Primula primulina (Spreng.) H. Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 37(4): 99 1962. (syn: Aleuritia pusilla (Wall.) J. Sojak; Androsace primulina Spreng.; Androsace primuloides D. Don; Primula humilis Steud.; Primula pusilla Wall.; Primula pusilla var. flabellata W.W. Sm.);
S-Tibet, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sikkim, Chumbi, Pakistani Kashmir (Karakorum), China (Sichuan) as per Catalogue of Life;
Dwarf herb often forming extensive patches. Leaves forming a basal rosette surrounded by dead leaves. Leaves spathulate to oblanceolate, 0.8-1.8 x o.3-0.5cm, acute, base attenuate, margin pinnatifid-dentate, efarinose, scabrid-pubescent on both surfaces. Peduncle slender, 1.5-7cm, sparsely farinose above, bearing a head of (1-)2-5 subsessile flowers; bracts linear-lanceolate, c 4mm. Calyx campanulate, 3-5mm, divided to middle into triangular teeth, tube 5-6mm, whitish puberlous externally, throat occluded by a dense tuft of white hairs, limb 8-10mm diameter, lobes obcordate, emarginate. Capsule ovoid, ± as long as calyx.
Peaty hummrocks and grassy banks in alpine meadows, on marshy valley floor or on cliffs and rocky slopes.
(Attributions- A.C.J Grierson & D.G Long. Flora of Bhutan. Published by RBGE and RGoB. 1999 from Bhutan Biodiversity Portal)
Fwd: Primula primulina ( Spreng.) H.Hara : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4).
Beautiful Primula. Looks very close relative of P. reptans. Never seen in alpines of Uttarakhand.
Thanks, … All the posts are wonderful, specially your photography.
A delightful & charming miniature correctly identified – note the boss (dense tuft) of white hairs in the throat which readily distinguishes it. Corolla purplish, rarely white. A member of the Minutissimae Section along with P.minutissima and P.reptans. Recorded from central Nepal (Lantang, where it is locally abundant) through Sikkim to east Bhutan and just into Tibet. Usually peaty hummocks and grassy banks in alpine meadows, on marshy valley floors or on cliffs and rocky places in Sikkim & Bhutan @ 3900-4900m. There is a record from what was Kumaon – perhaps … will be able to find other colonies in Uttarakhand during his future explorations or already has? Considered common & widespread in Eastern Himalaya in suitable habitats at these higher elevations.
Further to my recent post. This species was wrongly included in Stewart’s ‘An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Kashmir’ under its old name Primula pusilla on the basis of a Schlagintweitiana specimen from the Karakoram (Baltoro glacier). Neither Nasir (Primulaceae of Pakistan) nor I have seen the specimen(s) but we both consider this to be a misidentification. Another, even more fanciful record is Primula pulchra from Aphawat (above Gulmarg) in Records of Botanical Survey of India – cannot imagine which species which grows there this was mistaken for!
Fwd: Primula primulina in Eastern Nepal : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
References: Catalogue of Life The Plant List Ver.1.1 Tropicos IPNI Flora of China (Primula primulina (Sprengel) Hara syn: Androsace primulina Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 4(2):57. 1827; A. primuloides D. Don; Primula pusilla Wallich; P. pusilla var. flabellata W. W. Smith.) FOC illustration Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal Flowers of India Primula World India Biodiversity Portal Alpine Garden Society – Plant Encyclopaedia Primula primulina photographs Bhutan Biodiversity Portal