Pseudechinolaena polystachya (Kunth) Stapf, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 495 1919. (syn: Echinochloa echinata P.Beauv.; Echinochloa polystachya (Kunth) Roberty; Echinolaena polystachya Kunth; Echinolaena trinii Zoll. & Moritzi; Lappago aliena Spreng.; Lappago oplismenoides Speg.; Loxostachys uncinata (Raddi) Peter; Nazia aliena (Spreng.) Scribn.; Nazia racemosa var. aliena (Spreng.) Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Oplismenus oplismenoides (Speg.) Speg.; Panicum disjunctum Steud.; Panicum echinatum Willd. ex Döll; Panicum heteranthum Link; Panicum heterochlamys Peter; Panicum trinii (Zoll. & Moritzi) Moritzi; Panicum uncinatum Raddi; Tragus alienus (Spreng.) Schult.);
Tropics & Subtropics: Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe as per POWO;

Slender annuals; nodes appressed pubescent. Leaves ovate-lanceate, 1.5-4.5 by 0.5-1 cm, base oblique, apex acute, pilose. Inflorescences of distant racemes. Spikelet ovoid, solitary, dorsally compressed; lower glume broadly ovate, 3-nerved, aristate; upper glume boat-shaped, 7-nerved, with rows of hooked bristles in between; lower lemma ovate, 3-nerved; palea convolute. Upper lemma crustaceous, 5-nerved, paleate; stamens 3. Caryopsis oblong, gibbous on the back.
Flowering and fruiting: September-December
Along margins of forests
(Attributions: Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi as per India Biodiversity Portal)

MS,Nov.,2021/48 Pseudechinolaena sp. ? for id.: 2 images.
Location : Durtlang
Date : 20-06-2018
Habit : Grass
Habitat : Wild

Pseudechinolaena polystachya (Kunth) Stapf ???


Yes it is Pseudechinolaena polystachya


370 ID wild grass:
Please ID wild grass,
Location: near Vannappuram, Thodupuzha, Idukki Dist., Kerala PIN:685607
Altitude: 1500fsl
Flower date: 07SEP2022, 11.20am
Habitat: wild moisture, stones on rocky misty hill, shady, wind
Plant habit: grass, erect, slender weak stem, hairy, annual
Height: 10cm
Leaves: alternate, ovate, acute, wavy, hairy, size upto:20×12mm
Flower: terminal pinnacle racemose, clustered, micro, green, non fragrant
Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x

May be from Poaceae.

Pseudechinolaena polystachya (Kunth) Stapf ??

Thank you very much for the ID suggestion.

It is close to Pseudechinolaena polystachya, a very common common grass grows in low altitude, my plant also Pseudechinolaena, but rarely grows only in high altitude shady hill area and its leaves are wavy (closeup images will be provided soon) and too little.

I guess this is the only sp. having distribution in India and the elevation range is 900-2100m.

Yes, it is grows in high altitude and very close to Pseudechinolaena polystachya, thank you very much for ID my plant,

only a slight difference that is outer sides of both sepals are hairy,

Pseudechinolaena polystachya


SK 3644 26 September 2022 – Poaceae: 5 very high res. images.

Location: Ranibari, Kathmandu
Date: 21 September 2022
Altitude: 1370m.
Habitat : Wild

Pseudechinolaena polystachya (Kunth) Stapf !

Yes, …, recently reported from Andhra Pradesh also; plenty population under the shade of moist places.

Nice to see this record from Kathmandu. Was it reported earlier in Nepal?

1 image.

Interesting. It is a grass of dense shady and moist localities. I wonder how it would be found on Tibetan plateau.

This is not Tibetan Plateau rather it is a valley and it was on moist shady area.

Concur with … it is seen in many places in karnataka also.

Id is Ok. Its presence in the Kathmandu valley is understandable. But, in the reference you posted, there is mention of ‘Tibetan Plateau’ also, which is surprising. May be they are talking about moister Eastern part of Tibet (adjoining Yunan)
What is the reference book?

OK …! By the way POWO, WCSP, CoL and GBIF have their distribution for Tibet.


Unknown Grass_Manipur: 2 images.
please suggest the ID of the grass.

Location: Imphal
December 2021
785m asl

Pseudechinolaena polystachya (Kunth) Stapf

Yes, appears close to images at

Yes. Pseudechinolaena polystachya



POWO  Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  WCSP  IPNI  GBIF (High resolution specimens)  Flora of China  FOC illustration  Flora of Zimbabwe  Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  Flora of peninsular India Kerala plants