Clausena excavata Burm.f., Fl. Indica 89 1768. (syn: Amyris graveolens Buch.-Ham. ex Steud.; Amyris punctata Roxb. ex Colebr.; Amyris punctata Roxb.; Amyris sumatrana Roxb.; Clausena excavata var. lunulata (Hayata) Yu.Tanaka; Clausena excavata var. villosa Hook.f.; Clausena javanensis Raeusch. ex DC.; Clausena javensis J.F.Gmel.; Clausena lunulata Hayata; Clausena moningerae Merr.; Clausena punctata (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. ex Steud.; Clausena punctata (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.; Clausena sumatrana (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. ex Steud.Clausena tetramera Hayata; Cookia anisodora Blanco; Cookia anisum-olens Blanco; Cookia graveolens Wight & Arn.; Cookia punctata Retz.; Gallesioa graveolens M.Roem.; Lawsonia falcata Lour.; Murraya burmanni Spreng. (Unresolved));
Tropical & Subtropical Asia: Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;
India: Tropical evergreen or mixed forests up to 600 m. Bihar, W. Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya and Orissa; Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Thailand, S. China, Vietnam, Myanmar, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines and New Guinea as per BSI Flora of India;
[Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam] as per Flora of China;

SK 2933 31 July 2021 – S: 5 very high res. images.
Location: Far West, Nepal
Altitude: 900m.
Date: June 2021
Habit : Wild

Zanthoxylum?? or anything else from the orange family…

I do not think Zanthoxylum,

Melia dubia Cav. ??

Not Melia dubia,
Mostly Clausena indica …,
once check locally which species are there.

I guess matches with Clausena excavata N. L. Burman !
Please validate !

I have recorded this in Guindy National park. 

Stamens 8, sepals and petals 4……..C. dentata
Stamens 10, seplas and petals 5……C. heptaphylla
If available share and check with keys

Stamens 8, sepals and petals 4 !

Clausena dentata (Willd.) M. Roem., ; Syn. Hesper. 44 (1846). Clausena willdenovi Wight & Arn.
Cent.: SSW 284 (fr.).; Gardner 409 (fl.). 
2100-2400 m; Nepal, India, Ceylon.
Clausena excavata Burm. f., ; Fl. Ind. 87, t. 29, f. 2 (1768).
अस्याम Asanyam (Ch)
Amyris punctata Roxb.
Amyris sumatrana Roxb.
Cent.: S& W 8201. East: TI 720102.
200-500 m; Tropical Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), Assam, Burma, Indo-China, Malaysia.
FoC : Below 1000 m.
Elevation and leaf images tends to Clausena excavata Burm. f..

So our plant is Clausena excavata right …

I hope …


MS July,2015/02 Rutaceae ? for ID : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Location Maite, Mizoram
Date : 11-06-2012
Habit : shrub
Habitat : It grows wild

This is Clausena sp.

The plant looks like Clausena excavata Burm.f. (Rutaceae).

I think rightly identified as Clausena excavata Burm.f. as per keys in MS,Oct,2021/13 Clausena sp. ? for id.


SK 3735 11 June 2023: 5 high res. images.

Location: Palpa Deurali, Palpa, Nepal 
Date: 30 May 2023
Elevation: 838 m.
Habit : Wild

Try Rutaceae.

Tried all listed but no exact match. Maybe Clausena ??

Yes, possible as per images at

I guess matching sp. with elevation is Clausena excavata Burm.fil. Please validate !


POWO  BSI Flora of India  The Plant List Ver.1.1  IPNI  GRIN  Plants of Southeast Asia  Flora of China  FOC illustration  Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  Biotik  Wikipedia  Useful Tropical Plants  Flora fauna Web  GBIF  Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)  

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