Premna esculenta Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832 3: 81 1832. (syn: Gumira esculenta (Roxb.) Kuntze);
Assam to Thailand as per WCSP;
Assam; Bangladesh; Myanmar; Thailand as per Catalogue of Life;

Shrub about 6-8 ft tall. Short stemmed glabrous, branches and branchlets slender, obtusely quadrangular, furrowed, glabrous when mature, nodes annulate. Leaves simple, opposite, elliptic-lanceolate, obovate-elliptic, 6-16 x 3-8 cm across, base acute or cuneate, margins serrate dentate, apex acuminate, chartaceous, dark green, glabrous above, slightly paler yellowish pubescent beneath when young, glabrous when mature, lateral veins 4-7 on either side of the midvein, ascending, arcuate, veins impressed above and prominent beneath, petiole slender, stout, quadrangular, glabrous, canaliculated about 0.4-0.7 cm long, exstipulate. Inflorescence axillary, terminal corymbs, composed of 4-8 opposite cymes, pubescent, about 4 x 6 cm across, peduncles quadrangular, 1-2 cm long, bracts subulate or linear, about 3-4 mm long. Flowers bisexual, many, greenish yellow, cream white, pedicels about 3 mm long, calyx cupular, 5 toothed, teeth obtuse, apex acute, pubescent outside, about 3 x 3 mm across, corolla infundibular, 4 lobed, 2 lipped, white, lobes ovate to oblong, apex obtuse, 3 x 2 mm across, corolla tube narrow, densely pubescent at the throat, glabrous outside, about 3-4 mm long, stamens 4, didynamous, slightly exserted, filaments glabrous, filiform, about 1.5-2.5 mm long, anthers globose, 2 loculed, about 0.5 mm long, ovary obovoid or subglobose, about 1 x 1.5 mm across, style slender, filiform, about 2.5 mm long, stigma bi-lobed. Fruit drupaceous, obovoid, about 3 mm in diameter, smooth, purple, fruiting calyx cupular, 5 lobed, membranous.

Deciduous forests.
Local Distribution: Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, West Bengal. Global Distribution: Asia: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Thailand.
(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India. Kailash, B. R., UAS & ATREE, Bangalore, India. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India from India Biodiversity Portal)


MS Sept.,2017/01 Premna or Viburnum for ID : 9 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Location : Hlimen
Date : 29-04-2017
Habit :Shrub or Undershrub
Habitat : Wild
Mizo name : Leidum or Vawngser

Appears to be Premna, but images of close ups of flowers and fruits are required.

It is Premna esculenta Roxb.

It’s Premna esculenta. And the Mizo name is Lei-dum

May I request you to pl. send close up of fruits to see the calyx.


Premna esculenta taken on 26/05/2018
1 image.


SK552 08 JUN-2017:ID : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)

Location: 12 Mile, Kalimpong, India
Date: 23 May  2017
Altitude: 4000 ft.


Very vague to guess for me, however, can I take chance with Premna integrifolia L. ???

efi page on Premna serratifolia (syn: Premna integrifolia L.)
Premna species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)

Can it be Premna integrifolia ?

Does not matches with images at Premna serratifolia L.

Looks like matching with P. integrifolia.

The plant list says P. serratifolia is synonym of P. integrifolia.
But does not look like matching with P. serratifolia.

Calyx look much different from images given at my stated link: Premna serratifolia L.

ID validation still pending. If anyone could help ?

Yes … Seems correct , finally!
Premna esculenta Roxb.


Seeking Identification: 2 images.
I have attached 2 nos of plant photos for identification, i took these plant pictures during my field excursion to Southern Bhutan at Sarpang.

Habitat and leaf images ?

Thank you for your response, This tree was medium size tree and usually found in dry places where the Chromolaena odorata and under teak forest.
i am sorry i could not take the leaves images
i will send here next time if i happen to visit this places.

Leave photos attached here!

Are you positive the leaves in pic 3 belong to the same plant as 1 and 2… which shows opposite leaves all down the branch.

pic 3… The arrangement appears to be different.

Pl. check

Thank you for your identification, The one you suggest for Premna is sure and  when I compare it with my specimen it’s very close to Premna esculenta which would be a new record to Bhutan! if you could help sending written paper on Premna esculenta is highly grateful.

Yes, appears close to images at




Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  WCSP  IPNI  POWO  Google Arts & Culture  (with specimen) India Biodiversity Portal  Bangladesh Ethnobotany Online Database  MPBD  FRLHT

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