as per images at


Distribution of Gouania microcarpa DC. in India:

While compiling regional names of Gouania microcarpa DC., I found its distribution in India, of this species differing at a few sites among many, as follows:
Recent study in 2020 says the global distribution is restricted to India and Sri Lanka
READ MORE: Cahen, D., Stenn, K.S. & Utteridge, T.M.A. A revision of the genus Gouania (Rhamnaceae) in the Philippines and Sundaland. Kew Bull 75, 25 (2020).
At eFI, we find from various resources, compiled as follows:
India (Punjab), Jammu & Kashmir, Malaysia, Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Mon, Taninthayi), Sri Lanka, Indonesia as per Catalogue of life & Maharastra, Karnataka & Kerala as per ENVIS – FRLHT
Based on observations found posted on the internet (including eFI), it strongly seems that the distribution  of Gouania microcarpa DC.,
  • within India is restricted to Western Ghats of India, in states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
  • and global distribution is restricted to India and Sri Lanka

POWO has divided India in broadly 5 regions:

West Himalaya, East Himalaya, Assam, Andamans and India while giving details.
They refer Assam to anywhere in NE India. They refer India to any place other than their West Himalaya, East Himalaya, Andamans and Assam.
They fill their map accordingly.

So distribution stated by you is correct as per POWO also.

I understand that the map of India gets normally filled as you explained.
In the overview, just “NW. India” is mentioned in the native range; Western Ghats or peninsular India is not included.
I want to know whether this species is distributed in northern India. Accordingly I can expect that there are names for this plant in northern India OR come to conclude that the plant is not yet given a name in those regions.

Pl. see distribution as per POWO:
Assam, Bismarck Archipelago, India, Myanmar, New Guinea, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya
That page at POWO has the distribution written elaborately after the map.
I seek your attention to the distribution written at the top of the page as follows:
The native range of this species is NW. India to Myanmar, Papuasia.
But, I am not specifically looking at what POWO or other sites have written.
Let me express my query another way:
Most of the sites have mentioned distribution of Gouania microcarpa DC. in India as northern part of India, whereas I strongly believe it is not so.
Rather, within India this species is restricted only to peninsular India.
Let me know whether I am mistaken.

I think detailed distribution in POWO is right.



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