Leea rubra Blume ex Spreng.,  Syst. Veg. 1: 670 1824. (syn: Leea brunoniana C.B.Clarke; Leea linearifolia C.B.Clarke; Leea polyphylla Miq.; Leea sambucina Blanco; Leea sanguinea Wall. ex Bojer; Leea sanguinea Kurz);
Tropical Asia to N. Australia: Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;
Java, Myanmar [Burma], peninsular Malaysia (Perlis, Kedah, Penang Isl., Kelantan), India (Assam, West Bengal, Meghalaya), Bangladesh, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, +Singapore, Sumatra, Madura Isl., Lesser Sunda Isl. (Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba, Timor), Borneo, Palawan, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Tanimbar, Kei Isl.), New Guinea as per CoL;


Flora Picture of the Year 2012 – SK : 24 posts by 11 authors. Attachments (1).

Never did i think of delving inside the unfathomable mystery of plant taxonomy. Since my childhood i hated books and relieved a deep sigh when i found myself engaged to a NAUKRI ! Thanks God, no more reading!
My initial days in eFI were very nice, just upload photographs and obtain ID of plants; very simple. Raju Sir changed it all. No sooner i met him in the Botanical Garden we became family and i started moulting, moulting into a student life, for one more time, with obedience.

Well, it was the 17th July, 2012 and Raju Sir drew my notice to this beautiful plant, a Leea sp., inside the Botanical Garden, Shibpore, Howrah. I can’t express my amazement when Raju Sir himself cleared a few weeds so that i could be able to take photographs without any obstruction before me.

Thanks, … You have become a source of encouragement to many of us now.

Thank you very much Sir, our group has an excellent capability to mould a commoner.

Lovely shot and nice story. I found … one as one meticulous taxonomist (Teacher) who provides key and minute details of each plant he came across and follows that from its flowering to fruiting. To me he is one of the fastest learner. No doubt he is a resource rich person in the group and the way he is exploring flora of Bengal, i am sure we will cover the Eastern Indian flora in the long run. Best of luck …

Thank you Sir, i am adding one more, for ID.

I always believed that the value of Howrah Botanic Garden is actually underestimated. Its a place of great resource of living as well as voucher specimens.

Hope it lasts long.

Thanks for sharing this pic. I thought there is only one species in lower plains of India. But if you got this from Sibpur then probably it may not be the local one. as many plants came to the garden from other parts of India and abroad. I think this is Leea macrophylla.

Thank you very much for the ID, i tried once and gave up.

Beautiful shot! Thanks for sharing … Would like to quote a famous TV advt…..’An idea can change your life’. 🙂

Wonder if it can be Leea rubra Blume ex Spreng (Vitaceae). Our W. Ghat Expert friends may confirm

Thank you very much for the probable ID. I tried last year and found the following info :-
Leea rubra
  1.  Leaf 2–4-pinnate, leaflet lamina ovate to ovate-oblong, apex acuminate, margin crenate to dentate, base rounded to cuneate, 3–10.5 cm by 2–4 cm, lamina chartaceous, minutely hairy along veins; rachis red …… = http://floraofsingapore.wordpress.com/2010/07/29/leea-rubra/ ….. source = http://floraofsingapore.wordpress.com/category/class-magnoliopsida/superorder-rosanae/order-vitale/family-vitaceae/
  2. pictures = Nature loves you
  3. another pic = http://www.flickr.com/photos/phuonglovejesus2782010/5883039313/
  4. syn. = http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/tro-34000006
  5. no L. rubra in Flora of China = http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=117843#KEY-1-2
A close competitor = Leea guineensis –
  1. efi thread 1
  2. efi thread 2
  3. efi thread 3


Difference between these two species lies in the stipule characters. Here is a key from Fl. Malesiana (Ser. I Vol 7):

1. Stipule a narrower wing, somewhat persistent, scar long and thin…….Leea rubra
1. Stipule obovate, caducous, leaving a broad scar…………………………Leea guineensis

Looking forward to see the stipule photographs from your good-self.


Thank you very much …, for the keys.

I will have to visit this plant again, presently i do not have any photo of the stipules or scar mark. Meanwhile, attaching rest of the photographs i have in my hard disk.


Photographed today (23.8.14), the same Leea in the garden.

Thanks … for revisiting the thread and digging out beautiful narration of your personal experience.. I would like to tell you that I have got almost similar Leea from Siliguri area, will share soon for id..

I think closer to images at Leea guineense G.Don

As per 08-05-2021 : S-KOLEY : Leea diversity in India from …:

“My first regret is that I couldn’t keep Ritesh ji’s word, requesting to photograph the stipule of the species in my thread – https://groups.google.com/g/indiantreepix/c/dUGQK7Tsd_k/m/C_BAQsLTRLMJ
My second regret is that I deleted all original photographs, recorded after mid-2014,, from my computer, without taking backup.
However, I think the Leea in BSI might be L. rubra, because –
  • flowers are not exactly like some other posts, here inside of the petals are red –
  • less exserted (?) staminodial tube
  • oblong (?) stipule (somewhat similar stipule can also happen in L. guineensis


SK1699 05 Jan 2019 : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1) – 6 Mb.
Location : Sentosa , Singapore
Date : 18 October 2012
Altitude  131 m.
Habit : Cultivated
Leea rubra Blume ex Spreng. ??

Pl. also check

Yes I checked and guessed accordingly.

Pl. check

Both look so similar.

As per 08-05-2021 : S-KOLEY : Leea diversity in India from …:

“I think … Leea from Singapore is Leea rubra Bl.ex Spreng. Its petals are red inside as in Singapore Govt. Agency site – https://www.nparks.gov.sg/florafaunaweb/flora/2/1/2192

As for all red coloured cultivated / ornamental Leaa, I would go for Leea guineensis G. Don, for they all feature petals creamy-white inside. And leaves are quite different – wavy, shiny, cuneate at base …. as in Singapore Govt. Agency site – https://www.nparks.gov.sg/florafaunaweb/flora/4/3/4371.  All other sites might have mixed up L. rubra and L. guineensis.

It is expected that flowers of L. guineensis would be “creamish yellow” when open, because the “paper”, while describing Leea setuligera Clarke, notes. “very similar to L. guineensis in general appearance, and possibly frequently overlooked and confused with that species. ……””


100713 ASP 94 : Attachments (1). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Please ID this plant. Photo was taken
from a herbal garden in Sri Lanka in Dec 2012.

Leea sp., may be L. rubra.

Look like Leea guineensis G. Don

Looks more like Leea coccinea Rubra as in toptropicals.com (link)

As per 08-05-2021 : S-KOLEY : Leea diversity in India from …:

“I think, the upload by Siva ji from Sri Lanka herbal garden efi thread is Leea alata Edgew, (even though Sri Lanka is not in the given distribution list) because –

  • as far as I can see it is 1-pinnate leaf with sessile leaflets, elliptic-oblong to elliptic-lanceolate leaflets
  • most importantly oblong stipule
for comparing –

Thank you.”

This should be Leea rubra Spreng. ex Blume.
As per attached images leaves are 2-3 pinnate, inflorescence and flowers are red.

Agreed, ji, if leaves are more than 1-pinnate!


IDENTITY : 54: 3 images.
Attaching a few images of a wild plant. Seems to be some Leea species.


Leea guineense G.Don is one possibility as per comparative images at Leea, but difficult to say with these images.

It is Leea alata Edgew, I think. Please check –

May I request you to have a look at Leea guineense G.Don

Your sharp yes may find some Leea alata Edgew over here,

I only used the KEY in the “Bengal Plants”, Sir, since this species is wild.
I will check our database for other uploads of red Leea.

it appears to me that I made another mistake in identifying it as Leea alata. Here, the leaves are not 1-pinnate, as I thought earlier. Please check the KEY to red flowered Leea, below :-

  1. Leaves 1-pinnate = L. alata Edgew.
  2. Leaves 1-2-3 pinnate (bipinnate, occasionally tripinnate at base – Flora of Zambia)  = L. guineensis G. Don
  3. Leaves 2-4 pinnate = L. rubra Bl. Ex Spreng
  4. Leaves 2-3 pinnate, leaves setaceously hairy above, below with setaceous hairs on the nerves = L. setuligera Clarke

Now, I myself am confused. Don’t  have a clear idea how to differentiate the above spp.

May I request you to pl. post more detailed images, showing stipules etc. for proper id.

It will not be possible immediately , as the image was taken in a forest.
However I will upload more images, if I come across the plant again.

I am confused here, Dada, please check and decide –

  • If leaves are 1-pinnate – it is Leea alata.
  • if leaves are more than 1-pinnate; and inside of the petal is red – it is Leea rubra
  • If leaves are more than 1-pinnate and inside of the petals are creamy-white – it is L. guineensis.
(Leea setuligera is not likely to be found there, it is like L. guineensis, but with hair on leaves.)

I would like to add one more point – that leaf rachis of Leea alata would be narrowly winged, which I do not see here.

A blog from Bangladesh feature similar looking LeeaLink

The fifth picture from the top of that blog displays young leaflets, and rachis having narrow wing (which is a feature of Leea alata.) – see top of the leaf – Link
Now, look at the base of the leaf of the above picture, at first I thought it would grow to bi-pinnate leaf, and in that case the ID won’t be Leea alata. But, what if it is the emergence of another 1–pinnate leaf?

In the same way … species might e Leea alata as well.

No, I cancel the idea.

Emergence of new leaf should carry a stipule.
So, I think the species in that blog is Leea rubra.

… plant should also be L. rubra.


Leea rubra in FOI:
Images of Leea rubra in FOI may not be correct as per discussions at  SK1699 05 Jan 2019
Pl. correct.

FOI link. I think discussed at SK546 06 JUN-2017:ID

I had looked at this discussion, but looks like I misunderstood the final conclusion. Will correct it.



References: POWO  Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  Tropicos  Monaco Nature Encyclopedia  Flora fauna web