Cynanchum viminale subsp. brunonianum (Wight & Arn.) Meve & Liede, Kew Bull. 67(4): 754. 2012 (syn: Sarcostemma brunonianum Wight & Arn.; Sarcostemma viminale subsp. brunonianum (Wight & Arn.) P.I.Forst.);

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India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China to Peninsula Malaysia (Langkawi), Philippines (Luzon), N. & E. Australia as per POWO;
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Common name: Leafless East-Indian Vine • Hindi: सोमा Soma, सोमलता Somlata • Kannada: braahmi, hambu balli, hambu kalli • Sanskrit: सोमा Soma, सोमलता Somlata, सोमवल्ली Somavalli • Tamil: kodikkalli, somamum • Telugu: aaku jemudu, aku jemudu
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Stem cylindrical, 3-7 mm in diameter, green, glabrous, internodes 10-20 cm long. Flowers sweet-scented in sessile many-flowered terminal umbels. Pedicels 6-12 mm long, pubescent. Bracts minute, linear-lanceolate. Sepals 5, 1-1.5 mm long, subacute, margin membranous, glandular inside near the base. Corolla campanulate, pale greenish white, divided almost to the base, lobes c.5 mm long, ovate-oblong, subacute. Outer corona crenately 10-lobed, lobes of the inner corona thick, fleshy obtuse, longer than the staminal column and concealing the anther. Staminal column very short. Pollen-masses compressed, clavate. Follicles 10-13 cm x 8 mm, lanceolate, tapering at both ends, slightly diverging when 2 together. Seeds 3-6 mm long, flattened ovate. Coma 1.8 cm long.

Flowering and fruiting: August-May
Dry deciduous forests and scrub jungles
India and Myanmar
(From India Biodiversity Portal (Sarcostemma viminale (L.R.Br.)

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ANAPR56 Sarcostemma sp. for identification : 12 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (9)

Family: Apocynaceae
Date: 19th April 2015
Place: Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu

Habit: Climber
Habitat: Deciduous forest


Following Sarcostemma species I could find in efi:
Cynanchum viminale (Syn: (=) Sarcostemma acidum (Roxb.) Voig; (≡) Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br.))
Leptadenia pyrotechnica (Syn: Sarcostemma pyrotechnicum (Forssk.) Schult.)

Oxystelma esculentum (Syn: Sarcostemma esculentum (L. f.) R.W. Holm);


This is a species of Sarcostemma. it may be S. viminale.


Thanks to … for an introduction to this genus

I have seen several others among the milkweed climbers. Oxystelma esculentum, Rosy milkweed climber is quite distinct.
As per PlantList :
  1. Cynanchum viminale (L.)  is an accepted name. and S. viminale (L) R. Br is a synonym to this species
  2. Sarcostemma acidum (Roxb.) Voigt is a (separate) accepted name;
Are these the only two milkweed climbers where  the leaves are scale-like ?
Three species are described  with few images under Sarcostemma at Flowering plants of Kerala.
The following links with Images and descriptions may  also be useful to distinguish .

  link to     Sarcostemma acidum (Roxb.)Voigt. (India)


Thanks … I actually am not certain of the various floral parts and how to describe them- corona etc. and hence am waiting for someone to tell me what it is and how it can be used to identify the species and if further details are necessary.


Please check for S. intermedium.


I have already sent my view in a personal correspondence to Anurag Ji. That particular personal correspondence covered several issues, not particularly this plant though it featured in our discussion. This is another entirely unknown genus to me. I thank Anurag ji for introducing.
I copy here what I sent him yesterday –
It is real tough. My guess is Sarcostemma brunonianum Wight & Arn. My guess is based on –
  • lateral umbels
  • canescent pedicel and calyx
  • 10 lobed outer corona (my guess is that it is the part just above the calyx, having a smaller lobe between two larger lobes
  • 5 fleshy inner corona
Please check probability, because I may be wrong, you can see how little response you have received in eFI. Please read carefully Wight’s account in all descriptions attached herewith, including that of S. viminale (in S. brevistigma?). Also check following links –

For me S intermedium as identified by … seems to be  correct. See this link as well: 

http://opendata.keystone-foundation.org/sarcostemma-intermedium-decne


Gamble differentiates S. intermedium from S. brunnonianum as follows:

1a. Umbels always terminal; pedicels glabrous or slightly puberulous — S. intermedium
1b. Umbels usually lateral; pedicels crispate villous   –-S. brunnonianum
Based on these characters your photos indicate that the plant is Sarcostemma brunnonianum.

There are other differences given by Gamble, which are not discernible in your photos.


Surajit sir, I went through the books and your links, I am afraid I still do not understand the structure well enough to realise what I am looking at when it comes to the anthers/styles etc. I can only tell where the pollinia and stigma are present.

But I will take your’s and … identification- Sarcostemma brunnonianum.

…, thank you for your help.


It was my guess only. I too can’t tell you which part of this plant-flower is what. But perhaps I can make out which one is outer corona and which one is inner, besides stigma.
The point in favour of S. viminale (brunonianum is a subspecies) is = in DSC_0061.jpg = pointed and bifid stigma (can’t say if it is prolonged one) = ref. Wight
But, your DSC_0101.jpg seems to show a few terminal umbels as well (please see attached highlighted part of your photograph) which I missed earlier.
The point against S. intermedium is = the flowers are pure white in that species = ref. Wight
Please also check description and other aspect of Cynanchum sarcomedium in the attached pdf file.
Here are two more links which can be useful –
… all are equally respected to me. I only suggested probability. I do not know what this species can be. Based upon the flower size (described in the link1 above) and other features you check one more time and tell me what this species can be. I want to learn.

Attachments (4)


Now that I am going through the 0101 photo, I can spot various other spots where there are terminal umbels. It would put the characters as intermediate between the two species given in this. This is a little perplexing for me.

Agreed that S. intermedium may very well not be it.
Also, I feel that .5 mm style could not be called elongated and thus may not be applicable to this plant according to the description of Cynanchum sarcomedium in the paper!
I feel we should leave this here as- more points in favour of S. viminale and lesser in favour of the other species (mainly S. intermedium).
In case I should find this plant again elsewhere or another species, I will make sure to record a lot more details.

What do you think sir?


A few terminal umbels doesn’t pose problem, Anurag Ji, for Gamble’s,KEY tells us “usually lateral” in S. brunonianum.

But where did you get 0.5 mm style?

Another point against S. intermedium is the corona lobes in your species may not be called acute, outer ones look like (sub)obtuse and the inner ones acuminate. But, I am not sure.


Thank you for pointing out Gamble’s key sir.
And the shape of the corona lobes.

Since the part outside which is bifid is the stigma, and the ovary is superior in Apocynaceae, I would assume that the style (in photo WP_20150420_088) Would begin just above 12.3 cm and end at around under 12.4 cm. the difference would give me roughly .5mm length of style and the remaining protruding bit- bifid stigma.

Or have I misunderstood the structure sir?


Why not 1 mm …?


That is possible sir. I have looked at it wrongly.


POWO lists numerous subspecies of Cynanchum viminale.

Out of this for two of them they give distribution in India:
I could not find out the difference between the two, but images match with those at Cynanchum viminale subsp. brunonianum (Wight & Arn.) Meve & Liede

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Kotputli Forest Jaipur- 4.9.2009; Sarcostemma acidum – indiantreepix | Google Groups

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ID(dkb-15) : Attachments (1).  7 posts by 5 authors.

Photo taken on-15.10.2009

It is a euphorbia climber.

At- Viratnagar(Jaipur)


… would this be the milk bush, pencil tree … Euphorbia tirucalli ?


No it is climber.


It should be a species of Sarcostemma (viminale?) of Asclepiadaceae.


Sarcostemma viminale


 

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Sarcostemma viminale : Attachments (5).  2 posts by 2 authors.

On 13/9/09 in a rocky area in Keesaragutta in Rangareddy distt. of A.P.


Taking it as Cynanchum viminale subsp. brunonianum  as per discussions at  ANAPR56 Sarcostemma sp. for identification


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image s for identification 05092013 :  Attachments (2).  3 posts by 3 authors.

sending images of euphorbia ?spp for identification


To me this looks similar to Sarcostemma acidum of Asclepiadaceae


efi page on Cynanchum viminale (L.) Bassi, Bononiensi Sci. Inst. Acad. Comment. 6(Opusc.):17. 1768 (syn: (=) Asclepias acida Roxb.; (≡) Asclepias viminalis (L.) Steud.; (≡) Euphorbia viminale L. (basionym); (=) Sarcostemma acidum (Roxb.) Voig; (≡) Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br.)


Taking it as Cynanchum viminale subsp. brunonianum  as per discussions at  ANAPR56 Sarcostemma sp. for identification


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Sarcostemma acidum (Roxb.) Voigt 15Jan SN13 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Sarcostemma acidum (Roxb.) Voigt

wild succulent climber from Kanchepuram dt of Tamilnadu


Certainly looks to be from Asclepiadaceae…now Apocyanacaeae


Taking it as Cynanchum viminale subsp. brunonianum  as per discussions at  ANAPR56 Sarcostemma sp. for identification


 

 

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References: POWO  PlantNET  Europeana  IPNI  Taxonomic dissolution of Sarcostemma (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae) (2012)

Flora of China (Sarcostemma acidum (Roxburgh) Voigt syn. Sarcostemma brevistigma Wight & Arnott., Asclepias acida Roxburgh)
Flowers of India (Sarcostemma acidum (Roxburgh) Voigt) Flowers of India (Sarcostemma viminale (L.R.Br.)
India Biodiversity Portal (Sarcostemma viminale (L.R.Br.)
Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (Sarcostemma viminale (L.R.Br.)  Wikipedia  Freedictionary  Indian medicinal plants: a … – Google Books

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