Tamarix indica Willd., Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 4: 214 1803. (syn: Tamarix gallica var. indica (Willd.) Ehrenb.; Tamarix indica Koen. ex Roxb.; Tamarix pulchella Sennen; Tamarix troupii Hole);
Afghanistan to Indian Subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka as per POWO;
Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Yangon), India (Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu), Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Chitral, Karachi, Sind, Waziristan, Pakistani Punjab), Pakistani Kashmir (Gilgit), Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, BhutanJammu & Kashmir, Vietnam, Morocco (I) as per Catalogue of Life;
Common name: Indian Tamarisk • Assamese: ঝাও jhao • Bengali: ঝাউ jhau • Gujarati: લૈ lai • Hindi: झाऊ jhau, पिचुल pichul • Kannada: ಪಕ್ಕೆ pakke • Malayalam: siru savukku • Marathi: झाबुक jhabuk, झाऊ jhau • Nepali: झाउ jhau • Punjabi: ਝਾਊ jhau, ਲੈ lai • Sanskrit: अफलः aphalah, बहुग्रन्थिः bahugranthih, झावुकः jhavukah, पिचुलः pichulah • Tamil: சிறுசவுக்கு ciru-cavukku, கோடைச்சவுக்கு kotai-c-cavukku • Telugu: పక్కె pakke • Urdu: جهاو jhau

Shrubs or small trees, about 1.5-6 m tall. Stem much branched, glabrous, two kinds of branches present, young green vegetative branches which are deciduous in winter and ligneous old growing branches which are not deciduous in winter. Leaves alternate, scale-like, pseudovaginate, free part triangular-ovate to lanceolate-ovate, 0.5-3 mm long, base amplexicaul, margins not coherent, apex deeply acute to acuminate, rachis minutely papillose, petiole sessile, stipules absent. Inflorescence racemes or paniculate in young and old branches, terminal or lateral, both in spring and summer, about 3-8 x 0.3-0.4 cm across. Flowers bisexual, slightly fragrant, pedicel very short or subsessile, bracts trullate-lanceolate or trullate-ovate, margins denticulate or subentire, apex acuminate, deflexed, about 1.5-2.5 mm long, herbaceous of fleshy, sepals 5 partite lobes obovate-suborbicular, margins obscurely denticulate, apex obtuse or truncate, about 1-1.5 x 1.5-1.6 mm across, petals 5, oblong-elliptic to obovate, pink, or pale pink, margins entire, apex slightly notched, about 1.5-2 x 0.8-1.5 mm across. Stamens 5, in series or two, inserted near nectiferous disc, exserted, opposite to calyx filaments, about 2.5-3.5 mm long, anthers bi-lobed, disc pentalobed, about 1 mm across. Ovary conical or pyramidal, 3-4 locular, ovules many, basal parietal placentation, styles 3, free, rarely connate at the base, stigma 3, capitate. Fruit capsule, conic-pyramidal, about 3.5-4 x 1.3-1.5 mm across, tri-valved. Seeds numerous, about 0.6 mm across coma about 2.5 mm long.

Near streams and rivers.
Asia: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India: Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Gujarat, Punjab, Rajasthan, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India.; Kailash, B. R., ATREE, Bangalore, India.; Royal Norwegian Embassy grants. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi)

Tamarix ericoides for confirmation : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)

Virar, near Mumbai, 01-12-2018.
This 6 feet tall shrub was seen in it’s fruiting, seed dispersal stage. No flowers seen therefore stamen count not possible.
Place was dry but probably waterlogged earlier.

Probably Tamarix dioica Tamaricaceae
very common mangrove associate

I think this will be Tamarix indica as per FOIDinesh ji’s images at Wikimedia CommonsPOWOGBIF– specimen
Looks different from other images at Tamarix dioica

I too strongly think it to be Tamarix indica.

at Bani in Kutchh on 4 Feb.’10; Tamarix dioica – efloraofindia | Google Groups

RS3: I d plz : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

When and where?


tamarix may be but its very invasive and uses up a lot of water sources, so any town will be ill advised to plant it, so where did you find this tree?
i had thought it may have bee flowering causarina but that is less likely.

It’s in Srinagar garhwal region of uttarakhand

I think this may be Tamarix indica as per FOIDinesh ji’s images at Wikimedia CommonsPOWOGBIF– specimen

Tamarix gallica? : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Tamarix gallica from N22°37.618’ E072°07.425 in Mithapur, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Tamarix species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)

Kindly provide the information on Number of stamens and weather flowers are unisexual or bisexual?

I think this may be Tamarix dioica as per images and details herein.

On further scrutiny, I think this may be Tamarix indica as per FOIDinesh ji’s images at Wikimedia CommonsPOWOGBIF– specimen

Tamarix indica :: along Ghodbunder Road :: January 23, 2011 : 7 images.
Ghodbunder Road, Thane  
Date: January 23, 2011 … Altitude: about 15 m (50 feet) asl
Tamarix indica Willd.


FOR VALIDATION :: Tamarix indica Willd. :: Suruchi beach, Vasai :: Feb 23, 2023 · JUN23 DV444: 4 images.

Tamarix indica Willd. … FOR VALIDATION
Suruchi beach, Vasai :: Feb 23, 2023 · 12:31 PM IST :: about 12 m (39 ft) asl


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