Paederia cruddasiana Prain, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 67: 295 1898. (syn: Paederia aestivalis Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., nom. nud.; Paederia autumnalis Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., nom. nud.; Paederia cruddasiana subsp. microcarpa (Kurz) Puff; Paederia foetida var. microcarpa Kurz);
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N. India to China (Yunnan): Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, East Himalaya, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;
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Here are the keys from Flora of Bhutan as per efi thread:

I. Fruit ovoid, laterally compressed, 9-1 lmm; pyrenes winged ….. 1. P. cruddasiana
+ Fruit globose, 4-6mm; pyrenes not winged . . . .. 2. P. foetida
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Unknown climber from Assam-Jan 2014 : 4 posts by 3 authors.
Attached images are unknown climber. Please ID the plant.
Date :30.12.2013
Location: Assam
Family : ??
Genus & species : ??
Habitat: Grows wild on hilly area
Habit : Climber


Paederia sp., probably P. lanuginosa?


As per FOC, Paederia lanuginosa Wallich is not distributed in India.


I could find references of only two species in India :


I guess this is Paederia foetida L. only !


Based on fruit shape, in Flora of China, it may be Paederia cruddasiana Prain
Flora of China saysFruit globose, 4-7 × 4-7 mm, glabrescent, drying gray to yellow; pyrenes concavo-convex to plano-convex” for Paederia foetida Linnaeus and ‘Fruit broadly ellipsoid to ovoid, somewhat laterally compressed, 6-11 × 4.5-8 mm, glabrescent, drying yellowish gray; pyrenes ovate to elliptic, somewhat flattened, marginally winged’ for Paederia cruddasiana Prain

We have to find the exact keys in Flora of our area.


Pl. also see GBIF specimen 1specimen 2 and specimen 3, from India.

Can anybody post the keys?


I have photos of this species (Paederia foetida) – from Soraipung in Dihing-Patkai WLS.

It is called Paduri lata or Gendheli lota in Assamese.
1 image


I looked for that also but did not find distribution in Assam excepot in POWO.

As such, I am not sure about it !


…, your conclusion of Paederia cruddasiana seems justified. Let us try to find publication on basis of which POWO shows distribution in Assam.


I snapped these from Doldoli Reserve Forest, Karbi Anglong (Assam)

It is called Paduri lata or Gendheli lota in Assamese (Paederia foetida) but  fruit does not support.
3 images


Here are the keys from Flora of Bhutan:

I. Fruit ovoid, laterally compressed, 9-1 lmm; pyrenes winged ….. 1. P. cruddasiana
+ Fruit globose, 4-6mm; pyrenes not winged . . . .. 2. P. foetida

So, it should be Paederia cruddasiana Prain


Yes … Paederia cruddasiana, commonly known as sewervine, is easiest to distinguish from P. foetida when in fruit. The fruit of P. cruddasiana are ellipsoid to ovoid and laterally compressed, with conspicuous wings on the seed margins, while those of P. foetida are subglobose with unwinged seeds.


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Hooghly sk-nov-05 – Paederia sp. : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (10).

This vine looks different than what I saw and posted in my earlier upload.

It is growing in a home yard and I am not sure if all leaves I have photographed are of the same plant. The leaves of this particular individual appeared to me different in shape and significantly bigger in size.

Photographed the day before yesterday (4.11.14), in Hooghly District (West Bengal)


Lamina length 14cm avg., petiole 10 cm avg. Leaves have typical unpleasant smell.


The climber is Paederia foetida of Rubiaceae. The leaves are used for making a curry with raw plantain and black pepper to get relieve from arthritis. You do not get the bad smell of the leaves when it is used as curry.


Paederia cruddasiana as per keys and discussions at Unknown climber from Assam-Jan 2014


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Paederia foetida L. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Wild Paederia foetida L. in fruiting from Itanagar area of Arunachal


Paederia cruddasiana as per keys and discussions at Unknown climber from Assam-Jan 2014


 

 

 


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References: POWO  Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  WCSP  IPNI  GBIF (High resolution specimens) Flora of China   Bhutan Biodiversity Portal  UF IFAS

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