Rumex patientia L., Sp. Pl. 333 1753. (Syn: Acetosa patientia (L.) M.Gómez; Lapathum hortense Garsault [Invalid]; Lapathum hortense Lam.; Rumex callosus (F. Schmidt ex Maxim.) Rech. f.; Rumex interruptus Rech. f.Rumex patientia subsp. callosus (F. Schmidt ex Maxim.) Rech. f.; Rumex patientia var. callosus F. Schmidt ex Maxim.; Rumex patientia subsp. interruptus Rech. f.; Rumex patientia subsp. pamiricus (Rech. f.) Rech. f.; Rumex patientia subsp. tibeticus (Rech. f.) Rech. f.; Rumex patientia var. tibeticus Rech. f.; Rumex tibeticus Rech. f.);
E. Central Europe to N. Greece: Afghanistan, Albania, Assam, Austria, Bulgaria, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Manchuria, Mongolia, Nepal, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Qinghai, Romania, South European Russi, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia; Introduced into: Altay, Amur, Belgium, Central European Rus, Colombia, Connecticut, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Haiti, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Maine, Malaya, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Northwest European R, Norway, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Primorye, Québec, Rhode I., Sakhalin, Sicilia, South Dakota, Sweden, Switzerland, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming as per POWO;
Common name: Patience Dock, English spinach, Garden patience, Herb patience, Monk’s rhubarb • Ladakhi: ཤོམཱ་Shoma


Kindly help identify this Rumex species, It is called Abijin Kashmiri and its leaves are  a popular vegetable with a sour taste.
All photos in this post were taken in the last week of May 2023. Each small square of graph in the photo is 1 square millimeter
Habitat: Wild. A common weed in fields.
Habit: Herb. Flowering season April-June. Leaves lanceolate up to more than 40 cm long and 12cm broad. Flowers in whorled inflorescences, bracts reddish scaly, pedicels 3mm long. Flowers about 2mm dia hermaphrodite. Tepals 6 in two whorls. Outer whorl of 3 tepals 0.5mm broad and 1.5 mm long. Inner whorl of 3 tepals 2mm broad and 2.5mm long. Color of tepals green. Stamens 6. Anthers much longer than the filaments. Filaments 0.9mm long and  anthers yellow and nearly1.5 mm long. They hang down as in wind pollinated flowers. Ovary three lobed with 3 styles. Stigmas with long papillary cells. The 3 styles lie at an angle of 120 degrees to each other in the spaces between the inner tepals. After fertilization the 3 inner tepals grow and come close together completely enclosing the three lobed ovary. Later thick growths resembling seeds appear on these tepals perhaps to attract birds. These can become red as the fruit matures.
It differs from R.dentatus in the inner tepals not having spines. It differs from R.acetosus in having larger leaves and green flowers.
Notes on Photos:
PHOTO7: Stamens removed to show 3 styles. Note the three stigmas with papillary cells at 120 degrees to each other positioned in the spaces between the inner tepals.
PHOTO9: Flower after fertilization with inner tepals enclosing the ovary
PHOTO10: Note the thick seed like growths on the inner tepals.

To me appears close to images at
Pl. check.

Thanks a lot for the ID
I think the ID Is correct.

Some more photos:

PHOTO1: Shows seed like structures on tepals have become red.
PHOTO2: Two tepals removed to show fruit (capsule)
PHOTO 3: Cross section of fruit showing triangular outline
3 images.

One more Photo:
Apparently the fruit contains a single seed. Photo of Seed and shell of fruit from which the seed was removed is attached.

To me leaves look much broader, consider R. patiantia. Size of valves will decide, if longer than 4 mm it should be R. patientia only, it is very common in valley.

I agree with … sir…. It looks R. patiantia very common in kashmir valley and locally known as abij Or obull

Thanks so much for providing  the correct ID.
Valves are 5-6 mm.

Some interesting facts from Wikipedia regarding this plant:
It is also called monk’s rhubarb, herb patience, garden patience and patience dock in English.
As in Kashmir it is also used as a leaf vegetable (and also as a filling in pies) in Southern Europe especially in Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia and also Turkiye.
In Romania it is also sometimes used in the Romanian national dish Sarmale (Romanian Cabbage Rolls usually made with cabbage leaves rolled around a filling )

One more photo:
Photo of Pollen Grains(X675)

Two more photos:
Both photos taken on 24th June
Photo 1: Rust Red tepals enclosing mature fruit
Photo 2: Shiny red ripe fruits. Remnants of three styles are still attached

Yes, appears possible as per keys in Flora of Pakistan:

11 (10) Basal leaves oblong, up to 3 times longer than broad. R. patientia
+ Basal leaves lanceolate, more than 3 times as long as broad. R. crispus
Also see GBIF.

Thanks for confirming ID and the link.



PLANT FOR ID 135 SMP JUN 09 Lahaul Spiti: 2 images.
Last pictures from Spiti valley.
Probably Amaranthaceae member.

It is from Polygonaceae, Rumex, see ochrea
Tentatively Rumex nepalensis

Rumex angulatus Rech.f. ???

Looks different from Rumex angulatus Rech.f. as per
I think it should be Rumex patientia as per FOI.




POWO  Catalogue of Life 
The Plant List Ver.1.1  GRIN GBIF  Flora of China  Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal  Wikipedia  PFAF

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