Premna bengalensis C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India 4: 577 1885. (Syn: Gumira bengalensis (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze);
Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China: Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Vietnam as per POWO;

Tree about 30-60 ft tall with trunk circumference of about 220-300 cm and irregularly often fantastically fluted. Bark grayish white or brown, exfoliating in thin corky papery flakes about 2 cm thick, branches and branchlets quadrangular, flattened, young parts pubescent with yellowish stellate hairs and glabrous when mature. Leaves simple opposite, lanceolate-ovate to elliptic, 7.5-24 x 4-15 cm across, base acute or obtuse, margins entire or slightly undulate, apex shallow acuminate to acute, chartaceous, dark green, pubescent along the midrib above, slightly pubescent when young and glabrous when mature and slightly paler, stellately pubescent beneath, lateral veins 7-12 on either side of the midvein, ascending, forked at apex, veins impressed above and prominent beneath, petiole slender, stout, stellate pubescent, glandular, canaliculated about 1.2-4 cm long, exstipulate. Inflorescence terminal corymbose panicles, dichotomously branched, composed or 3-6 pairs of opposite branched cymes, about 12-20 x 10-15 cm across, peduncles flattened, pubescent with yellowish brown stellate hairs, obtusely quadrangular, about 3-7 mm long, bracts linear lanceolate, about 2-6 mm long, Flowers lax, numberous, bisexual, zygomorphic, pedicel about 1 mm long, calyx campanulate 5 toothed, about 2 mm long, teeth acute, pubescent outside, about 0.3 mm long, corolla infundibular, 4 lobed, 2 lipped, white, about 2 mm long, lower lip 3 lobed, midlobe obovate, apex obtuse, about 2 x 1 mm long, glabrous outside, densely pubescent in the throat, stamens 4, didynamous, filaments glabrous, filiform, about 3 mm long, anthers globose, 2 loculed, about 0.5 mm long, ovary ovoid or globose, about 1 mm across, style slender, filiform about 3 mm long, stigma bi-lobed, Fruit drupaceous, obovoid or 0.5-0.8 cm in diameter, subglobose, fruiting calyx cupular, obscurely verrose, black when ripe.

Moist deciduous to evergreen forests near streams and river banks at an altitude up to 1000 ft.
Local Distribution: Assam, Meghalaya, Sikkim, West Bengal. Global Distribution: Asia: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal.

(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India. Kailash, B. R., UAS & ATREE, Bangalore, India. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India. from India Biodiversity Portal)


Hooghly Today : unknown small tree with standard leaf and small flowers : Attachments (10 + 5).  5 posts by 3 authors.

Found this small tree on rural roadside.

May be Premna sp.?

Thank you very very much for the ID. As per keys described in the Bengal Plants, it may be the Premna bengalensis Clarke.


Attaching a few more images, recorded on 2/6/13. Also links –

  1. europeana
No, other Premna of Bengal Plants seems to be matching with this plant.


Fwd: PREMNA BENGALENSIS ??? : 10 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of a medium size tree. Tiny flowers are white in colour and are visited by butterflies.

Will you please validate the identity of the species?

Difficult to say with these images. Close ups are required for proper id.
Pl. check images at Premna bengalensis

I prefer separate images in stead of collage.

Can you please suggest the location, elevation and

date of image?

Cooch Behar is in the plains of North Bengal. It is 200 km from Siliguri. Date of taken is 6-6-2018.

I guess it is matching. No other Premna sp. matching according to the elevation.

Thank you … In fact an images of Premna benghalensis as depicted in Plants of Indian Botanic Garden matches.

Three images are attached as desired by …

Attachments (3)

I also think close to images at Premna bengalensis C.B.Clarke

SYMBIOSIS : 1291 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Striped Albatross visiting flowers of Premna bengalensis.

SYMBIOSIS : 1294 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Striped Albatross (female) visiting flowers of Premna bengalensis.

SYMBIOSIS : 1295 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Common Leopard visiting flowers of Premna bengalensis.

SYMBIOSIS 1296 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Psyche visiting flowers of Premna bengalensis.

SYMBIOSIS 1325 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Jungle Myna feeding on fruits of Premna benghalensis.

id request Premna: 3 images.
Please check the attached images of Premna, looking for species… as it differs from barbata.

Captured-  Srinagar Garhwal Uk.
alt 900m.
8 june 2021

Premna mollisssima

already checked but there is no distribution of the same in UK, HP, and JK as per POWO.

Ok, Is there distribution of Premna corymbosa

Yes no doubt POWO Don’t have distribution of  Premna mollissima but flora of Garhwal shows its distribution in the area.

According to Flora of Garhwal.. there are P. barbata, P. herbacea, P. interrupta, P. latifolia in the same region.
So it may be P. mollissima for me, I think … Sir can help.

Was it planted ?

To me appears close to images and details at Premna bengalensis C.B.Clarke as per comparative images at Premna

oh yes! it appears P.bengalensis. no doubt POWO doesn’t show its distribution in WH but it seems close to bengalensis. … Sir may help us, as this is not in Flora of Garhwal UK.

thank you … for unearthing. attaching one more image of the same.

Was I planted or wild?

Wild Sir.