Miliusa velutina (A.DC.) Hook.f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 1: 151 1855. (syn: Guatteria velutina A.DC.; Guatteria villosa G.Don; Uvaria olens Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. (Unresolved); Uvaria velutina Dunal; Uvaria villosa Roxb.);
Common name: Velvety Miliusa • Hindi: chopar chilla, dom-sal, domsal • Kannada: anachae, ance, anchae, anche, anchey, anje, dhuma saala • Malayalam: kanakaitha, kanakayitha, kanakkaita, kanakyitha • Sanskrit: rsyaprokta • Telugu: nalla dadduga, nalla dudduga, nalladaduga
Deciduous tree about 8-11 m tall. Bark dark grayish brown, rough, inside soft dun brown, fibrous, about 1.5-2.5 cm thick, branchlets and other young parts densely grey or golden tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, variable, broadly ovate, ovate-elliptic, oblong or obovate, 10-30 x 4-12 cm across, slightly asymmetrical, base somewhat cordate, margins entire, apex acute with mucronate tip, sub-coriaceous, aromatic, dark green, velvety tomentose above, paler densely velvety tomentose beneath, later veins about 12-16 on either side of the midrib, slightly arched, petiole stout, tomentose, about 0.2-0.7 cm long. Flowers bisexual, extra-axillary or terminal leaf opposed, pale yellow, about 0.8-1 cm across, pedicels pubescent, about 4-8 cm long, bracts basal, minute, buds velvety. Sepals 3, ovate or somewhat triangular, apex acute, about 2-4 x 1-1.5 mm across. Petals 6 in 2 series, outer petals somewhat similar to the sepals, about 3-4 x 1-1.5 mm across, inner petals larger, broadly ovate, apex subobtuse, pale yellow, dark brown tomentose outside, glabrous inside, about 7-11 x 7 mm across. Stamens many, short, about 1.5 mm long, filaments stout, anthers distinct, extrorse, connectives shortly apiculate on the top. Carpels many, oblong, velutinous, about 2 mm long, stigma subsessile, ovules 2. Ripe carpels many, ovoid or subglobose, tomentose, bluish purple when ripe, about 1.5 x 2.5 cm across, stalks slender about 0.5-1 cm long, Seeds 1-2 on a parietal placenta.
Miliusa species flowers are complete, bisexual, i.e., with functional male (androecium) and female (gynoecium), including stamens, carpels and ovary. Pollination is entomophilous i.e., by insects; sometimes dioecious i.e., plants have male (staminate) flowers on one plant, and female (pistillate) flowers on another plant, or polygamous i.e., with some male flowers on female plants and some female flowers on male plants Flowering/Fruiting: February-May/June-October.
Deciduous forests, altitude of about 400-700 m.
Local Distribution: Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal. Global Distribution: Asia: China, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam.
(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India. Kailash, B. R., UAS & ATREE, Bangalore, India. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India from India Biodiversity Portal)
Tree For ID : Jim Corbett,Uttarakhand : 200614 : AK-36 : Attachments (3). 5 posts by 3 authors.
This looks like Hum [Miliusa tomentosa].
Thanks a lot for this id.
The photograph of the plant you have displayed needs correct identification as the structure and morphology of the flower is very important character instead fruit
Miliusa velutina (A.DC.) Hook.f. & Thomson
Based on flower morphology in image P1020018
Fruit from Manipur : 15 posts by 6 authors. 3 images.
Can it be some Uvaria species ?
It does resemble Baccaurea ramiflora, which is called Motok-hei in Manipuri.
But can’t be sure.
May be different than Baccaurea ramiflora ??
Does not match with images at Baccaurea ramiflora also.
Please check Aglaia edulis, Meliaceae
I do think so as per images at
Comparative images do not support the ID.
I do not think it matches with Lansium domesticum Corrêa also.
May be any Mliusa, but still not sure, the pattern of fruiting suggesting close to any Annonaceae.
There are two different species. Both are Annonaceae for sure. The third image is differnt from first two, it looks like Miliusa velutina based on leaves. Not sure what the first two images are of.
Miliusa velutina (Dunal) Hook.f. & Thomson: 5 very high res. images.
Location: Jalthal, Jhapa, East Nepal
Date: 01 January 2023
Elevation: 97 m.
Nepali Name : पाँदरी Paandaree / काली काठ Kalee Kaath
Lila Sir: Fr validation of ID and Nepali Names.
I am not sure about that as per