Bridelia tomentosa Blume, Bijdr. 597 1826. (Syn: Amanoa tomentosa Baill.; Bridelia glabrifolia Merr.; Bridelia lancifolia Roxb.; Bridelia nayarii P.Basu; Bridelia phyllanthoides W.Fitzg.; Bridelia rhamnoides Griff.; Bridelia tomentosa var. chinensis Müll.Arg.;  Bridelia tomentosa var. chinensis (Müll. Arg.) Gehrm.; Bridelia tomentosa var. eriantha Airy Shaw; Bridelia tomentosa var. glabrescens Benth.; Bridelia tomentosa var. glabrifolia (Merr.) Airy Shaw; Bridelia tomentosa var. lancifolia (Roxb.) Müll.Arg.; Bridelia tomentosa var. nayarii (P.Basu) Chakrab., M.Gangop. & N.P.Balakr.; Bridelia tomentosa var. ovoidea Benth.; Bridelia tomentosa var. rhamnoides (Griff.) Müll.Arg.; Bridelia tomentosa var. trichadenia Müll.Arg.; Bridelia urticoides Griff.; Phyllanthus loureiroi Müll.Arg. [Illegitimate]);
Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia as per POWO;


Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub about 1-4 m tall.
Leaf blades about 3.7-9 x 2-6 cm, petioles about 3-6 mm long. Lateral veins about 7-13, curving but not forming distinct loops inside the blade margin. Stipules short, filiform.
Numerous flowers in each fascicle. Calyx lobes about 1.5-2 x 0.5-0.9 mm. Petals small and inconspicuous, about 0.5-0.6 x 0.4-0.5 mm. Anther filaments about 0.4-0.6 mm long, anthers globose, about 0.5 x 0.4 mm. Styles about 0.4-0.9 mm long, each style with two stigmatic branches.
Fruits globular, about 6-7 x 4-6 mm, calyx persistent at the base of the fruit. Seeds about 3-5 mm long, +/- hemispherical, enclosed in a bony endocarp. Cotyledons curved, about 2.5-3 mm long, wider than the radicle. Radicle

If there are hairs on the leaves then it is var. tomentosa, othewise var. glabrescence.  It is not recorded for the state of Karnataka.


ID Please:
Please help me with the of this tree clicked in Nagpur in May 2011.The tree was about 8-10m tall. Due to the height of its leaves and the surroundings, I could not manage to take descriptive pictures. No flowering was observed. I hope these pictures will help in its identification.

This could be a species of Bridelia.

I think it is Bridelia, too (due to the simple leaves and closely parallel lateral nerves).

Tree For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 121213 : AK-14 :  Attachments (3). 5 posts by 3 authors.
A medium size tree with green berry like fruits seen on 24/11/13.
Id please.

Adding a cropped picture

Bridelia tomentosa, Blume <=> Pop Gun Seed Tree
I think i sent a wrong one before.

Thanks for the id.
This seems to be the right one.

Zizyphus sp (?) from Assam-Jan 2014 :  Attachments (6). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Attached images may be Zizyphus sp. . Please ID the plant.
Date :30.12.2013
Location: Assam
Family :Rhamnaceae (?)
Genus & species :Zizyphus sp (?)
Habitat: Grows wild on foot of the hill.
Habit : Small tree

Why not a sp. of Bridelia of Phyllanthaceae ?
B. tomentosa ? / B. sikkimensis ?

… gave right suggestion. The identity here is Bridelia tomentosa Blume var. tomentosa of the family Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae sensu lato.

Thank You, … for validating the ID as Bridelia tomentosa Blume var. tomentosa 
It seems, intra-specific variations are much in this taxon. I can even see a variety described by your team !


Typical Bridelia tomentosa Blume (Phyllanthaceae) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Common bushy shrubs or small trees all over the Andaman Islands in inland forests and thickets.


MS Feb, 2020 /06 Bridelia sp. for ID. :  11 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Location : Kolasib, Mizoram

Date : 12-02-2020
Habit : Shrub or small tree
Habitat : Wild

B. montana,

This is Bridelia sikkimensis. Please match with my post in efi on the same.

Thanks, … Leaves in images at Bridelia sikkimensis as well as at GBIF look broader than posted images.
Hi, …, May I request you to pl. post high resolution images.

Sir, another Bridelia sp. is again sending herewith for necessary action.
Attachments (1)- 5 mb. 

May I request you to pl. have a re-look.
Images of Bridelia tomentosa at Zizyphus sp (?) from Assam-Jan 2014 looks more closer to this plant.

Bridelia sikkimensis


I have now seen all the concerned images including those at Zizyphus.
Well, Bridelia tomentosa  is characterized by the usually narrow leaves, tapering towards apex, the pubescent branchlets, petioles and leaves on the undersurface. The fruits are sessile, globose to subglobose, 4.5-7 mm in diameter, 2-locular, often slightly bilobed. There is a less common variety, var. glabrescens which does not occur in mainland India. As regards the images listed under B. tomentosa as well as Zizyphus (as per your link) have pubescence. The image by … is also showing traces of hairs on petioles and branchlets which can be clarified through an image of higher resolution. Hence, this may also be B. tomentosa var. tomentosa.
I am attaching herewith two images of typical B. sikkimensis for comparison.
Attachments (2)


IDENTITY : 60 a, 60 b, 60 c: 3 images.
Attaching three images of a small wild plant for identification please.

Might be Ficus.

May not be ficus

May be Ficus heterophylla….?

F. heterophylla fruit. Please compare with red circled image from mail

I tried but not getting convinced as per images at Ficus heterophylla

I too think this is no Ficus, looks like the species bears true fruits. Somewhat resembles Phyllanthus of Euphorbiaceae. But, then I am not sure either!

bridelia sp???

I think yes.

This is Bridelia sikkimensis or very near to it.

I think it is a Ficus. If the plant is still accessible, please cut open the ‘fruit’ and confirm it.

This should be Bridelia tomentosa Blume, please check for this species.
Leaves simple, not compound, fruits in axillary, leaves entire, leaf-venations appearing percurrent.

Now, following the lead by …, all lines are converging into Bridelia. However, this cannot be B. tomentosa, even var. glabrifolia, because the tertiary nerves are very prominent on the upper surface of the leaves and the drupes are neither depressed, nor bilobed. I am still suggesting this to be close to B. sikkimensis and may even represent a novelty!

As per images lateral nerves of leaves terminating directly at margins and are craspedodromous (B. tomentosa).
Whereas in B. sikkimensis lateral nerves not terminating directly at margins and are either brochidodromous or semicraspedodromous.

For your sharp observations. The images are of low resolution and I myself tried but failed to determine the ending of the lateral nerves. I have already emphasized the need for further studies in this case.


Request Tree ID 139 – Lalbagh, Bangalore – RA:

It may be a Bridelia species (B. stipularis?).

It could be some species of Bridelia or Cleistanthus

efi thread – I was wondering if this is Bridelia tomentosa

Bridelila retusa

I think Bridelia tomentosa Blume, as per images and details herein.




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