Scolopia crenata (Wight & Arn.) Clos, Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 4, 8: 248 (1857). (Syn: Flacourtia crenata Wall.; Flacourtia sapida Wall.; Phoberos crenatus Wight & Arn.; Phoberos lanceolatus Wight & Arn.; Phoberos wightianus Wight & Arn.; Rhamnicastrum crenatum (Wall.) Kuntze; Scolopia crenata var. brevifolia N. Mukherjee; Scolopia pseudocrenata Clos; Scolopia wightiana Clos) as per Catalogue of Life;
India (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sri Lanka, Andamans (Middle Andamans, South Andamans) as per Catalogue of Life;
Tamil: Charalu, Heccaralu, Hitterloo, Hitterlu, Kodalimaram, Purushakesari Malayalam: Caralu, Charalu Kannada: Chiralu, Japle, Kodali mara, Malekakkade English: Potato plum of mysore
Evergreen trees, to 15 m high, armed with thorns, spines often branched; bark greyish-brown, flaking off in irregular thick scales; blaze yellow with pink tinge; branchlets with transverse lenticels. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 8-15 mm, slender, glabrous; lamina 5-14 x 2.5-6 cm, lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate, ovate or obovate, base rounded or acute, apex abruptly acuminate, caudate-acuminate or acute margin crenate or serrate, glabrous, coriaceous, 3-5-ribbed from the base, lateral nerves 3-8 pairs, pinnate, faint, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, 1.5 cm across, white, in axillary racemes of 5-7 cm long; rachis ferrugineous tomentose; pedicel 6 mm long, puberulus; sepals 4-6, 3 x 2 cm, ovate, ciliate; petals 4-6, 1.5 mm long, oblong, glabrous; stamens numerous, free; anthers 1 mm long; connective produced into a reddish hood; disc extra-staminal, glandular pubescent; ovary one celled, few ovuled; style 4 mm long, thick, grooved; stigma 3-fid. Fruit a berry, globose, 10 x 8 mm across, with persistent style; seeds few.
Flowering and fruiting: October-April
Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
Meghamalai 171113 TBN 1 for id : Attachments (3). 7 posts by 3 authors.
Please identify this plant details of which are as follows:
Date : 18.08.12
Location :Meghamalai sanctuary, Theni dt, Tamilnadu
Altitude :middle reaches, maybe around 2000 to 3000 ft
Height :30 ft
Leaves 😕 crenate
Fruits :, ? berry
It may be Scolopia crenata of Flacourtiaceae.
Your plant looks like Scolopia crenata as suggested by … More authentic images are at BIOTIK.
Thanks … Biotik reports it from Maharashtra only. Is it so?
No …, they mentioned the distribution as Indomalaysia. I have seen this in Kodanadu (2000 msl) of Nilgiris also. A large tree.
Please help with an Id of tree species of Western Ghats, Karnataka : 6 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (3) – 1 mb each.
Medium sized tree specie
Alternate phyllotaxy, Lamina shape undulated, acuminate apex, acute base,
Inflorescence raceme, axillary
Fleshy fruit, single seeded drupe.
Captured in the roadside of Ghat section,
It could be Scolopia crenata or other species of Scolopia,
Possibility for Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch. is there.
It looks more like potato plum of Mysore: Scolopia crenata for me. Common in Western Ghats
Yes, It is Scolopia crenata
436 ID wild tree: 20 high res. images.
Please ID wild tree,
Location: near Vannappuram, Thodupuzha, Idukki Dist., Kerala PIN:685607
Flower date: 10APR2023
Habitat: wild moisture rocky shady misty sloppy hill, wind
Plant habit: tree, erect, branches, branchlets, hard woody stem 45 inches base circumference, rough brown bark
Height: 07 meters
Leaves: alternate, elliptic, acute, lite serrated margins, simple smooth glossy, size upto:12×7cm
Flower: axillary spike inflorescence, clustered, diameter:11mm, white, good fragrance
Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x
Yes, it is Scolopia crenata, dear …, thank you very much for ID my tree
Yes, as per images at
Thank you very much dear … for the ID confirmation of my tree and providing ID link