Osmunda acuta (Burm.f.) Fraser-Jenk., Indian Fern J. 36: 28 (2019) (syn: Osmunda capensis C.Presl ; Osmunda hilsenbergii Grev. & Hook. ; Osmunda huegeliana C.Presl ; Osmunda obtusifolia Willd. ; Osmunda regalis var. brevifolia Desv. ; Osmunda regalis var. capensis Milde ; Osmunda regalis var. huegelii Milde ; Osmunda regalis var. panigrahiana R.D.Dixit ; Osmunda schelpei A.E.Bobrov ; Osmunda transvaalensis A.E.Bobrov ; Polypodium acutum Burm.f.) as per POWO;
Osmunda hilsenbergii Grev. & Hk.in Hk., Bot. Misc. 3: 230 1833 [1 Mar 1833]. (syn: Osmunda hugeliana C.Presl, Suppl. Tent. Pterid. 64 1845.) as per efi thread;
Osmunda hilsenbergii Hook. & Grev. (syn: Osmunda capensis Presl; Osmunda obtusifolia Willd.; Osmunda regalis var. brevifolia Desv.; Osmunda regalis var. capensis (C. Presl) Milde; Osmunda regalis var. obtusifolia (Willd.) C. Chr.; Osmunda schelpei A.E. Bobrov; Osmunda transvaalensis Bobrov) as per Catalogue of Life;
Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Réunion, Mauritius, Central & S. India: Angola, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Free State, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Réunion, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe as per POWO (Osmunda acuta (Burm.f.) Fraser-Jenk.);
Osmunda huegeliana is endemic to India occurring in central and southern India. The northeastern report is in error (Chandra et al. 2008). In Tamil Nadu it is found in the Anamalai Hills and Palni Hills (Manickam and Irudayaraj 1992), and Kerala in Kakkayam (Kozhikode), Munnar and Devikolam (Idukki), Ponmudi (Thirvanathapuram), Chandanathode (Wayanad), Vagamon (Kottayam), Silent Valley (Pallakad), Tirunelli and Vythiri (Wayanad), Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary (Kannur) (Nair et al. 1992, Nayar and Geevarghese 1993, K.P. Rajesh pers. obs.).
It grows gregariously on rocky banks of streams and rivers and exposed marshy areas at high altitude, above 700 m.
The species is used as medicine (Dixit 1984).
ANJAN52 Fern for identification : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (9)
Date: 26th December 2014
further i don’t know
may be … can help or later we could ask … if he has time
I think this is Osmunda regalis
This fern is a relative of the “Royal Fern” – Osmunda regalis, of Europe. It is O. huegeliana, so named as first collected by Baron von Huegel in the early 19th Century. It is confined to C. and S. India, but interestingly its nearest relative is a species from Madagascar, and the assemblage of African species – so like a fair number of S. Indian endemics it has African connections.
Osmunda regalis L. SN June28 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2).
Osmunda regalis L. , wild fern from Bahamandala area of Coorg, Karnataka, grows in canal margins.
Forwarding again for Id assistance please as per another thread : O. regalis does not occur in India or anywhere near.
What … says is based on the older literature, such as by Beddome etc., where coarse 19th Century species concepts were employed and the two Indian species of Osmunda of the regalis group were both called “O. regalis” – rather like many Indian Dryopteris being called D.filix-mas, or Polystichum being called P. aculeatum – perhaps by homesick British foreigners!
However neither of these two species are actually O. regalis itself and they have been recognised as distinct from O. regalis for a number of decades from 20th Century studies in the 1950s onwards.
The common Himalayan plant is O. japonica and is genetically distinct as well as morphologically so. The veinlets in sterile segments are further apart and the commonest state of O. japonica is to have fully fertile or fully sterile fronds, unlike in O. regalis, and the fertile fronds are considerably shorter and smaller than the sterile ones. They also have a quite different ecology from the bog- and marsh-dwelling O. regalis of Europe, W. Asia and N.W. Africa.
But because, as documented long ago by Japanese botanists, O japonica fairly frequently throws up teratological semi-fertile fronds of various degrees of fertility, it has been confused with O. regalis, including by me earlier on. But the semi-fertile fronds in O. japonica are not like the fronds of O. regalis (which never has fully fertile fronds), as they are shorter with fewer sterile pinnae and usually show abnormalities in having semi-fertile pinnae. I have even seen some where pinnae are sterile at the top and bottom of the frond and fertile in the middle, thus superficially imitating O. cinnamomea subsp. vestita, but not hybrids, simply being abnormalities in the distribution of fertile pinnae in O. japonica.
Some botanists believing that the two species can be “defined” by fully-fertile versus semi-fertile fronds have mistaken these abnormal fronds for O. regalis – and they are the origin of some reports of O. regalis in India, though most such reports are simply based on sterile frond collections of O. japonica. But they are all merely variability in O. japonica, with O. regalis not occurring in the Indian region, but mainly a European species.
However in peninsular and southern India a distinct species occurs, O. hilsenbergii (syn.: O. huegeliana) which consistently has semi fertile sporophylls. This has therefore also been confused, perhaps with more conviction, with O. regalis – not realising that there are other species of the group in the world than just O. regalis and O. japonica. They belong to an Afro-American group including several species in S. and E. Africa (excluding the “European” part in N.W. Africa) and O. spectabilis in N. America. But they differ from O. regalis of Europe by having narrower more lanceolate fronds, smaller, narrower, oblique segments, with the pinnae and pinnules more upwardly sloping and a more delicate frond, with a shorter apical fertile area that is finer and weaker than in O. regalis. As the other writer says, it grows at the edges of lakes, canals and streams unlike O. japonica which likes damp rocks and steep banks at higher altitude. This is the plant that the other writer was thinking of from Karnataka and I have categorised it as a threatened species in India. However it, too, is not at all O. regalis, despite being the origin of many erroneous reports of O. regalis from India.
Yes, they are indeed ferns, being juvenile they are not fertile yet as young Osmunda is one of the ferns that doesn’t become fertile until fully mature (many others can be even when very small).
Assuming it is peninsular India (you must obviously mention the State at least!) it is juvenile O. hilsenbergii (= O. acuta). IC 1: 92 (2016).