India (I) ; Arunachal Pradesh; Assam ; Bihar; Delhi; Himachal Pradesh; Karnataka; Kerala ; Manipur; Meghalaya ; Mizoram ; Nagaland; Punjab ; Sikkim ; Tamil Nadu ; Tripura ; Uttar Pradesh; West Bengal & other countries as per ILDIS;

Images by Muthu Karthick, N.

Please help me to identify this Cassia sp. This shrub is commonly seen in the open and disturbed areas of wet forest and along roads. I think this plant is an exotic.
Flower size is about 4 cm across and pods about 15 cm long.


Close to Cassia laevigata.


It also somewhat resembles Senna sophera http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Sophera%20Senna.html


It may be Senna septemtrionalis (Viv.) Irwin & Barneby, var. septemtrionalis a native of tropical Africa, introduced and grown along fences in the High Ranges


 India Biodiversity Portal mentions Senna septemtrionalis var. pubescens along road sides in disturbed forests in Southern Western Ghats


Cassia laevigata Willd. is a syn. of Senna septemtrionalis (Viv.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby               


This small tree is Cassia leavigata Willd. (syn.: Senna septumtrionalis (Viv.) Irwin & Barneby ) as per MOBOT. Thank you all for the identification.
Senna septemtrionalis (Viv.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby; SN April 14, 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2).
Senna septemtrionalis (Viv.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby, (= Cassia laevigata Willd., Adipera laevigata (Willd.) Britton & Wilson),
Fam : Caesalpiniaceae,
Wild shrub in Ooty hill station, Tamilnadu.


Image by Aarti S. Khale
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSCN6546.JPG 

Cassia for ID: 150310-AK-2 : 23 posts by 10 authors. Attachments (1).

Date/Time : 23rd of October, 2008/ 10.02 AM
Location Place : Kodaikanal … Altitude : 2100 meters
… GPS :
Habitat : Wild … Type :
Plant Habit : Shrub … Height : … Length :
Leaves Type : … Shape : … Size :
Inflorescence Type : … Size :
Flowers Size : about 1 inch … Colour : Yellow …


Is this any species of Cassia sp?


Could be Senna sophera.    


Thank you … its indeed Senna sophera (L.) Roxb. I really forgot the name thanks for making me remember again.


Decidedly a Senna (formerly Cassia), possibly S. ligustrina.


Can you please tell me why are u suggesting Senna ligustrina instead of S sophera? I don’t the difference between the two kindly update me if possible.


I am not familiar with S. sophera. S. ligustrina has similarly shaped leaflets, is common locally in FL (USA). If the former is more common, I will differ to the local species and experts familiar with it.


this doesnt seems to Senna sophera.
i have collected S. sophera from Mumbai ill upload it seperate mail.


I have also observed this shrub from Kodai kanal. the fruit are cylindric abt 10 cm long, but it is definately not S. sophera.


please find some pic of the fruit and leaf. Attachments (4)


Looks like Senna sophera only! http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Sophera%20Senna.html


Yes … this is Senna sophera.


just go to the description from the above link

The larger leaves are 7-18 cm long, usually with 6-8 pairs of leaflets, the largest blades are lancelike or ovate-acuminate and up to 7 x 2 cm“. where as our plant has only 3 pairs of leaflets
the plant in this link seems to be misidentified. 
please check out following link for senna sophera
i have collected senna sophera from Mumbai. pls find a few pic of those
the plant in question seems to be very different (also check Cooke flora where the leaf lets are 6-10 pairs).


If anyone has access to Dr.V.Singh’s ‘Monograph on Indian Subtribe Cassiinae (Caesalpiniaceae)’, the plant will be easily identified without any ambiguity. The keys are very simple and easy that with any stage of plant, you can identify it correctly!


Is it possible to find the correct id for this Cassia from Kodaikanal?
This was posted a long ago on Eflora.


The plant in question is Senna occidentalis (L.) Link. Cassia occidentalis is the synonym.
Common name is Coffee Senna, coffeeweed, Negro coffee. The seed is bitter and has purgative properties. It is also used as a diuretic, liver detoxifier, as a hepato-tonic (balances and strengthens the liver). Further, used in whooping cough and convulsion.


This was a very long pending post of mine.
I am so glad to have finally got the id.
Thanks a lot for the efforts taken.


Thanks for revisiting this thread.
Please also check it for Senna septemtrionalis.


Thanks for a possible id.
You experts kindly decide and let me know.
I am completely confused.


If your picture and the pictures of … are of same species it is Senna septemtrionalis (Viv.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
It is also found in Uttarakhand and young pods are used as vegetable.


The flowers have more resemblance to S.occcidentalis. Even the leaves shape looks like that. However, it is very difficult to confirm my ID in view of the opinion of other two taxonomy experts. Need to check few more aspects like the full view of the foliage, leaves, fruits etc. before arriving at a proper ID. Let us wait.  


May I request you to forward this posting to Prof. Narasimhan, Professor of Taxonomy, Madras Christian College, who is an authority on Tamil Nadu flora. His email ID is : ... I donot know whether he would respond, since he is a very busy person. Try any how. I used to interact with him personally when I was in Chennai.


Thanks for possible ids.
Unfortunately, I have only one picture and haven’t checked … pictures.

Cassia floribunda Cav.; Descr. 132, 1802 from Morni Hill Area
shrub about5-6 feet high, Leaves paripinnate, Leaflets 3-5 pairs, Inflorescence 4-10-flowered, Sepals and petal not equal
Pls validate


Yes, … Senna septemtrionalis


I think the entry in FOI as Senna floribunda is actually senna septemtrionalis

i had recorded this plant from Munnar, Kerala …it was identified as S. floribunda
I still do not know what it was. Trying to find out differences between Senna X floribunda and S. septemtrionalis
Link to cabi article gives nomenclatural history, while last jstor link goes into details and key. 


 

Senna floribunda in FOI : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Images of Senna floribunda in FOI should be of Senna septemtrionalis as per images and details herein, as pointed out by Rakesh ji in Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) Week: Cassia floribunda from Morni Hill Area
Pl. correct.


Thanks …! Corrected!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *