Viola cinerea var. stocksii (Boiss.) Beck., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36: 36 1918 (syn: Viola etbaica Schweinf.; Viola nubica Hutchinson; Viola somalensis Engl.; Viola stocksii Boiss.);
Afghanistan (Paktia / Khost), Saudi Arabia, Oman, Somalia, Sudan, Socotra, Egypt (SE-Egypt), Iran (EC-Iran), India (Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat), Pakistan (Baluchistan, Karachi, Sind, Waziristan, Kurram, N.W.Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab), Pakistani Kashmir (Mirpur) as per CoL;

Annual herb, suffruticose, about 4-20 cm tall. Roots slender. Stem simple or branched from the base. Leaves simple, ovate-obovate, elliptic-lanceolate to narrow spathulate, about 1-4 x 0.5-2 cm across, base attenuate, slightly winged, decurrent into the petiole, margin sparsely crenulate to denticulate, apex acute or obtuse with mucronate tip, glabrous, lateral veins 3-5 on either side of the midrib, stipules subulate, linear lanceolate, margin sparsely denticulate or fimbriate, apex acuminate, persistent, about 2-6 mm long, petiole slender, about 0.5-1.5 cm long. Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic, white, pale purplish, about 5 mm across, on very slender long axillary pedicels, more than thrice as petioles, about 3-4.5 cm long, bi-bracteolate in the top, opposite, sepals 5, subequal, ovate-lanceolate to oblong, membranous, margins scarious or ciliate, persistent, about 2-5 x 1-2 mm across, petals 5, subequal, oblong-oblanceolate, erect or spreading, about 3-6 x 2-4 mm across, spurred basally, spur erect or cylindrical, about 1-2 mm long. Stamens 5, hypogynous, filaments short, anthers 2 loculed, free or connivent around ovary, tipped with triangular nectariferous membranous appendages. Ovary superior, ovoid-globose, sessile, 3 carpellary, glabrous, about 1-2 mm long, ovules many placentae parietal, style capitate, geniculate at base, about 1 mm long. Fruit capsule, tri-valved, oblong, about 4 mm across. Seeds usually 12 seeded, ovoid-globose, about 1 mm across, cream white, surface smooth, shiny.
Afghanistan, India: Gujarat, Punjab, Rajasthan, Iran, Oman, Pakistan
(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India.; Kailash, B. R., ATREE, Bangalore, India.; Royal Norwegian Embassy grants. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India as per India Biodiversity Portal)

Viola sp.: 7 images- 3 high res.
Savarkundla, Gujarat , 10 07 2021
Identified by Dr Minal Jani Prajapati as Viola cinerea, Flora of Pakistan identifies it as V. stocksii.
There is some confusion prevailing with names


Agra05 : 7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- 2 & 3 mb.
Need id of this herb from Agra, U.P.
17 November 19

Identified as viola stocksii by …

To me looks different from Viola stocksii as per

Please find attached some more images of herb.
Attachments (5)

Solanaceae member ?

Wonder! Same plant but this year leaves are looking totally different. Experts please check more images of plant.
Attachments (9)


Thanks, …, for the id. Yes, it should be Hybanthus enneaspermus (a highly variable species also with ovate leaves, as per details herein).

Yes, Viola stocksii only as identified earlier by Arun Kumar ji as per images and references at Viola cinerea var. stocksii


zinako banafasa: 3 high res. images.
location kutch
date 7/10/2022
local name :- zinako banafasa

Image quality is very poor

now confirmed this  plant Viola cinerea gujarati name (zinako banafasa)




Catalogue of Life  POWO 1  POWO 2  The Plant List Ver.1.1  Tropicos  IPNI  GBIF (High resolution specimens) High resolution specimen 1  High resolution specimen 2  Flora of Pakistan  FOP illustration  Pan India Bouquets  Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal  Bold  Pak Flora

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