Rubus rosifolius Sm., Plantarum icones hactenus ineditae; 1789 pl.60 1791. (syn: Rubus apoensis Elmer; Rubus chinensis Ser.; Rubus comintanus Blanco; Rubus dosedlae A. Gilli; Rubus eglanteria Tratt.; Rubus glandulosopunctatus Hayata; Rubus hirsutus var. glabellus (Focke) Wuzhi; Rubus hopingensis Liu & Lu; Rubus jamaicensis Blanco; Rubus javanicus Bl.; Rubus mingendensis A. Gilli; Rubus paniculatus C. B. Clarke; Rubus parvirosifolius Hayata; Rubus rosifolius Stokes (ambiguous synonym); Rubus rosifolius subsp. sumatranus Focke; Rubus sikkimensis Kuntze ex Hook. fil.; Rubus sinensis Hort. ex Ser.; Rubus tagallus Cham. & Schltdl.; Rubus taiwanianus Matsum.; Rubus thunbergii var. glabellus Focke);
China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Taiwan, Cambodia, NE-India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin), Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Negros, Mindanao), Thailand, Vietnam, Nepal, South Africa (I), Jamaica (I), Puerto Rico (I), Nicaragua (I), Cuba (I), Dominican Republic (I), Lesser Antilles (I) (St. Kitts (I), Montserrat (I), Guadeloupe (I), Dominica (I), Martinique (I), St. Lucia (I), St. Vincent (I), Grenada (I)), Trinidad (I), Brazil (I), Venezuela (I), Mexico (I), New Caledonia (I), Madagascar (I), Costa Rica (I), Colombia (I), Australia (I) (Queensland (I), New South Wales (I), Victoria (I)), Peru (I), Argentina (I), Guatemala (I), El Salvador (I), Bolivia (I), Nicaragua (I), Panama (I), Seychelles (I), Austral Isl. (I) (Rapa Iti (I)), Society Isl. (I) (Tahiti (I), Moorea (I), Raiatea (I)), Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Rodrigues (I), Hawaii (I) (Kauai (I), Oahu (I), Molokai (I), Lanai (I), Maui (I), Hawaii Isl. (I)), Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo) (I), Cameroon (I), Principe Isl. (I), Sao Tome (I) as per Catalogue of Life;
[Cambodia, China, NE India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, Australia] as per Flora of China;

Rubus rosifolius, (sometimes spelled Rubus rosaefolius), also known as roseleaf bramble, West Indian raspberry, thimbleberry and ola’a is a prickly subshrub native to rainforest and tall open forest of the Himalayas, East Asia, and eastern Australia.[3] It is also found abundantly in the Brazilian states Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and to the south as far as Rio Grande do Sul.[4] The plant can also be found in a lot of San Francisco neighborhoods.
Rose-leaf bramble leaves are compound with toothed margins, with glandular-hairs on both sides of leaflets. Flowers are white in panicles or solitary.[5] Edible fruit are 2 cm long.
Leaves stay green and fruits ripen in early autumn in Eastern Australia.
Although R. rosifolius is rarely cultivated, the plant has several uses. The fruit is sweet and pleasant flavoured when grown with good soil moisture. The fruit is also sold at markets in the Himalayas.[6] The leaf is used as a medicinal herbal tea for treating diarrhoea, menstrual pains, morning sickness and labour pains.[7] The leaf contains essential oils.[8]
(From Wikipedia on 24.9.15)


Rubus rosifolius Sm. ?? : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9)- around 800 kb each.

Location : Lava, Kalimpong, India
Date : 11 May 2018
Elevation :  7000 ft.
Habit : Wild

To me also appear close as per the following:


Rosaceae Fortnight: Rubus rosifolius from Chakrata-GSSEP106/106 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Rubus rosifolius Sm., ; Ic. Ined. 3: t. 60 (1791), ‘rosaefolius’.
Photographed from Chakrata Deovan Road.



Rosaceae plant for id, Upper Dzongu, Sikkim, April-15 : 9 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2)
Please identify the Rosaceae plant which was found on slopes, plant height was appx 3 fts., elevation appx 2800 asl.

Well, I do not know, very curious to know, searched a found something similar at link.
But it is not R. sumatranus, for the species has 5-7 leaflets (ref. FoC)

Just now, this was identified as Rubus rosifolius by … on Facebook.
While I was looking for the species earlier (and ultimately gave up due to lack of further clues!), I had disregarded this one because the initial description in FOC said 5-7 leaflets.

i am amused because i never really expected to see it in india
if this is really a rose than its what we call Cherokee rose
an import from china , now naturalized in parts of USA and even has become weedy, and of all things its even a state flower in one of the southern states
MoBot used to have a grand display, and in fall these weird prickly pear lik hip, never to be forgotten
they still show picture of the profuse white flowered rambling rose, enjoy it at this url:
on the second thought if its in  in china, then its likely to be in the himalayas and all probability in Sikkim too. chinese herbal medicine uses it for spleen disorders.
googling for cherokee rose found a binomial: Rosa laevigata Michx.

…, you may be correct on roses but not on the species laevigata if efloras (FoC, FoP) descriptions are correct. Thanks Anurag Ji for the update, I am not a member of facebook-eflora.

Plants with glandular hairs (can have 9 leaflets) = sumatranus (R. rosifolius Smith subsp. sumatranus (Miquel) Focke)
Plants without glandular hairs, but with glands, sometimes with sparse short glandular hairs on flowering branchlets or pedicels = rosifolius
for more on the two taxa please visit –
see also

So I am finally taking it as R. sumatranus.
Is it OK ?

Number of leaflets is not at all a strong point to determine the species.
… is expected to break his silence and give his view based on his observation and/or more photographs (if there is any) of this species. The attached photographs in the initiating posts are not sufficient to species level identification.

I guess this should be Rubus rosifolius Sm. according to the keys from Flora of Nepal ( Encl).
2 book images.


MS,Oct.,2021/28 Rubus sp. for id: 4 images- 1 high res.
Location : Ailawng

Date : 05-07-2018
Habit : Shrub
Habitat : Wild

Rubus rosifolius Sm.


MS,May,2022/16 Rubus sp. for id: 3 images.
Location : Ailawng, Mizoram

Altitude : ca.1,100 m.
Habit : Straggling shrub
Habitat : Wild

Rubus rosifolius Sm.

MS,Oct.,2021/57 Rubus sp. for id.: 2 images.
Location : Ailawng
Date : 24-10-2018
Habit : Straggling shrub
Habitat : Wild

Rubus rosifolius !


Rubus rosifolius Sm.: 8 very high res. images.

Location: Chandragiri, Kathmandu, Nepal
Altitude: 2006m.
Date : 8 April 2023
Habitat : Wild

Yes, as per images at



Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1 GRIN Flora of China
Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  issg Database: Ecology of Rubus rosifolius  Wikipedia  Factsheet  CABI  GISD

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