Setaria sphacelata (Schumach.) Stapf & C.E.Hubb. ex Moss, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1929: 195 1929. (Syn: Chaetochloa aurea (A.Braun) Hitchc. ………………………………………………………..);
Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe; Introduced into: Alabama, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bangladesh, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, California, Cambodia, Caroline Is., Cook Is., Costa Rica, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, Fiji, Florida, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Japan, Jawa, Laos, Marianas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Philippines, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Taiwan, Thailand, Uruguay, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen as per POWO;

Setaria sphacelata is a species of grass known by the common name African bristlegrass.
It is native to tropical Africa, but it is grown in many other areas as a forage for grazing livestock. It may also be planted to reduce the invasion of weeds.[1] In some places it grows in the wild as a naturalized species.
This is a rhizomatous perennial grass producing flattened, hairless stems over one meter in maximum height. The inflorescence is a dense, narrow panicle of bristly, orange-tinged spikelets up to 25 centimeters long.
A number of cultivars have been developed for use in various climates and soil conditions. Pests include the buffel grass seed caterpillar (Mampava rhodoneura) and the fungus Pyricularia trisa.[1]
Setaria sphacelata is a food source for several avian species, including the Long-tailed Widowbird.
(From Wikipedia 26.4.13)

Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week: Poaceae :020413 ARK-01 from Mumbai : Attachments (2).  7 posts by 4 authors.
Requesting ID of this grass found in Aarey Gardens, Mumbai in Feb 2013

looks like some Setaria sp

Is it a cultivated fodder grass? Close up pl. If cultivated, it could be Setaria sphacelata.

Thanks for your feedback.
It was found in the Aarey grasslands in Mumbai.
Aarey grasslands belong to the Maharashtra Dairy (cattle are reared there).
However, I am not sure whether this grass was cultivated or growing wild.
Hope this helps.

it should be Setaria sphacelata

‘Is it a cultivated fodder grass? Close up pl. If cultivated, it could be Setaria sphacelata.’
In response to … above request please find close of of the same grass species for definitive confirmation.
Not sure if it is cultivated.
Apologies for posting 18 months after request date but accessed this thread only today.
Attachments (1)

Thank you … for the closeup….. I think it matches my pics as well.
Attaching a cropped pic as well, at the time of the original post, I did not know how to crop pics 🙁
Attachments (1)

You have done a wonderful job … It’s the same species.

Pennisetum sp. (?) from Kamrup district, Assam :  Attachments (5). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Attaching images of what looks like Pennisetum sp. (?) collected from Kamrup district, Assam. Please ID the plant.
Date :15.06.2013
Location: Kamrup district, Assam
Family : Poaceae
Genus & species :Pennisetum sp. (?)
Habitat: Grows wild on road side
Habit : Herb

I am taking a chance, if it is about 3 ft, tall, can it be Setaria pumila ?

Received ID, as Setaria glauca.

Feedback from another thread:
My earlier upload of Setaria glauca have few differences with my present upload (species). I have collected both the specimen from different places of same district. The height of the my first specimen is more than the present one. Also there are some differences in leaf, colour of the inflorescence etc. Please clarify my confusion

Setaria pumila cannot have such long inflorescences. This one is Setaria sphacelata, which is a cultivated fodder grass also called Kazungula.

Thank you very much Sir for the ID of this grass, along with the difference with S. pumila.


Grass for ID : Nasik : 09DEC21 : AK – 10: 3 images.
A wild grass seen by the roadside in Nasik.

Setaria sphacelata (usually cultivated as fodder grass)




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