Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov., Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 41 1903. (Syn: Cenchrus clandestinus (Hochst. ex Chiov.) Morrone; Pennisetum inclusum Pilg.; Pennisetum longistylum var. clandestinum (Chiov.) Leeke; (≡) Kikuyuochloa clandestina (Hochst. ex Chiov.) H. Scholz);
Culms densely tufted, matty, prostrate, and stoloniferous, to 3(15)cm. Leaf-blades involute or flat, 1.5-5(12) x 0.2-0.4(0.6) cm., glabrescent, scaberulous on margins; ligule a rim of dense cilia, to 0.15 cm. Plants dioecious. Racemes of 2-4-spikelets, enclosed almost completely by uppermost leaf-sheaths. Spikelets linear-lanceolate, to 1.5 cm; terminal spikelets pedicelled, others(sub)sessile; involucral bristles unequal, to 1.2 cm, scabrid. Lower glume minute, to 0.05 cm; upper glume ovate-acuminate, to 0.8 cm, membranous; lower lemma lanceolate, to 1.5 cm, membranous, epaleate. Upper lemma similar to lower lemma, to 1.3 cm; palea linear-lanceolate, to 1.2 cm. Style long-exserted, to 4 cm. Stamens 3; filaments to 3 cm.
Grown as fodder/lawn grass
Native of East Africa
The tropical grass species Pennisetum clandestinum is known by several common names, most often kikuyu grass, as it is native to the region of East Africa that is home to the Kĩkũyũ tribe.
Because of its rapid growth and aggressive nature, it is categorised as a noxious weed in some regions.
However, it is also a popular garden lawn species in Australia, South Africa and Southern California because it is inexpensive and drought-tolerant. In addition, it is useful as pasture for livestock grazing and serves as a food source for many avian species, including the Long-tailed Widowbird.
The flowering culms are very short and “hidden” amongst the leaves, giving this species its specific epithet (clandestinum).
Pennisetum clandestinum is a rhizomatous grass with matted roots and a grass-like or herbaceous habit. The leaves are green, flattened or upwardly folded along the midrib, 10-150 millimetres long, and 1-5 mm wide. The apex of the leaf blade is obtuse. It occurs in sandy soil and reaches a height of between 70 to 150 millimetres. The species favours moist areas and frequently becomes naturalised from introduction as a cultivated alien. Rooted nodes send up bunches of grass blades.
It is native to the low-elevation tropics of Kenya and environs, where it grows best in humid heat, such as the wet coastal areas.
(From Wikipedia on 19.9.13)
Flora of Chakrata 2013- Grass for id : Attachments (7). 6 posts by 3 authors.
This small herb was shot from the area.. male and female flowers borne on separate plants..
I hope this is a Grass.. please provide id help..
It is Pennisetum clandestinum an introduced grass, native of Africa (see Bor, 1960).
Very interesting clandestine spikelets which seldom flowers. Interesting photos.
Pennisetum clandestinum from Uttarakhand: Aug_DSR_1 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2).
Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov. (=Cenchrus clandestinus) is a striking grass when flowering. The stamens are very long and exserted.
It is an introduced grass and have naturalized in some temperate areas of Uttarakhand making compact carpets.
Here photographed near Kalamuni, Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand).
The Plant List GRIN (In bold at the top) India Biodiversity Portal Wikipedia Pennisetum clandestinum – IUCN Invasive Species Specialist Group