Celtis philippensis Blanco, Fl. Filip. 197 1837. (syn: Bosea trinervia Roxb.; Celtis brevinervis (Blume) Planch.; Celtis brownii Rendle; Celtis collinsae Craib; Celtis djungiel (Blume) Planch.; Celtis hasseltii (Blume) Planch.; Celtis insularis Rendle; Celtis laurifolia (Blume) Planch.; Celtis mauritiana Planch.; Celtis mindanaensis Elmer; Celtis multifolia Elmer ex Merr. [Invalid]; Celtis philippensis var. consimilis J.-F. Leroy; Celtis philippensis var. wightii (Planch.) Soepadmo; Celtis strychnoides Planch.; Celtis trinervia (Roxb.) Koord. [Illegitimate]; Celtis wightii Planch.; Solenostigma brevinerve Blume; Solenostigma consimile Blume; Solenostigma djungiel Blume (Unresolved); Solenostigma hasseltii Blume (Unresolved); Solenostigma laurifolium Blume (Unresolved); Solenostigma mauritianum Blume (Unresolved); Solenostigma wightii Blume (Unresolved));
Vernacular names : Tamil: Vellai thovarai, Kalluviri, Pinari, kodalimuriki Malayalam: Bhoothakkali, Kalluveera, Peenari, Vellakkuyyan, Bhutha, Manalli

Trees, to 25 m high, bark pale green or grey with black streaks inside, covered with lenticels; blaze speckled with black and yellow; branchlets pubescent. Young foliage pink. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules lateral, elliptic-ovate; petiole 4-15 mm, slender, pubescent; lamina 6-12 x 2-6 cm, ovate, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, base round or acute, apex acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; 3-nerved from the base, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers polygamous, yellow, in axillary puberulous cymes, usually on new shoots; male flowers usually at the basal part and female flowers on the upper side; tepals 5, 2 x 1 mm, ovate, concave, ciliate, membranous; stamens 5, free, inserted round a woolly torus; ovary superior, sessile, ovoid, 1 mm, 1-celled; style 8 mm long, pubescent. Fruit a drupe 7 x 5 mm, ovoid, smooth.

Flowering and fruiting: March-June
Dry deciduous and shola forests
Indo-Malesia to Australia and Tropical Africa
(From India Biodiversity Portal (Celtis philippensis Bl. var. wightii (Planch.) Soep.)

Alagarkoil 300713 TBN for id : Attachments (1 + 3 + 1 + 5). 16 posts by 4 authors.
Please identify this plant details of which are as follows:
Date : 25.07.13                                                             
Location :alagarkoil forest 20 km n of madurai
Altitude :700 to 1000 ft
Habitat :wild
Habit :tree
Height :20 to 30 ft
Leaves :elliptic trinerved
Flowers :pinkish orange
Fruits : berry
Can it be Celtis sp

Sending a few more photographs. c and d are of a different but same type of tree.

Wild guess, Dendropthoe falcata, but I may be wrong

Thanks for the suggestion, … The entire tree was like this only. It did not look like an epiphyte.
I shall try to send a better photograph.

Resending this again for your valuable suggestions. Can it be related to Trema orientalis?. Attaching additional photo.

I have also spotted the same plant in E.ghats at Velugonda hills. It is a moderate sized tree, looks like celtis. but the flowers are different. attaching 2 images.

Thanks for taking this up again. Attaching further images of a different tree of the same type photographed today. No flowers today. Saw three or four specimens in Alagarkoil, Periaaruvi valley. Not uncommon in Alagarkoil.
… specimen seems to be having stipules, whereas the specimen from Alagarkoil does not show them. Please clarify.
I have received a private message that it could be Celtis cinnamomea. Your comments please.

The photo matches with Celtis philippensis. There are different varieties also.

Please convey my thanks to Kunhikannanji for the id. If it is C philippensis, which variety could it be? It doesn’t seem to match with var. wightii nor with philippensis.

Have you closely observed the specimen, young foliage may be red; branchlets pubescent; leaves glabrous, coriaceous; 3-nerved from the base, intercostae scalariform, prominent.;flowers very minute; Fruit a
drupe 7 x 5 mm, ovoid, smooth, young fruits beaked, pubescent; for some time during the development of fruit they look like flowers because all floral parts remain fresh; there is every chance to be mislead as flowers;
then it should be Celtis philippensis Bl. var. wightii (Planch.) Soep.

Is this tree, Strchynos? 311209MK1 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Kindly help to identify this tree. I suspect this as Strychnos potatorum of Loganiaceae; common in river banks.
Place: Scrub forests of Satyamangalam, Eastern Ghats.
Date: 10 Dec 2009

Perhaps a species of Celtis!

Please find plant ID for link below:

Celtis philippensis Blanco
Leaf symmetric or weakly asymmetric, and margins seem to be entire. In attached images leaves are strictly alternate in zig-zag branches, whereas in Strychnos potatorum leave are always opposite.

Akala Gavi :: Celtis FOR VALIDATION :: DVFEB10/43 : 6 posts by 2 authors. 4 images.
Akala Gavi Yellapur, Karnataka
Date: 25 MAY 2013 … Altitude: about 580 m asl
¿ Celtis ?

Could this be some species of Celtis ?
These pictures may not be sufficient to get to ID of species; will be happy to get genus ID.

Celtis species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)

It looks like Celtis only

I get a feeling this Celtis could be C. cinnamomea.

Please find the plant ID for link below:

Much closer to:
Celtis philippensis Blanco
Leaf symmetric or weakly asymmetric, margins entire.

Many thanks … for resurfacing this post with … diagnosis.
Thank you very much … for the better possible ID.


ID Kannur 14/7/22: 1 very high res. image.
Please identify this shrub from Kannur district of Kerala. Only fruits are available.


Appears close to images at Celtis philippensis Blanco




The Plant List  GRIN   Flora of China  India Biodiversity Portal (Celtis philippensis Bl. var. wightii (Planch.) Soep.) India Biodiversity Portal (Celtis philippensis Blanco)  Biotik (Celtis philippensis Bl. var. wightii (Planch.) Soep.)