Zanthoxylum khasianum Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. India 1: 494 (1875) (syn: Fagara khasyana (Hook.f.) Engl., Zanthoxylum yunnanense C.C.Huang);
Assam to China (W. Yunnan): Assam, China South-Central as per POWO;
Assam as per BSI Flora of India Checklist;
China (W-Yunnan), NE-India (Khasia) as per CoL;
Common name: Khasi Yellow-Wood • Garo: Sumet-cheng • Khasi: Jaiur
Hook. f. ; branches petioles and inflorescence pubescent, leaflets 8-10 pairs alternate rarely opposite small ovate with an obliquely curved narrowed obtuse apex quite glabrous, cymes axillary and terminal.
KHASIA MTS. ; at Myrung, alt. 4-6000 ft., J. D. H. & T. T.
A small very fragrant climbing straggling bush. Branches very slender, sparingly prickly. Leaves 1 ft. long, arched ; petiole more or less pubescent, usually copiously prickly underneath ; leaflets 1-13/4 in., straight or oblique, coriaceous, shining above, fully 1/3 of the blade usually occupied by the contracted apex ; partial petioles 1/10-1/4 in. Cymes (female only seen) 2 in., panicled, spreading, very pubescent. Pipe carpels 1-3, about 1/5 in. diam., globose, not beaked. Seeds globose, black.—I have not ventured to unite this with the very similar Chinese Z. cuspidatum, Champ, (in Kew Journ. Bot. iii. 329), though this agrees entirely in habit, the curious form of the alternate petioled small leaflets, and in the paniculate cyme and fruit ; it differs in being very pubescent on the branches petiole and rachis of the leaf and cyme, and in the small less coriaceous and less shining leaves, that do not blacken in drying.
(Attributions: IBIS Flora (Flora of British India))
Zanthoxylum khasianum from Manipur: 2 images.
Zanthoxylum khasianum found on Shirui Hill, Ukhrul distt., Manipur in June.
POWO Catalogue of Life GBIF (High resolution specimens) BSI Flora of India Checklist Flora of China FOC illustration Flowers of India India Biodiversity Portal IBIS Flora (Flora of British India) Wikipedia