Ficus squamosa Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832 3: 531 1832. (Syn: Ficus laminosa Hardw. ex Roxb.; Ficus pyrrhocarpa Kurz; Ficus saemocarpa Miq.);
India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Meghalaya, Orissa, Tripura, Uttarakhand, W. Bengal), Bhutan, China, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand as per Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy-   Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012;

Low spreading gregarious shrub with adventitious roots. Young shoots rusty-hirsute. Leaves opposite, usually crowded at the ends of branchlets, oblanceolate to oblong or narrow lanceolate, 1.5 by 3.1-3.3 in., serrate along the upper half, membranous when young, thinly coriaceous when mature, glabrous above, slightly scabrid beneath with the midrib and the nerves strigose, lateral nerves 6-8 on either half, base 3 nerved, acute or narrowed into the petiole, margin entire, apex acuminate, petiole 0.5-1 in. long, Stipules lanceolate, Figs axillary on leafless branchlets of old stems, solitary, globose, with longitudinal ridges, covered densely with brown hairs, pedunculate. Male flowers calyx lobes 3-4, stamens 1, anthers obovoid, monandrous. Gall flowers calyx lobes transparent, perianth hyaline, ovary smooth, style lateral, short, stigma tubular. Female flowers style hairy, long, slender. Receptacles penduculate, solitary, usually axillary in clusters on old stem, pyriform, globose, verrucose, hispid with scattered bracts on the outside. Achenes ovoid. Syconus fruit.

Seeds are passed through the alimentary canals of birds and other animals that feed on the fruits.
Wasps play an important role in pollination and reproduction of this species.
Susceptible to insect pests.
Along streams of forests at around 700 m altitude.
Asia: China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Thailand.


Fwd: ID for Ficus :  5 posts by 1 author. Attachments (6).
I could not find the ID for this species of Ficus plant. It is found on the river beach of Trishuli river in Nepal.
It is a short shrub type of plant.

Only on the base of photograph very difficult to correct identified the plant.
Your photograph look like Ficus squamosa Roxb.

The photographs send by you are identified as Ficus squamosa Roxb. Thanks for referring me for identification of Ficus species. You are welcome to send any Ficus photos for identification. I shall try my level best.

Thank you for your help to identify the plant. By the way, I could not find a single picture of F squamosa Roxb in any book or web. Could you please help to send me some pictures of the plant and fruit of this plant?

Pl. see an illustration at

I am still confused. I have already seen this sketch in the web which says figure 56 as F. septica and Fig 5-7 as F squamosa which I could not find. Also, I want to see the real picture captured by others, but could find none. Does it mean that my pictures are the first real picture of F. squamosa ?

Ficus squamosa !


Regarding the id of the Ficus sp. Sambalpur Odisha: 4 high res. images.

Ficus squamosa Roxb. !

Yes, appears close to images at


Ficus squamosa Roxb.: 2 very high res. images.

Location: Panchase, Pokhara, Nepal
Date: 14 March 2024
Elevation: 882m.
Habitat: Wild


Ficus squamosa Roxb. from Assam KD 12 Mar 2024: 4 images.
Attached images are Ficus squamosa Roxb from Assam. 
Date : 28.03.24
Location: Assam
Family : Moraceae
Genus & species : Ficus squamosa Roxb
Habit : Low spreading gregarious shrub   


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