Ficus subincisa Buch.-Ham. ex Sm., Cycl. 14: 91 1810. (syn: Ficus caudata Wall. ex Miq. [Illegitimate]; Ficus caudata Griff. [Illegitimate]; Ficus chincha Roxb.; Ficus clavata Wall. ex Miq.; Ficus subincisa var. paucidentata (Miq.) Corner; Ficus trachycarpa var. paucidentata Miq.);
India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Punjab, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, ascending up to 2,000 m), Bhutan, China, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand as per Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy- Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012;
An erect shrub or small tree 3 to 5 m tall with scabrid young shoots and grayish brown bark. Leaves opposite, oblong to elliptic-lanceolate, 3.5-3.8 by 6.1-6.5 in. broad, lamina membranous, 3-costate at the cuneate-acute base, margins entire, apex abruptly acuminate or caudate, glabrous, scabrous on both sides, upper half coarsely toothed, lower half entire, rather thinly coriaceous, glabrous but harsh, lateral nerves 4-8 on either half, base obscurely 5 nerved, acute or cuneate, petiole 2-3 in. long. stipules caducous, lanceolate, 0.3 in. long. Hypanthodia shortly pedunculate, rarely paired, dimorphic, globose, subtended by 3 basal bracts, apical orifice covered by bracts. Figs axillary, solitary, on leafy branchlets. Male and gall flowers in the same receptacle, pedicellate, ostiolar and scattered among gall flowers, sepals bracts red, 5-6 partite, stamen solitary in ostiolar flowers, free and 2(-3) in dispersed ones, anthers broadly ovoid. Female flowers pedicellate, sepals dark red, 5-toothed, ovary with a sub terminal elongate, slender style, stigma often bifid. Achene ovoid. Yellow syconus fruit.
Seeds are passed through the alimentary canals of birds and other animals that feed on the fruits.
Wasps play an important role in pollination and reproduction of this species.
Susceptible to insect pests.
High altitude forests up to 5000 ft.
Global Distribution: Asia: Bhutan, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam.
Local Distribution: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh.
(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India & Kailash, B. R., UAS & ATREE, Bangalore, India from India Biodiversity Portal)
Moraceae shrub for identification SN 16March 03 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Wild shrub found at Dharmashala area of Himachal
Quercus species so far in India.
Ficus subincisa Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. to me.
Common at this altitude and a good fodder plant.
New to efi
Fw: Ficus : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)
This is a Ficus from Rajnagar, Kumarghat, Tripura (10-12 ft tree)
Pl. check comparative images at
This should be Ficus subincisa
… ID seems to be correct.
Thank you very much
I agree with you