Trees for plantation : Can you please suggest me names of few trees for plantation along the roads and highway in Mumbai during monsoon . Criteria would be 1) Should be of Indian origin 2) Evergreen category 3) Providing good shade 4) Should grow fast 5) and if they attracts birds n butterflies it will be “सोनेपे सुहागा”.
I have few names in mind. Saraca indica, Pongamia pinnata, Alstonia scholaris, Albizzia lebbeck, Bauhinia variegata, Erythrina variegata, Casia fistula, Ficus microcarpa, Putranjiva roxberghii, Dalbergia sissoo, Thespesia populnea and some more. Would like to have your suggestions.
This efi page may be relevent here: Native Trees for Urban Spaces
Most of the local trees found in Maharashtra are deciduous to adapt to the dry winter and early summer season.
Evergreen trees need constant supply of water. In dry months when transpiration is more and water availability is less, the trees shed leaves and go dormant to retain moisture. The evergreen varities are – Alstonia (Saptaparni), Mast Tree (Ashoka), Sita Ashok (Saraca indica), Putranjiva roxberghii, Mango.
Pongamia, Albizzia, Bauhinia, Erythrina, Casia fistula, Dalbargia are all deciduous and shed leaves in Dec and reappear in April.