Alpinia nigra (Gaertn.) Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35: 213 1977. (Syn: Alpinia allughas (Retz.) Roscoe; Amomum bifidum Stokes; Amomum nigrum (Gaertn.) Raeusch.; Amomum taraca Horan.; Hellenia allughas (Retz.) Willd.; Heritiera allughas Retz.; Languas allughas (Retz.) Burkill; Languas aquatica J. König; Zingiber nigrum Gaertn.);
Indian Subcontinent to China (S. Yunnan): Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, East Himalaya, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Sri Lanka, Thailand; Introduced into: Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Kazan-retto, Ogasawara-shoto as per POWO;
Common name: Black Galangal, Wild Ginger • Bengali: Jangli Ada, Tara • Kannada: betta shunthi • Malayalam: malainschikua, malayinchikkuva, malayincikkuva • Manipuri: ꯄꯨꯜꯂꯩ Pullei • Marathi: giri-kulimjan • Mizo: Mai-sawng-nawk
Leafy stem loosely clumped, 1.5-2 m high; rhizome horizontal to 2 cm thick, dull cream inside. Leaves 30-50 x 10 cm, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, sparsely hairy below. Panicle less branched, to 15 cm long, slightly oblique to the stem, densely tomentose; bracts spathaceous. Flowers usually solitary in a bract; bracteoles tubular; calyx 1 cm long, hairy, split on one side; corolla yellowish, lobes 1.5 cm long, oblong, pubescent outside; lip 2.5 cm, obscurely 3-lobed; ovary densely pubescent. Capsule 2 cm across, glabrescent.
Flowering and fruiting: January-May
Evergreen and moist deciduous forests
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi
from India Biodiversity Portal)
Alpinia nigra (synonyms Alpinia allughas Retz. and Zingiber nigrum Gaertn.) is a medium-sized herb belonging to the ginger family. The rhizome is well known in many Asian cultures as a medicinal and culinary item. In many Asian tribal communities it is a part of the diet along with rice.
It is endemic to south-east Asia including Bhutan, China, India, Thailand, Bangladesh, Burma and Sri Lanka. In India it is found mainly in the hillocks and riversides of northeastern states such as Assam, Mizoram and Tripura.
A. nigra is a biennial herbaceous plant. It is morphologically characterized by the presence of a rhizome, simple, wide-brim leaves protected by showy bracts, and terminal inflorescences. It has a soft, leafy stem about 1.5–3 m high. Leaves are sessile or subsessile, elongated and pointed at the end. Its leaves are single cotyledons, shaped to look like a pike, about 7–9 cm wide, and about 20–40 cm long. The fruit is a berry having many seeds, and the pericarp is thin and green when it is young, becoming black and brittle when it gets old.
The inner portion of the aerial parts (pith) is cooked as a vegetable and used in curry for flavouring. The root is used for seasoning.
The rhizome is used as an aphrodisiac, tonic, diuretic, expectorant, appetizer and analgesic. It is also used in the treatment of impotence and bronchitis.
In most tribal communities the root pounded and mixed with rice whisky is applied to skin for fungal infections, such as ringworm and melasma. The boiled green root is a potent carminative to reduce flatulence or dyspepsia. A root extract is taken thrice daily for the treatment of gastric ulcers, and taken twice daily for the treatment of jaundice by the Chakmas. Its use as an antiinflammatory and analgesic agent has been supported by experiments in mice.
The rhizome, cooked or raw, has been traditionally acclaimed as a remedy for intestinal infections among the Mizo tribes of north-east India. Experimentally the crude extract was shown to be highly effective against the trematode Fasciolopsis buski.
(From Wikipedia on 22.8.14)
Arecaceae, Araceae, Zingiberaceae Fortnight 1-14 Aug 2014: Alpinia nigra (Zingiberaceae) from Uttarakhand_DSR_9 : 6 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2).
Alpinia nigra (Gaertn.) Burtt [syn. Alpinia allughas (Retz.) Roscoe] is a rare species in Uttarakhand and known from one location only.
It is an addition to eFI database.
Photographed in Pantnagar.
Superb find…any efforts to conserve this rare taxon??
Monitoring the population regularly in the wild only at present …
Nice Upload …, In India which is endemic to North-East region.
Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: Zingiberaceae: Alpinia nigra : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Please go with Alpinia nigra flower photo
Plants from Northeast Tour 2017- Alpinia for specific id from Assam : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Alpinia galanga :: TMC Biodiversity Park :: 22 APR 18 : 11 posts by 2 authors. 4 images.
TMC Biodiversity Park Thane
Date: April 22, 2018 … Altitude: about 15 m (50 feet) asl
Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd.
To me posted images look slightly different from images at Alpinia galanga
Indeed …, they look different. I went with the ID given by the gardener. I neglected verifying.
Did some searching, but could not find such pink flowered (hopefully) Alpinia or cultivar of Alpinia galanga.
Will wait for the ID.
I forgot to take a picture showing the posted plant growing in water, thus eager to know if it is Alpinia aquatica rather than A. nigra.
This is A. nigra only. A. aquatica is not a native to India.
Many thanks to …- will go with his ID; but a thought worries me – that most plants in Indian gardens are not native to India.
MS Aug.2018/03 Alpinia nigra ? for ID : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Location : Darlak, Mizoram
Date : 03-08-2018
Habit : Herb
Habitat : Wild
SYMBIOSIS : 1398 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Carpenter bee visiting flowers of Alpinia galanga.
Alpinia galangal? is that a ginger commercially available in cooch behar? picture of the bee is lovely
Thank you … This plant is locally known as PUNDI. There is a place very near to Cooch Behar named PUNDI-BARI. I heard from friends that they used to eat tender shoots of the plant in child hood. It is favorite fodder for elephants.
Thanks, I’ll check them out.
SYMBIOSIS : 1399 : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching an image of a Blue-banded bee visiting flowers of Alpinia galanga. There is a Carpenter bee also present in the image.