Lepisanthes senegalensis (Poir.) Leenh., Blumea 17: 85 1969. (syn: Aphania angustifolia Radlk.; Aphania bifoliata (Thw.) Radlk.; Aphania boerlagei Valeton; Aphania cuspidata (Bl.) Radlk.; Aphania danura (Roxb.) Radlk.; Aphania dasypetala Radlk.; Aphania fascicularis Radlk.; Aphania langsonensis Gagnep.; Aphania loheri Radlk.; Aphania longipes Radlk.; Aphania macrophylla Radlk.; Aphania masakapu Melch.; Aphania montana Bl.; Aphania nicobarica Radlk.; Aphania ochnoides Pierre ex Lecomte; Aphania paucijuga (Hiern) Radlk.; Aphania philastreana Pierre; Aphania rubra (Roxb.) Radlk.; Aphania senegalensis (Juss. ex Poir.) Radlk.; Aphania sphaerococca Radlk.; Aphania spirei Lecomte; Aphania viridis Pierre; Didymococcus danura (Roxb.) Bl.; Didymococcus verticillatus (Roxb.) Bl.; Dimocarpus verticillatus Roxb. ex Wall.; Euphoria attenuata Planch. ex Hiern; Euphoria danura (Roxb.) Wall.; Euphoria rubra (Roxb.) Royle; Euphoria verticillata (Roxb.) Lindl.; Lepisanthes senegalensis var. sylvatica (A. Chev. ex Hutch. & Dalz.) Aubrév.; Nephelium bifoliatum Thw.; Nephelium danura Roxb. ex G. Don; Nephelium rubrum (Roxb.) G. Don; Nephelium verticillatum (Roxb.) G. Don; Otophora paucijuga Hiern; Sapindus abyssinicus Fresen.; Sapindus attenuatus Wall.; Sapindus bifoliatus (Thw.) Hiern; Sapindus cuspidatus Bl.; Sapindus danura (Roxb.) Voigt; Sapindus microcarpus (Wight & Arn.) Kurz (ambiguous synonym); Sapindus microcarpus Kurz (ambiguous synonym); Sapindus ruber (Roxb.) Kurz; Sapindus senegalensis Juss. ex Poir.; Sapindus verticillatus (Roxb.) Kurz; Scytalia danura Roxb.; Scytalia rubra Roxb.; Scytalia verticillata Roxb.);
Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Benin, Togo, Nigeria, N-Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, ?Congo (Brazzaville), D.R. Congo (Zaire), South Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, S-Somalia, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Mozambique, Malawi, Angola, Madagascar, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, S-India (UttarPradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu), Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines, New Guinea, Bangladesh, Thailand, China (S-Yunnan), Nicobar Isl. (North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl.), Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Ayeyarwady, Bago, Kachin, Mandalay, Mon, Sagaing, Taninthayi, Chin) as per Catalogue of Life;


LEPISANTHES FRUTICOSA : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Attaching two collages of Lepisanthes fruticosa

Lepisanthes fruticosa (Roxb.) Leenh. is not found in India as per Catalogue of Life.
First image may be of Lepisanthes senegalensis as per images, details and references herein. Also see Lepisanthes‎ for species generally reported from India.
To me 2nd image looks to be of some other plant. Pl. check.

you are right. These photographs look like Lepisanthes senegalensis, syn. Aphania danura.

Images are of the same plant. There is no doubt about that. Your observation is noted.


MS May, 2018/06 Shrub/Small tree for ID : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Location : Tamdil, Mizoram

Date : 01-05-2018
Habit : Shrub or Small tree
Habitat : Wild

Seems to be some species of Lepisanthes.
(Lepisanthes fruticosa/ Lepisanthes alata)

Lepisanthes senegalensis (Mizo name: Zu-tul) I think

MS March/16/02 Lepisanthes sp. for ID : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)

Location : Dampui, Mizoram
Date : 02-03-2016

Habit : Shrub or small tree with edible fruits
Habitat : Wild

Lepisanthes species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net) 

Lepisanthes senegalensis ?

Please compare it with Lepisanthes rubiginosa (Roxb.) Leenh. – the iconotype is  Roxb., Pl. Coromandel, 1: t. 62. 1796.

I did not see this specimen previously. So, I don’t know the name of this specimen. Sorry about it.  I think, this specimen is not belongs to the family Sapindaceae.

I think it should be Lepisanthes senegalensis (Poir.) Leenh. as per comparative images at Lepisanthes


Fwd: IDENTITY OF A PLANT : 10 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of a small plant ( 2 to 3 Mtr in heaight ). In the collage leaves,flowers and fruits in different stages are shown. What can be this plant?

Thanks, … Flowers are not clear.
May I request you to pl. post some image where flowers are clear.

We will have to wait for the next season.

Its a species of lepisanthes (sapindaceae)

Pl. check species available in efi site at

Thanks, …, for the genus id.
Closest I can go is Lepisanthes rubiginosa as per comparative images at Lepisanthes

I think this may be Aphania rubra (Sapindaceae). In Lepisanthes rubiginosa, the fruit are look like this but the leaf and the flower is different from this plant. Is it possible to get the plant specimen with some flowers and fruit?

But according to The Plant List Aphania genus is now treated under Lepisanthes and Allophyllus. Aphania rubra currently is a synonym of Lepisanthes senegalensis (Poir.) Leenh. 

Can you post a better image of the flowers ?

This is not the time for flowering for the plant. We will have to wait for next year. I don’t have better image.

I think it should be Lepisanthes senegalensis (Poir.) Leenh. as per comparative images at Lepisanthes


Tree sp from Assam KD 05, 2020 : 9 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (5)

Attached images are tree sp. from Assam. Pl. Id of the sp.
Date : 02.03. 2019 & 29.02  2020
Location: Assam
Family : ?
Genus & species : ??
Habitat: Grows wild
Habit : Small Tree

NBot Santalum album, is it ? 

In Santalum album number of tepals are four where as in my specimen number is five. Moreover,there is a difference in stamen morphology also. So, it may not be the Santalum album.

Yes I guessed so.

Not Santalum album

Very interesting upload, not confident, but can we compare it with Lepisanthes fruticosa?…

I think this is Lepisanthes sp. Sapindaceae

Yes, It is Lepisanthes sp. L. erecta, L. senegalensis and L. tetraphyla are three spp.  reported from Assam.

Thanks, … I think it should be Lepisanthes senegalensis (Poir.) Leenh. as per comparative images at Lepisanthes 


Tree for identification : 14 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)- 1 & 2 mb each.
Could you help to identify this species?
It’s a tall tree up to 20 m. very lear bole (at least in my observation).
Lowland Nepal, 100 m asl. Eastern Nepal. Picture Taken 20 March 2020.

Not the Santalum album, is it ?

Any habit image?

Here is the small one, it flowers even in smaller individuals.

Attachments (1) – 6 mb.

To me this image looks different from previous images.

Thank you. They are from different individuals. Locals confirm they are the same species and called as ‘Surile’.

Lepisanthes rubiginosa, Sapindaceae

Thanks …! I think the characters do not match with the species.

I hope we will nail it.

I think more closer to Lepisanthes senegalensis (Poir.) Leenh. rather than Lepisanthes rubiginosa (Roxb.) Leenh. as per comparative images at Lepisanthes

Yes, L. senegalensis. Extremely variable. Some authors consider both as synonyms.

I guess you are right …



Attaching an image of a small tree with bright coloured fruits. I have seen it for the first time at Tezpur. There was one tree at this place which is no longer there. Can anybody identify it please.

A google search for “Lindera fruits” or “Benzoin fruits” gives similar looking fruit images.

Another search for “Micromelum fruits” (… post) also shows similar fruits.

Could it be a species of Lepisanthes, as in efi site ?

Lepisanthes senegalensis (Poir.) Leenh. ??

Yes, Sir, I think it’s a probability.

OK !


ID No.30072011 _ Shrub for ID:
Help to ID the species
Date/Time-01/03/2011- 09 AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Assam,
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild Type
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Shrub (1.5-3m)
Leaves: 20-32X6-8 cm
Inflorescence Type/ Size- as seen in the photos

Rubiaceae ?

I guess same sp. was posted earlier also by some member!

this is not rubiaceae family plant

I think Lepisanthes senegalensis (Poir.) Leenh. as per images and details herein.


Unknown sp. from Assam KD 04’2018: 7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

Attached images are unknown sp, from Assam. Please ID the sp.
Date :17.02.2018
Location: Assam
Family :  (?)
Genus & species : ??
Habitat: Grows wild on forest area.
Habit :  Tree

Haven’t come across the spp.

It looks like a member of Anacardiaceae or Sapindaceae

What is the nature of the sp.? Big tree??

Check with Anacardiaceae members

I think Lepisanthes senegalensis (Poir.) Leenh. as per images and details herein.


MS,May,2022/05 Shrub for id.: 2 images.
Location : Sihphir, Mizoram

Altitude : ca.1,000 m.
Date : 05-05-2022
Habit : Shrub ?
Habitat : Wild

Appears close to images at Lepisanthes senegalensis


MS, May,2022/01 Shrub ? for id.: 1 image.
Location : Tamdil, Mizoram

Altitude : ca.730 m.
Date : 15-05-2018
Habit : Shrub ?
Habitat : Wild

Maybe from Rubiaceae.

Any other images?

2 very high res. images.

Rauvolfia verticillata (Lour.) Baill. ??

This may be Lepisanthes senegalensis.

To me also appears close to images at Lepisanthes senegalensis


Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  IPNI  Flora of China  Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  Encyclopaedia of Life (Specimen) India Biodiversity Portal  Wikipedia  African Plant Database  Useful Tropical Plants central African plants (with images)  An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995- details)  Floristic Diversity of Assam: Study of Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary By P. J. Bora, Yogendra Kumar (2003- details)

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