Abelmoschus tuberculatus Pal & Singh, Bot. Gaz. 113:458. 1952;
India: In scrub forests up to 900 m. Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan as per BSI Flora of India;


This is again I think an Abelmoschus sp.

Recorded few years back from near Panipat, please help to reach the id..

I hope Abelmoschus manihot

Though the species has not been reported from the region where it was photographed may I humbly request you to check probability of Abelmoschus tuberculatus Pal & Singh.

I beg to state that … must have missed the epicalyx segments of this species. As per BSI KEY, A. manihot features 4-6 epicalyx segments and each segment is ovate to oblong, measuring 1-2.5 x 0.5-1 cm. This feature is not present in species in this thread. Please note, in the paper, “A new species of Abelmoschus Medik. (Malvaceae) from Chhattisgarh, India by Shrikant Sutar et al.” the statistic is little different, but segment width not less than 0.4 cm. So, I would like to humbly say that this is not A. manihot (L.) Medikus.

This surprises me much because of the fact that I have learned the same differentiating KEY of epicalyx features from … himself. One earlier account was in … thread.
Now, I will try to explain why I have suggested the possibility of A. tuberculatus –
Please, take a note of another thread … uploaded much earlier. This species was identified and kept under A. crinitus. But, BSI key says the species cannot be A. crinitus. In fact … expressed his doubt regarding this in another thread.
The most striking feature of the specimen in this thread is bristle bearing tuberculated capsule. Another striking feature is beautifully designed centre of corolla unlike all other Abelmoschus species. Certainly this is an Abelmoschus, because … thread number one above clearly shows calyx feature.
The only Abelmoschus with tuberculated fruit and linear epicalyx lobes is A. tuberculatus.
Now, what about distribution?
The species has two var., one from MP, Rajasthan & Gujarat, while the other from UP, MP & Rajasthan. Both the varieties are endemic. So, I am not sure if this can be found in Panipat. I hope it can. Because, one doc, “Biology of Abelmoschus esculentus L. (Okra)” published by Ministry of Env. & Forest, informs the species, A. tuberculatus native to UP & might have originated in the geographical area.

Please note that the var. tuberculatus is allied to A. esculentus.

Thanks a lot … for your detailed analysis…I will try to search this again but I am quite hopeless because only one individual was found, away from habitations…I also wonder what could have brought this…till then I keep this as A. tuberculatus
Thanks … for your views also…

The name of given specimen image is Abelmoschus tuberculatus

Thank you very much Sir for helping us adding one more taxon to our group database.

As per The Plant List Ver. 1.1, A. tuberculatus Pal & Singh is a synonym of A. esculentus (L.) Moench


Thanks for the update Sir, shouldn’t we follow BSI when the same, including KEY & description, is available with us? There is a histroy of okra in wiki – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Okra#Origin_and_distribution.

Both are different species with respect to their fruit and flower morphology

Thank you once again Sir. For interested members I would like to add that there is a detail account of chromosome numbers of different Abelmoschus spp in the document, ” Biology of Abelmoschus esculentus L. (Okra)”, a 15.4 mb pdf file downloadable at


Abelmoschus for id – NSD 8 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)

again it is from Satpura Tiger Reserve

i think it is some Abelmoschus, but not able to reach up to species level

please help me in id


Yes sir it is Abelmoschus crinitus

Abelmoschus tuberculatus as per another thread, identified by …


Well Sir, it was/is my guess only, based on epicalyx, calyx and fruit character. Leaves of okra variable as can be seen in http://plantillustrations.org/species.php?id_species=481






Malvaceae Week-Abelmoschus/Hisbiscus for ID: This herbaceous plant was shot from a roadside place in Panipat, in September 2010. It was uploaded in another thread and eventually got mixed up, not to be found again. I now think that being Malvaceae week, this is apt time to re-upload this plant. The fruit closely resembles Ladies’ Finger but is smaller and quite rough.

I hope I will find out the correct identity for this specimen.

Ran Bhendi in Marathi

I think Abelmoschus moschatus

Abelmoschus moschatus

Abelmoschus tuberculatus Pal & Singh as per images herein.



Malvaceae Fortnight :: Malvaceae sp for ID-1 :: Nagpur:: PKAJUL02 : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)

This was seen in forest cover near Nagpur.
ID Pl.

unique innards

dont know what’s it

would love to know

I also have this one from our area, will submit for id..

It looks like Hibiscus solanadra; seed, calyx etc characters not known

Hibiscus solandra L’Hér. is a synonym of Hibiscus lobatus (Murray) Kuntze  

It is not Hibiscus lobatus, for H. lobatus the flower is white, the leaves deeply lobed.

Thanks, Lalithamba ji.
In that case Hibiscus solandra L’Hér. is a synonym of Hibiscus lobatus (Murray) Kuntze ->  may not be correct.

Or you are talking of some other Hibiscus solandra, other than Hibiscus solandra L’Hér.


Most probably Abelmoschus manihot wild okra.

Appear close to images at Abelmoschus tuberculatus Pal & Singh


Request for ID: I spotted this one in Jalgaon, Maharashtra in September, 2010. It was a small tree, merely 5 feet tall. Is it a Sea Hibiscus (Hibiscus Tiliaceus)..?

–   … somehow this flower does not look like that of Fioria vitifolia to me.

My visualization: flower of Fioria vitifolia resembles in texture and shape to that of Azanza lampas … most often pendulous, with extra tone of yellow.
The calyx and bud looks very different here.
My picture of Fioria vitifolia:
For more views of Fioria vitifolia:

– it is not Fioria vitifolia (the epicalyx segments much longer and linear) nor Hibiscus tiliaceous (it has epicalyx segments which are broader at base)

– I am uploading a similar looking plant thinking this to be same, but the habitat is quite far away in Panipat Distt.of Haryana. I apologise in advance if it turns out to be a different species. Can it be an Abelmoschus species ?

I think close to images at Abelmoschus tuberculatus Pal & Singh

ur images are highly pretty

saw a few of hyderabad pond clicks too

is there a text book which describes anatomy of aquatic flowers weeds, nelumbo and water lily ? i am looking for this for sometime, pl let me know

Pl. check at Books on Indian Flora


wow, i am happy, 😊saw that link

Malvaceae : I’d confirm pls : 7 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (3)
Location : Porbandar, Gujarat
Date : 01-09-2018
Habit : Herb
Habitat : Wild

Sir i think Abelmoschus ficulneus.

Abelomoschus sp

Gujarati: કાંટાલૉ ભેંડે kantalo bhende

Abelmoschus tuberculatus !


Please help with id’ing the specie of this jungli bhindi : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)- around 800 kb each.

Bhopal; Black soil; 6/10/2020

Yes, it’s Hibiscus/ Abelmoscus sp.,

Check locally which sp. mentioned in native,

Abelmoschus esculentus Moench ??

Syn : Abelmoschus tuberculatus Pal & Singh

Thanks, …, for the id.

Yes, appears to be Abelmoschus tuberculatus as per images and details herein.


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