Fagonia schweinfurthii (Hadidi) Hadidi (syn: Fagonia arabica var. schweinfurthii (Hadidi) Giri & Nayar; Fagonia bruguieri var. ehrenbergerii Schweinf.; Fagonia cretica auct. non L. (in BSI Flora); Fagonia indica var. schweinfurthii Hadidi; Fagonia rangei Loes. ex Dinter; Fagonia schweinfurthii (Hadidi) M.Hall (ambiguous synonym));
Egypt to Kenya, Arabian Peninsula, S. Iran to W. Himalaya: Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, India, Iran, Kenya, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, West Himalaya, Yemen as per POWO (Zygophyllum paulayanum (J.Wagner & Vierh.) Christenh. & Byng);
India (Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka), Pakistan, Yemen (W-Yemen, N-Inner Yemen), Iran (S-Iran), Iraq, Saudi Arabia, NE-Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, NE-Kenya, Eritrea as per Catalogue of Life;
Keys available at Flora of Pakistan;

Plant for ID: Sangamner Maharashtra: AVD 27July2015 : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (8)
Please help me in identifying the plant images attached herewith.
Habit: Herb with woody base. Procumbent
Leaves: Opposite, lanceolate, acute, 15mm x 4mm minutely mucronate, in whorl with opposite spines. Spines pointed.
Flowers: Solitary, calyx 5 lobes, corolla : pink
Fruits: Deeply 5 lobed
Place: Sangamner Maharashtra
Date: 26th July 2015 

Could identify after posting. It is Fagonia schweinfurthii



Fwd: Requesting id of an semi-arid plant :  Attachments (4).  2 posts by 2 authors.
I found this plant near Challakere Taluk, Chitradurga Dt, Karnataka on 17/4/2013. Is it Peganum hermala?

Fagonia cretica


Plant ID-LDH/07/2015-2 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
please help me to identify the plant having medicinal value
grows in arid zone of Punjab during summer

This is a Fagonia sp… Zygophyllaceae

Fagonia species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available) 

Yes, its Fagonia (schweinfurthii ???)

Should be Fagonia schweinfurthii, as most leaves are trifoliate, spines shorter. 



Id of Flower ID 13062013SH2 : Attachments (1).  3 posts by 2 authors.

Posting a photo for Id of Flower
Date / Time – 23.12.2010 / 10.00am
Location – Great Rann of Kutch
Habitat – Wild

Nice Photographs !!!!!!
It is Fagonia schweinfurthii of Zygophyllaceae Family.
But if you have the another photos with clear view of leaves, please post.

Thanx … A typical dry region plant. But, sorry ! I don’t have any other photos. I think, even this photo is little overexposed.


Names of Plants in India :: Zygophyllum paulayanum (J.Wagner & Vierh.) Christenh. & Byng:
Zygophyllum paulayanum (J.Wagner & Vierh.) Christenh. & Byng

zy-go-FIL-um — joined leaves … Dave’s Botanary
¿ paw-lay-AH-num ? — most probably, named for Dr Stefan Paulay, ship’s surgeon, botanist, plant collector

commonly known as: desert fagonbush, prickly clover • Gujarati: ધમાસો dhamaso • Hindi: दमहर damhar, धमासा dhamasa, धन्वयास dhanvayas, हिंगुण hingun • Kannada: ಮುಳ್ಳು ಮುದ್ದು ಗಿಡ mullu muddu gida, ನೆಲ ಇಂಗಳಾರ nela ingalaara • Marathi: धमासा dhamasa • Punjabi: ਦਮਾਂਹ damanh, ਦਮੀਯਾ damiya, ਧਮਾ dhama • Rajasthani: धमासा dhamasa, जवासीयो jawasio • Sanskrit: धन्वयवास dhanvayavasa, दुःस्पर्शा duhsparsha • Urdu: دھماں dhamas

botanical namesZygophyllum paulayanum (J.Wagner & Vierh.) Christenh. & Byng … homotypic synonymsFagonia paulayana J.Wagner & Vierh. … heterotypic synonymsFagonia arabica var. glabrescens Franch. • Fagonia indica var. schweinfurthii Hadidi • Fagonia schweinfurthii (Hadidi) Hadidi ex Ghafoor … and many more listed at POWO

Please noteFagonia indica var. schweinfurthii Hadidi in Rech. f. … synonymsFagonia arabica auct. non Linn. : Edgeworth & Hook. f. • Fagonia cretica auct. non Linn.: Parker
The names Fagonia cretica Linn. and Fagonia arabica Linn. have been widely applied to plants from south Asian subcontinent. The above named species occur only in the south Mediterranean region. Pakistan plants so named belong to one or the other variety of F. indica and in particular to Fagonia indica var. schweinfurthii and differ from the above named species in having smaller capsules and flowers. … Flora of Pakistan

Bibliography / etymology

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
desert fagonbush
prickly clover
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
ધમાસો dhamaso
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
दमहर damhar, धन्वयास dhanvayas, हिंगुण hingun
धमासा dhamasa
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಮುಳ್ಳು ಮುದ್ದು ಗಿಡ mullu muddu gida, ನೆಲ ಇಂಗಳಾರ nela ingalaara
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
धमासा dhamasa
~~~~~ PUNJABI ~~~~~
ਦਮਾਂਹ damanh, ਦਮੀਯਾ damiya, ਧਮਾ dhama
~~~~~ RAJASTHANI ~~~~~
धमासा dhamasa
जवासीयो jawasio
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
धन्वयवास dhanvayavasa
दुःस्पर्शा duhsparsha
~~~~~ URDU ~~~~~
دھماں dhamas
~~~~~ x ~~~~~



POWO (Zygophyllum paulayanum (J.Wagner & Vierh.) Christenh. & Byng)  Catalogue of Life  BSI Flora of India  Flora of Pakistan (Fagonia indica var. schweinfurthii Hadidi in Rech. f.)  FOP illustration  Flora of Peninsular India (F. cretica L.) Encyclopedia of Life (Specimen)

Biodiversity In India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (Fagonia schweinfurthii (Hadidi) Hadidi with Fagonia cretica auct. non L. as syn.- 2006)   

Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (correct name for India species is Fagonia schweinfurthii Hadidi- 2008)