Burmannia coelestis D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 44 1825. (syn: Burmannia azurea Griff.; Burmannia bifurca Ham. ex Hook.f.; Burmannia borneensis Gand.; Burmannia candida var. caerulea Hook.f. ex F.N.Williams; Burmannia javanica Blume; Burmannia malaccensis Gand.; Burmannia selebica Becc.; Burmannia triflora Roxb.; Burmannia uniflora Rottler ex Spreng.; Burmannia urazii Masam.; Cryptonema malaccensis Turcz.; Nephrocoelium malaccensis (Turcz.) Turcz.);

Nepal to Caroline Islands: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;

Different from Burmannia pusilla (Miers) Thwaites as per Flowers of India;

Common name: Indian Bluethread • Marathi: नीलमणि Neelmani

Small herbs, stem much reduced. Leaves absent. Flowers regular, on long terminal peduncle, 1-3 together; calyx tube 3-winged, 1 cm long, retuse at apex, bright pink; petals absent; stamens 3, anthers sessile, ovate, erect; ovary inferior, 3-celled, winged, ovules many, style 3-lobed. Fruit a dehiscent winged capsule; seeds numerous, minute, reticulate.
Flowering and fruiting: October-December
Among grassy patches in moist deciduous forests
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi as per India Biodiversity Portal)



in Silent Valley and Thattekad- Oct’10?;  Kerala Wildflower ID request – efloraofindia | Google Groups


368 ID wild plant Utricularia: 8 high res. images.
Please ID wild plant,
Location: near Vannappuram, Thodupuzha, Idukki Dist., Kerala PIN:685607
Altitude: 1500fsl
Flower date: 21SEP2022
Habitat: wild moisture, dripping rocky misty hill, wind
Plant habit: erect branches, no stem, unbranched, annual
Height: 15cm (peduncle)
Leaves: not visible
Flower: lengthy erect angular slender peduncle racemose, tri winged, size:11x13x11mm, violet, non fragrant

Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x

Check Burmannia species

Pl. check https://efloraofindia.com/2011/02/11/burmannia/

I just wanted to add that Burmania, like Ophioglossum (an aquatic fern, =snake tongue fern) are plants that live autotrophically depending on fungus for nutrition and spending much of their time underground like a fungus, only at the time of flowering these species emerge from their underground crypts. I suppose since it is a underground plant, there will be another flower at the same place, almost same time next year/season.

Yes, it is very close to Burmannia pusilla, thanks a lot dear … for ID my plant,

Sharing closeup of peduncle

It is identified as Burmannia coelestis by …, thanks a lot.

Burmannia coelistes

Does anyone have keys to Burmannia species in South India?



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