Leea guineense G.Don
Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr. (As per efi thread: Leea indica: Leaves 2- to 3-pinnate; lower surface glabrous, lateral veins 6-11 pairs; marginal teeth sharp; berry 8-10 mm. Leea asiatica: Leaves pinnate or 3-foliate; lower surface pubecent beneath especially along veins; lateral veins 11-15 pairs; marginal teeth rounded or obtuse; berry 5-7 mm)
Leea rubra Blume ex Spreng. (Petals are red inside) (Java, Myanmar [Burma], peninsular Malaysia (Perlis, Kedah, Penang Isl., Kelantan), India (Assam, West Bengal, Meghalaya), Bangladesh, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, +Singapore, Sumatra, Madura Isl., Lesser Sunda Isl. (Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba, Timor), Borneo, Palawan, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Tanimbar, Kei Isl.), New Guinea as per CoL)
Leea setuligera C. B. Clarke (W. India, Assam to China (Yunnan) and Thailand as per POWO)
This is a table of Leea spp., shortlisted from a paper (see the table) –
KEY – I
KEY – II
KEY – III
Is this a KEY to L. rubra and L. guineensis ??? –
GBIF doesn’t support that.
I think, the upload by … from Sri Lanka herbal garden- efi thread
is Leea alata Edgew, (even though Sri Lanka is not in the given distribution list) because –
…. upload from Kalimpong – efi thread is either L. rubra Bl. Ex Spreng or L. guineensis G. Don.
Unfortunately, the paper I am following doesn’t provide description of both species. And I have no clear idea how to differentiate them without ‘KEY-III” and stipule picture. Yet, I agree with the established id, as L. guineensis G. Don, because –
Attached here is an account of Leea guineensis, from “Botany of Bihar and Orissa / H. H. Haines”.
… also provided KEY to L. rubra and L. guineensis, in my thread –
Difference between these two species lies in the stipule characters. Here is a key from Fl. Malesiana (Ser. I Vol 7):
1. Stipule a narrower wing, somewhat persistent, scar long and thin ……. Leea rubra
1. Stipule obovate, caducous, leaving a broad scar ……. Leea guineensis
The paper, I am following, however provides 2 types of stipules in L. rubra and 4 types of stipules in L. guineensis. Of-course these variations in stipules cover the entire global population of the two spp.
My first regret is that I couldn’t keep … word, requesting to photograph the stipule of the species in my thread – efi thread
My second regret is that I deleted all original photographs, recorded after mid-2014,, from my computer, without taking backup.
However, I think the Leea in BSI might be L. rubra, because –
This is the concluding part of my study.
I think … Leea from Singapore is Leea rubra Bl.ex Spreng. Its petals are red inside as in Singapore Govt. Agency site – Flora fauna web
As for all red coloured cultivated / ornamental Leaa, I would go for Leea guineensis G. Don, for they all feature petals creamy-white inside. And leaves are quite different – wavy, shiny, cuneate at base …. as in Singapore Govt. Agency site – Flora fauna web. All other sites might have mixed up L. rubra and L. guineensis.
It is expected that flowers of L. guineensis would be “creamish yellow” when open, because the “paper”, while describing Leea setuligera Clarke, notes. “very similar to L. guineensis in general appearance, and possibly frequently overlooked and confused with that species.
Thanks, Sir ji, it was more of my learning process than to establish any identification of relevant threads!
And, imagine, just now what I have found out !!! –
A few words extracted from an account of Leea sambucina Willd., in the “FLORA OF TROPICAL AFRICA, Vol-I, 1868”.
“A suberrect woody shrub about 8 ft high, ………. Corolla oblong, 1/8 in. deep, glabrous, bright red on the outside, yellow within or entirely orange. …….”
In the “paper”, I am following, it was referred to as L. sambucina auct. non.Wild.. …… Baker in Fl. Tr. Afr. I (1868) …”, under L. guineensis G. Don.!
Leea setuligera herbarium from India at KEW –
Note : 1) closely set lateral nerves (2) closely set serraturem on leaf margin.
In … post – efi thread – (3) indumentum on adaxial leaf surface
Leea guineensis herbarium from India, at KEW –
Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 18.12.14:
Some species found in India with description from Flora of Pakistan (Distribution):
Leea edgeworthii Santapau (Pakistan, Nepal and India) is a synonym of Leea asiatica (L.) Ridsdale
Leea aequata L. (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), India, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China, Malaysia except New Guinea)
Leea alata Edgew. (Himalaya (Punjab to Bhutan), India)
Leea compactiflora Kurz (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), N. India, Burma, Indo-China, Yunnan)
Leea crispa Royen ex L. (Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), India, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China, W. China) is a synonym of Leea asiatica (L.) Ridsdale
Leea guineensis G. Don (Africa, Mascarenes, Himalaya (Nepal, Sikkim), India, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Micronesla)
Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr. (Himalaya (Nepal, Sikkim), India, Ceylon, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China, China, Malaysia, N. Australia, Polynesia)
Leea macrophylla Roxb. ex Hornem. (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), India, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China)
Some species found in India with description & keys from Flora of China (Distribution other than China):
Leea aequata Linnaeus [Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].
Leea asiatica (Linnaeus) Ridsdale in Manilal [Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].
Leea compactiflora Kurz [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam].
Leea guineensis G. Don [Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, Madagascar].
Leea indica (N. L. Burman) Merrill [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; N Australia, Pacific islands].
Leea macrophylla Roxburgh ex Hornemann [Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand].
Leea setuligera C. B. Clarke [India, Thailand].
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Brief Description-
Leea acuminata Wall. (syn. of Leea guineense),
Leea aequata L.,
Leea bracteata C.B.Clarke (syn. of Leea compactiflora Kurz),
Leea crispa L. (syn. of Leea asiatica),
Leea herbacea Ham. (syn. of Leea asiatica),
Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006)- Description-
Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr.,
Leea macrophylla Roxb. &
Leea setuligera C.B.Clarke
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details with keys–
Leea asiatica: Leaves pinnate or 3-foliate; lower surface pubecent beneath especially along veins; lateral veins 11-15 pairs; marginal teeth rounded or obtuse; berry 5-7 mm
Leea indica: Leaves 2- to 3-pinnate; lower surface glabrous, lateral veins 6-11 pairs; marginal teeth sharp; berry 8-10 mm
Leea species in Sahyadri: Would like to know the checklist of Leea species distributed in Sahyadri
(Western Ghats of Maharashtra).
1. Leea asiatica
2. Leea indica
3. Leea macrophylla
4. Leea hirta … ¿ syn. of L. aequata ?
5. … and, any more ?
Key to ID L. asiatica and L. hirta will greatly help.
Found another species distributed in Maharashtra: Leea setuligera
Thus keys to ID of L. asiatica, L. hirta (syn. of Leea aequata L.) and L. setuligera will greatly help
Leea (Vitaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia : 1 post by 1 author.
If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.