List of Solanum species

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Detail of the flowers of Solanum dulcamara, one of the nearly 800 accepted taxa that make up the genus Solanum (Solanaceae), along with economically important species such as the potato (S. tuberosum), the tomato (S. lycopersicum) and the aubergine (S. melongena).

This is a list of species in the plant genus Solanum. There may be up to approximately 1500 species worldwide.[1] With some 800 accepted specific and infra-specific taxa of the more than 4,000 described, the genus Solanum contains more species than any other genus in the family Solanaceae and it is one of the largest among the angiosperms.

Phylogenetic analysis of molecular data has established or confirmed that the genera Lycopersicon, Cyphomandra, Normania, and Triguera, which were previously classified independently, should in reality be included within the Solanum. In fact, all the species from these four genera have been formally transferred to Solanum. On the other hand, the genus Lycianthes, which is sometimes included within the Solanum, has been shown to be a separate genus.[2][3][4][5]

The following alphabetical list of Solanum species provides the binomial name followed by the name of the species authority, abbreviated according to the appropriate conventions and uses.

The tuberous species within the genus (those related to Solanum tuberosum, the potato, and therefore often called wild potatoes) have been indicated with the letter T. The nothospecies belonging to the genus appear at the end of the list, that is those taxa that have originated from a hybrid between two different species (for example, Solanum × viirsooi, which has been shown to be an interspecific hybrid resulting from the cross between S. acaule and S. infundibuliforme.)[6]


Growth habit of Solanum atropurpureum


Growth habit of Solanum betaceum
Fruit of Solanum betaceum in longitudinal and axial cross section.
Inflorescence of Solanum bonariensis


Fruit and spiny stem of Solanum carolinense
Solanum chenopodioides growing between rocks
Detail of the flower of Solanum citrullifolium
Detail of the seeds of Solanum citrullifolium


Illustration of Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara, inflorescence and leaves
Detail of the fruit of Solanum dulcamara
Detail of the flowers of Solanum douglasii





Growth habit of Solanum heterodoxum
Fruit of Solanum heterodoxum. The fruit's persistent spiny sepals can also be seen.





Flower and leaves of Solanum linnaeanum
Solanum lycioides, flowers and leaves
Solanum lycocarpum - wolf apple


Fruit Solanum muricatum in cross section.
Spiny leaf of Solanum myriacanthum
Fruit of Solanum melongena (aubergine)


Leaves and flower of Solanum nigrum







Inflorescence of Solanum torvum
Compound leaf of Solanum tuberosum ("potato").
Inflorescence of Solanum tuberosum
Cultivar of Solanum tuberosum







Hybrid taxa (nothospecies)[edit]



  1. ^ "Genus Solanum". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney Australia. Retrieved 2008-10-15.
  2. ^ Olmstead, R. G., J. A. Sweere, R. E. Spangler, L. Bohs, & J. D. Palmer (1999) Phylogeny and provisional classification of the Solanaceae based on chloroplast DNA. M. Nee, D. E. Symon, R. N. Lester, & J. P. Jessop (eds.), Solanaceae IV: advances in biology and utilization. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, U.K. Pages 111-137
  3. ^ Olmstead, R. G.; Palmer, J. D. (1992). "A chloroplast DNA phylogeny of the Solanaceae: subfamilial relationships and character evolution". Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 79 (2): 346–360. doi:10.2307/2399773. JSTOR 2399773.
  4. ^ Olmstead, R. G.; Sweere, J. A. (1994). "Combining data in phylogenetic systematics: an empirical approach using three molecular data sets in the Solanaceae". Systematic Biology. 43 (4): 467–481. doi:10.1093/sysbio/43.4.467.
  5. ^ Bohs, L. (2005) Major clades in Solanum based in ndhF sequences. Pp. 27-49 in R. C. Keating, V. C. Hollowell, & T. B. Croat (eds.), A festschrift for William G. D'Arcy: the legacy of a taxonomist. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Vol. 104. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  6. ^ Okada, K.; Clausen, A. M.; Natural (1985). "Solanum acaule Bitter and S. infundibuliforme Philippi in the province of Jujuy, Argentina". Euphytica. 34: 227. doi:10.1007/bf00022884. S2CID 22463083.
  7. ^ a b [1] Two new species of Solanum (Solanaceae) from the Amotape-Huancabamba Zone of southern Ecuador and northern Peru
  8. ^ a b [2] Two new non-spiny Solanum species from the Bolivian Andes
  9. ^ a b c d [3] New species, additions and a key to the Brazilian species of the Geminata clade of Solanum
  10. ^ a b c d [4] Four new non-spiny Solanum (Solanaceae) species from South America
  11. ^ Tepe, Eric J.; Ridley, Glynis; Bohs, Lynn (2012). "A new species of Solanum named for Jeanne Baret, an overlooked contributor to the history of botany". PhytoKeys. 8 (8): 37–47. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.8.2101. PMC 3254248. PMID 22287929.
  12. ^ a b c [5] Three new species of Solanum (Brevantherum Clade) endemic to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest
  13. ^ IPNI Solanum caelicola
  14. ^ New plant species from the heart of Texas
  15. ^
  16. ^ Solanum fernandesii (Solanaceae): A new species of ‘spiny solanum’ of the Gardneri clade from northeastern Brazil
  17. ^ [6][7]
  18. ^ Stern, SR (2014). "A new species of spiny Solanum (Solanaceae) from Peru". PhytoKeys. 39 (39): 27–34. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.39.7513. PMC 4152889. PMID 25197223.
  19. ^ Silva Sampaio, Valéria (2016). "Solanum knappiae sp. nov. (Solanaceae) from the Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil". Nordic Journal of Botany. 34 (4): 395–399. doi:10.1111/njb.01102.
  20. ^ John G. Hawkes (1992). "William Lobb in Ecuador and the Enigma of Solanum lobbianum". Taxon. 41 (3): 471–475. doi:10.2307/1222817. JSTOR 1222817.
  21. ^ a b [8] Two new non-spiny Solanum (Solanaceae) from the Gran Chaco Americano
  22. ^ Chiarini, FE; Mentz, LA (2012). "A new species of Solanum sect. Acanthophora (Solanaceae) from Argentina and Brazil". PhytoKeys. 18 (18): 1–10. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.18.3903. PMC 3666602. PMID 23730189.
  23. ^ Distribution models and species discovery: the story of a new Solanum species from the Peruvian Andes
  24. ^ Distribution models and species discovery: the story of a new Solanum species from the Peruvian Andes
  25. ^ Spécimen - holotype Solanum sakhanii Hul
  26. ^ A range extension for the new plant species Solanum sakhanii Hul, and its medicinal uses in a Bunong community in Mondulkiri Province
  27. ^ Sandra Knapp (10 May 2013). A Revision of the Dulcamaroid Clade of Solanum L. (Solanaceae). PenSoft Publishers LTD. pp. 270–. ISBN 978-954-642-684-0.
  28. ^ "Neotropical Herbarium Specimens". Archived from the original on 2016-12-29. Retrieved 2016-12-28.
  29. ^ A Revision of Solanum Section Aculeigerum (the Solanum wendlandii Group, Solanaceae)
  30. ^ A new tetraploid species of Solanum L. sect. Solanum (Solanaceae) from Tanzania
  31. ^ Melissa Chan (25 February 2016). "Newly Discovered Flower Named After Matt Damon's The Martian Character". Time Magazine.
  32. ^ Dr. Chris Martine (28 September 2015). "Why I'm Naming a New Plant Species After The Martian". Huffington Post.


  • Nee, M. Index of Solanum names. Planetary Biodiversity Inventories (PBI), SolanaceaSource. [9]
  • Bohs, L (2001). "Revision of Solanum Section Cyphomandropsis (Solanaceae)". Syst. Bot. Monogr. 61: 1–85. doi:10.2307/25027891. JSTOR 25027891.
  • Knapp, S. 2002. Solanum Section Geminata (Solanaceae). In: Organization for Flora Neotropica, ed., Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 84.
  • Spooner, D. M.; et al. (2004). "Wild Potatoes (Solanum section Petota; Solanaceae) of North and Central America". Syst. Bot. Monogr. 68: 1–209. doi:10.2307/25027915. JSTOR 25027915.
  • United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). 2006. Solanum. [10]
  • "GRIN Species Records of Solanum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2008-10-15.