Psychotria monticola Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 41(2): 315 1872. (syn: Mapouria fulva (Buch.-Ham. ex Hook.f.) K.Schum.; Psychotria fulva Buch.-Ham. ex Hook.f.; Psychotria fulva var. brevibracteata M.Gangop. & Chakrab.; Psychotria fulva var. madraspatana (Hook.f.) Gamble; Psychotria fulva var. monticola (Kurz) Hook.f.; Psychotria madraspatana Hook.f.; Psychotria monticola var. minor Craib; Psychotria monticola var. pedicellata Craib; Uragoga fulva (Buch.-Ham. ex Hook.f.) Kuntze; Uragoga madraspatana (Hook.f.) Kuntze);
Andaman Is.; Assam; Bangladesh; East Himalaya; India; Malaya; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life;

Undershrubs, up to 2 m tall. Leaves simple, opposite decussate; petioles ca. 1-2.5 cm long; lamina ca. 10-25 x 5-15 cm, broadly obovate, oblanceolate, cuneate at base, acute at apex, entire, chartaceous; secondary nerves 14-18 pairs, sub parallel. Flowers ca 0.3 cm across, white or greenish-white, in peduncled axillary or terminal cymes. Fruits ellipsoid, reddish brown; pyrenes with 4 sharp dorsal ridges.

Open areas
India: Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur.
(Attributions- French Institute of Pondicherry as per India Biodiversity Portal)
MS Nov,2018/09 Psychotria sp. ? for identification : 11 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Location : Lungkulh, Mizoram

Date : 15-11-2018
Habit : Undershrub
Habitat : Wild

Thanks, … What are the species reported from your area?

Also check species available at
P.calocarpa, P.erratica, P.fulva, P.montana, P.silhetensis, P.symplocifolia P.thomsonii are recorded in Mizoram

Psychotria calocarpa  ??

To me looks different from images of Psychotria calocarpa at


Sir it probably Psychotria nervosa

We do not have any distribution of Psychotria nervosa Sw. in India.

Psychotria monticola Kurz ??

Yes, possible as per GBIF– Specimen from India.
Also see this specimen.
Psychotria fulva Buch.-Ham. ex Hook.f. is a syn. of Psychotria monticola Kurz as per Catalogue of Life.
Fruits also look similar.


Attaching a few images of a  small plant. Images were taken in North Bengal forest.

If my memory serves me correctly, I have seen this plant in Tezpur (Assam) in 2002. Fruits look like bunch of grapes (upright not hanging).
Please identify.

Appears to be some Rubiaceae member?

My guess, Sir, Rauvolfia verticillata, as in –

Looks like Rubiaceae. Please check Chassalia species..

Yes, Sir, it is more probably Chassalia.

But, “Bengal Plants” doesn’t have any. As per Flora of British India (it is spelled as Chasalia), there are –
  1. Psychotria montana (Chasalia montana) – Assam
  2. Chasalia curviflora – Eastern Tropical Himalaya
Does not match with images at Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides
It may be some Psychotria species as per comparative images herein.

Don’t know Sir, “Bengal Plants” has only Psychotria adenophylla Wall., from Chittagong (KHASIA and CACHAR in Fl. Br. Ind.).

Fl. Br. Ind. also includes from the region (Assam, or Nepal or Sikkim or Khasia) –
P. erratica Hook. f.
P. fulva Ham.
P. symplocifolia Kurz.
P. calocarpa Kurz.
P. thomsoni Hook.f.
P. denticulata Wall.
P. silhetensis Hook. f.
P. montana Bl.

Thanks, …, for the id. I agree with you as per images at Psychotria monticola and as per GBIF specimens form our area– onetwo and three.

Thanks, Sir ji, Psychotria was your idea, I wonder how plants propagate, breaking the borders mapped in British India!




References: Catalogue of Life  POWO  The Plant List Ver.1.1  WCSP  IPNI  GBIF– Specimen from India (High resolution specimens) Flora of peninsular India  India Biodiversity Portal  IBIS Flora (FBI)

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