IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable (VU)
Strobilanthes ciliata Nees in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 85. 1832 (Syn: Nilgirianthus ciliatus (Nees) Bremek.; Nilgirianthus warreensis (Dalzell) Bremek.; Strobilanthes parviflora Bedd.; Strobilanthes warreensis Dalzell) as per POWO;
SW-India (Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu) as per Catalogue of Life;
stroh-bil-AN-theez — cone flower … Dave’s Botanary
sil-ee-ATE-us or sil-ee-AH-tus — fringed with hairs … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Wadi strobilanthesKannada: ಕರಿಗೆಂಟಿಗೆ karigentigeKonkani: कारवी karviMalayalam: ചിന്നക്കുറിഞ്ഞി cinnakkurinni, കരിങ്കുറിഞ്ഞി karinkurinniMarathi: वाडी कारवी Wadi karviSanskrit: सहचरः sahacarah, सैरीयकः sairiyakahTamil: சின்னக்குறிஞ்சி cinna-k-kurinci, குறிஞ்சி kurinciTulu: ಕಪ್ಪುಗೆಂಟಿಗೆ kappugentige


Strobilanthes ciliatus_18-02-12_GK_02: Strobilanthes ciliatus Nees. of Acanthaceae family Karimkurinji (Dark Kurinji) in Malayalam.

Used in Ayurveda medicine.

A small shrub seen in the under-storey of evergreen forests of the Western Ghats.
Flowers annually but profuse flowering occurs once in six years.
A related link

Nice pictures. Thanks for sharing.

Is it this year flowering picture.

Yes … another superb upload. Thanks for sharing. I think there is no distributional record of this species in Eastern Ghats.

Thanks to  … for nice words.

This species is apparently endemic to the Western Ghats.

The flowering is almost over but you may find few flowering individuals in the evergreen forests

Images by Anurag N. Sharma & Giby Kuriakose (Inserted by Anurag N. Sharma & J.M.Garg)


ANDEC105 Please identify this herb : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7).

Hebri, Karnataka
27th December 2014

Check for Nilgirianthus warreensis

Thank you sir. Is it a synonym of Strobilanthes warreensis?

Pl. also see this pdf: http://xavierscollege-goa.com/national/5.pdf

I don’t believe this is an Acanthaceae, let alone a Strobilanthes. Try Clerodendron (Verbenaceae) or Scrophulariaceae S.L.

the given plant specimen is Strobilanthes ciliatus Nees. Please check Rheedea. 23 (1): 1-7. 2013, for the paper ” Taxonomic status of Strobilanthes warreensis (Acanthaceae), an endemic species of Western Ghats, India” in which I have merged Strobilanthes warreensis Dalzell with Strobilanthes ciliatus Nees.

A small clarification required:

Is the correct spelling Strobilanthes ciliata or Strobilanthes ciliatus?

This Shrub was seen In the dense forest cover near Karikale (Karnataka),
Bot. name: Strobilanthus warreensis
Family: Acanthaceae


Acanthaceae Fortnight :: Strobilanthes ciliatus :: Someshwar WLS :: DVMAR119/130 : 3 posts by 2 authors. 5 images. Strobilanthes ciliatus Nees

at Someshwar Wildlife Sanctuary on December 27, 2014

Nice pictures of Strobilanthes ciliatus (= S. warrensis)

Thank you very much …

While I was making the post, the flower did remind me of S. warreensis !


Hebri :: Strobilanthes ciliatus :: DVJAN37 : 3 posts by 2 authors. 5 images.

Sita Nadi Nature Camp (part of Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary)Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka

Date: 27 DEC 2014 Altitude: about 80 m asl
Strobilanthes ciliatus Nees … (family: Acanthaceae)

Many thanks to Dr. Maria Emilia Mascarenhas for the ID in … post ANDEC105

Very beautiful..

Strobilanthes warreensis Dalzell

at Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary on February 19, 2012

This is now synonymised with Strobilanthes ciliatus

Thank you very much … Will revise my notes accordingly.


via Species‎ > ‎S‎ > Strobilanthes ciliatus Nees … family: Acanthaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
stroh-bil-AN-theez — cone flower … Dave’s Botanary
sil-ee-ATE-us or sil-ee-AH-tus — fringed with hairs … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known asWadi strobilanthes • Konkaniकारवी karvi • Malayalamചിന്നക്കുറിഞ്ഞി cinnakkurinniകരിങ്കുറിഞ്ഞി karinkurinni • Marathiवाडी कारवी Wadi karvi • Sanskritसहचरः sahacarahसैरीयकः sairiyakah • Tamilசின்னக்குறிஞ்சி cinna-k-kurinciகுறிஞ்சி kurinci 
botanical namesStrobilanthes ciliatus Nees … synonymsNilgirianthus ciliatus (Nees) Bremek. • Ruellia ciliata Wall. ex Nees • Strobilanthes warreensis Dalzell …Taxonomic status of Strobilanthes warreensis by Maria Emilia Mascarenhas and M.K. Janarthanam, Rheedea Vol. 23(1) 01-06 2013 
December 27, 2014 … Someshwar Wildlife Sanctuary 

Thanks, …, for all the hard work.

Names update:

Kannada: ಕರಿಗೆಂಟಿಗೆ karigentige
Tulu: ಕಪ್ಪುಗೆಂಟಿಗೆ kappugentige


ID KANNUR 2 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)

Please identify this herb… probably Acanthaceae from Kannur District of Kerala…

Most probably Strobilanthes ciliatus.

Yes, it is Strobilanthus ciliatus.

It looks like Strobilanthes ciliata


6 images. Please identify the weed plant.
Name of plant:
Location:         near Reserve Forest,  Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, Kerala PIN:686671
Date:.               10.12.2020, 01.50pm
Altitude:           1700fsl
Habitat:            wild moisture
Plant habit:      bush hard stem perennial
Height:             02 meters
Leaves:            opposite, oval, apex
Flower:             diameter:10mm violet, blue patches, non fragrant

Strobilanthes ciliata ….?


Sharing more images and information,
Fruit:                 flower buds erected after  flowering, diamond shaped brown, size:1cm×3mm
Seed:                brown flat oval 3mm
3 images.


Taxonomic status of Strobilanthes warreensis (Acanthaceae), an endemic species of Western Ghats, India by Maria Emilia Mascarenhas* and M.K. Janarthanam- Rheedea Vol. 23(1) 01-06 2013

The Plant List Ver. 1.1  Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary By C.P. Khare  isolation and quantification of lupeol in strobilanthes ciliatus  Karimkurunji – medicinal plants 

Strobilanthes Blume (Acanthaceae) in peninsular India – Page 82:  Strobilanthes ciliatus Nees in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 85. 1832 & DC., Prodr. 11: 183. 1847; Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient.: 219, t. 1517. 1850 (as Goldfussia zenkeriana Nees under descr.); T. Anderson in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 9: 468. 1867, excl. syn.