Photinia integrifolia Lindl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 13(1): 103-104 103 1821. (Syn: Eriobotrya integrifolia (Lindl.) Kurz; Photinia integrifolia var. notoniana (Wight & Arn.) J.E. Vidal; Photinia integrifolia var. yunnanensis T.T. Yu; Photinia notoniana Wight & Arn.; Photinia sambuciflora W.W. Sm.; Photinia scandens Stapf; Stranvaesia scandens (Stapf) Hand.-Mazz.);
S. China to Tropical Asia: Assam, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, West Himalaya as per POWO;
China (W-Guangxi, Guizhou, W-Yunnan), SE-Tibet, Bhutan, India, Myanmar [Burma] (Chin, Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing), Nepal, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam, Khasia, Mishmi hills, Java, peninsular Malaysia (Gunung Ulu Kali, Pahan), Lesser Sunda Isl. as per Catalogue of Life;
Common name: Himalayan Chokeberry • Kannada: bikki, kaddibikki, kodabikki • Khasi: dieng khawsohriew, dieng sohlarmaw • Nepali: गजफूल Gajaphool, लहरे बाक्ले पाते Lahare Baakle Paate

Vernacular names: Tamil: Soluvan Malayalam: Choluvanmaram; Kalappamaram Kannada: Koda-bikki; Kodibikki

Trees, to 10 m high; bark reddish-brown. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules subulate, lateral, deciduous; petiole 25-32 mm, stout, glabrous, grooved above; lamina 6-13 x 5-7.5 cm, elliptic, or obovate, base acute or oblique, apex obliquely acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 10-14 pairs, slender, parallel, faint, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, pinkish-white, in much branched terminal corymbs; peduncle, branches of inflorescence and pedicels with a cover of short appressed hairs; bracteoles absent; calyx tube adnate to the ovary; lobes 5, short, persistent; petals 5, spreading, claws of the petals glabrous; stamens 20, inserted on the mouth of the calyx; ovary half inferior, densely pilose at apex, 2-3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; styles 2 to 3, more or less connate at base; stigma truncate. Fruit a drupe, reddish-purple with 2 pyrenes each in a crustaceous endocarp; seeds compressed, pointed at both ends.  
Flowering and fruiting: December-April
Shola forests
India and Sri Lanka
(From India Biodiversity Portal (Photinia integrifolia Lindl. var. sublanceolata syn. Photinia notoniana Wt. & Arn.)


Nilgiris: Liane for identification 020913MK02 : Attachments (4). 4 posts by 2 authors.
Please help me to identify this large shrub found in the evergreen forests of Nilgiris.
The leaves were up to 15cm long.
Date: 16 July 2013
Alt.: 2000 m asl
Place: Kothagiri, Nilgiris, TN

This is Photinia integrifolia Lindl. from Rosaceae.


India Biodiversity Portal (Photinia integrifolia Lindl. var. sublanceolata syn. Photinia notoniana Wt. & Arn.) & Biotik (Photinia integrifolia Lindl. var. sublanceolata syn. Photinia notoniana Wt. & Arn.) mention Photinia integrifolia Lindl. var. sublanceolata, while none of the following links talk of this variety:

Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (Photinia integrifolia Lindl., Also syn. Photinia eugenifolia Lindl., Pyrus integerrima D. Don)

Flora of China (Photinia integrifolia Lindl.)

The Plant List


Request for ID: 300110-AK-3 : 10 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1).

Picture taken on the 25th of October,08 at SHRIL, Kodaikanal.
Could it be Brazilian Pepper?

This Plant is indeed Brazilian Pepper [Schinus terebinthifolius; Family: Family – Anacardiaceae] . I support your identification of this plant. Please see in this link  hope you find the same plant…….

Don’t think this is Brazilian Pepper.

It could be syzygium sp

It looks to me Photinia integrifolia var. sublanceolata.

It seems to be Photinia sp. (Rosaceae).


Rosaceae Fortnight : Tree For ID : Kodaikanal : 09SEP15 : AK-21 : 21/23 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)

A very old post from Kodaikanal.
Reposting under Family Fortnight.
Photinia integrifolia var. sublanceolata suggested by …
Photinia sp. (Rosaceae) suggested by …
Also suggested to be Syzygium Species.


ID please- Shillong- BR10- 120416 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Image from google drive- Not visible now.
I am sending herewith the pictures of some plants, collected from Shillong, Meghalaya. It will greatful if these specimens get identified.

Embelia sp., I guess.

Photinia integrifolia


ID please- Shillong- BR9- 100416 : 3 posts by 1 author.  Image from google drive.
I am sending herewith the pictures of some plants, collected from Shillong, Meghalaya. It will greatful if these specimens get identified.

Sir, It is Photinia ap. (Rosaceae); most probably P. notoniana


SK699 05 AUG-2017:ID : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (10)

Location: Godawari, Nepal
Altitude:5000 ft.
Date: 22 June 2017 
Is it same as SK692 01 AUG-2017:ID  ??

Yes, appears similar as per images at SK692 01 AUG-2017:ID
Fruits appear of Rosaceae as per …

Please check Photinia integrifolia

Thank you for the ID.
Nepali Names : गजफूल Gajaphool / लहरे बाक्लेपाते Lahare Baaklepaate

SK692 01 AUG-2017:ID : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (8)
Location: Nagarkot, Nepal
Altitude:6600 ft.
Date: 20 June 2017 

Fruits appear of Rosaceae

Rosaceae so far in efi

Cotoneaster ???

Is it same ? – efi thread

I think similar to your another post identified as Photinia integrifolia


Id Request- Munnar- PKA11 : 11 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)- around 400 kb each.
This small tree was seen at Top-Station near Munnar.
Requesting ID..

Litsea floribunda. Leaf pictures would have helped to confirm I’d.

Inflorescence and leaf do not associate with Litsea or species related to Lauraceae.

Please check Wendlandia thyrsoidea.

Pittosporum sp.

I’d as Photinia integrifolia var. sublanceolata (Rosaceae) by … appears to be correct.


SK667 23 JUL-2017:ID : 8 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

Location: Shivapuri National Park, Nepal
Altitude: 7000 ft.
Date: 22 July 2017

I think you have posted similar plant earlier. May I request you to pl. recall the id ?

Tried but could not !

Any idea about family ?

I think looks different from images at Photinia integrifolia 

I guess it is matching. Photinia integrifolia Lindl.

On further checking looks Ok as per Photinia integrifolia



SK 2655 09 July 2020 : 11 posts by 2 authors. 9 images- 5 to 7 mb each.
Location: Suryabinayak, Bhaktapur
Date: 07 July 2020
Elevation: 1500 m.
Habit : Wild
Photinia integrifolia Lindl. ?? Does not this look different?

I think matches with images at Photinia integrifolia


tree from Phenk (Nagaland) 7 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1) – 3 mb.
Please identify the tree from Phenk (Nagaland)

Appears to be from Rosaceae

Photinia integrifolia Lindl. ??

Thanks, …, for the id.
Yes, appears close to Photinia integrifolia as per images and details herein.


SK1154 29 MAY 2018 : 8 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)- around 600 kb each. 

Location : Lava, Kalimpong, India
Date : 11 May 2018
Elevation :  6800 ft.
Habit : Wild

Photinia integrifolia Lindl.  ??

Looks different from images at Photinia integrifolia 

Someone suggested it to be Skimmia sp. but I did not find any match. However, stamen count, which is 20 in number, is matching to P. intregifolia.

Yes, it is most probably Photinia integrifolia.

MS, Feb.,2023/01 Climber for id: 3 images.
Location : Ailawng, Mizoram

Altitude : ca.1,100 m.
Date : 02-02-2023
Habit : Climber
Habitat : Wild. Climbed on the tree.

It is difficult to see images in detail when trying to enlarge. Can you please send high resolution images ?

Please check  Photinia integrifolia Lindl 

Pl. post high res. images to check the details.

1 high res. image.

Here are the differences between the two as per Flora of China:

Stranvaesia nussia (Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don) Decaisne  Photinia integrifolia Lindley
Trees to 5–9 m tall. Branchlets purplish brown when old, terete, densely pilose when young, gradually glabrescent, subglabrous when old. Petiole ca. 1 cm, pilose; stipules caducous, lanceolate, membranous; leaf blade oblanceolate or obovate-lanceolate, 6–8 × 2–3.5 cm, veins 10–12 pairs, abaxially pilose along veins, adaxially initially pilose, glabrescent, base cuneate, margin irregularly obtusely dentate, apex acute. Compound corymbs terminal, 6–9 × 8–12 cm, many flowered; rachis and pedicels densely pilose; bracts 4–6 mm, pubescent. Pedicel 5–10 mm. Flowers ca. 1 cm in diam. Hypanthium campanulate, abaxially pilose. Sepals triangular-lanceolate, 2.5–4 × 2.5–3 mm, margin entire, apex acute. Petals oblong or elliptic, 4–6 × 3–5 mm, base shortly clawed and barbate, apex emarginate. Stamens 20; filaments unequal in length, slightly shorter than sepals. Ovary semi-inferior, (4- or)5-loculed; styles (4 or)5, connate for ca. 1/2 length, base densely pubescent. Fruit orangish red, compressed-globose, ca. 8 mm in diam., pubescent when young, glabrate; sepals incurved; seeds 1 or 2 per locule.

Mixed forests; 500–2800 m. SE Xizang, Yunnan [NE India, N Laos, N Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, N Thailand]. 

Trees evergreen, 5–7 m tall. Branchlets brown, terete, glabrous, blackish gray when old, with scattered suborbicular or oblong lenticels. Petiole (1–)2–4 cm, glabrous; leaf blade oblong, lanceolate, or oblanceolate, 6–12 × 3–5 cm, leathery, veins 12–17 pairs, both surfaces glabrous, base cuneate, rarely rounded, margin entire, apex acute or shortly acuminate. Compound corymbs terminal, much branched, 7–12 × 8–15 cm, many flowered; rachis and pedicels glabrous, rarely puberulous. Pedicel 3–5 mm. Flowers 4–5(–8) mm in diam. Hypanthium cupular, 1–1.5 mm, abaxially glabrous. Sepals broadly triangular, 1–1.5 mm, apex obtuse. Petals white or yellowish, orbicular, 1–2 mm in diam., glabrous, base shortly clawed. Stamens 20, nearly as long as or slightly longer than petals. Ovary pilose apically; styles 2, shorter than or nearly as long as stamens. Fruit purplish red, subglobose, 5–6 mm in diam., glabrous. Fl. May–Jun, fr. Sep–Oct. 2n = 34.

Evergreen forests; 1200–2700 m. W Guangxi, Guizhou, SE Xizang, W Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam].

Going by above, I think it is


POWO  Catalogue of Life 

The Plant List 1  The Plant List 2  GRIN (Photinia integrifolia Lindl.) 

Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (Photinia integrifolia Lindl., Also syn. Photinia eugenifolia Lindl., Pyrus integerrima D. Don)

Flora of China (Photinia integrifolia Lindl.)
Flowers of India  Wikipedia

India Biodiversity Portal (Photinia integrifolia Lindl. var. sublanceolata syn. Photinia notoniana Wt. & Arn.)

Biotik (Photinia integrifolia Lindl. var. sublanceolata syn. Photinia notoniana Wt. & Arn.)
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (Photinia integrifolia & Photinia arguta)

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