.
AY-er-va — Latinized form of the Arabic name for this plant
Dave’s Botanary
san-gwin-oh-LEN-tuh — full of bloodDave’s Botanary
.
commonly known as: climbing wool-plant • Gujarati: ગોરખગાંજો gorakhganjo • Hindi: नुरिया nuriya, सफेद फुलीया sufed phulia • Kannada: ನೆಲ ಹಿಂಡಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು nela hindi soppu • Nepali: अईतिनबोट aitinbot • Telugu: పెద్ద పిండికూర pedda pindi-kura, పురిటితీగె puriti-tige
.
Native of: s China, Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia
.
Perennial herb up to 2 m tall, simple or branched; branches and leaves mostly alternate, rarely opposite; leaves oblong to lanceolate, 2-8 cm long; flowers creamish-white or pink in compact simple or panicled spikes, latter sessile or pedunculate; bracts, bracteoles and tepals lanate or puberulous outside; outer tepals mucronate 2-2.5 mm long, inner shorter, acute, pseudostaminodes triangular; utricle ovate.
.
Bengal Plants describes as per efi thread:-
(i) leaves opposite and alternate mixed; spikes in terminal panicles as well as axillary ——- A. scandens Wall. (a climbing undershrub; Behar; Chota Nagpur)- a syn. of Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume)
(ii) leaves all alternate; spikes all axillary, fascicled —— A. lanata Juss. (an erect or prostrate undershrub; Behar; E. Bengal)
(iii) leaves filiform in opposite fascicles; spikes peduncled —– A. monsonia Mart. (a much branched herb in West Bengal; Chota Nagpur)

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/P1110184.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/P1110173.jpg

… is / not Aerva lanata ? : Attachments (3). 11 posts by 5 authors.

Much branched at base — long, slender, long, and terete … herbaceous plant standing about 1.5 m.
Place: Yeoor Hills (part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park)
Date:  12 DEC 09

ID please.


Yes …,  It seems to be Aerva lanata. The plant is clearly showing simple, alternate leaves on wooly branches. And the white flowers are also minute and in clusters.  


… many thanks …, but having got used to seeing the cylindrical flower clusters, the conical clusters here made me raise the query.

The other doubt is .. whether there is any other species confusingly close to A. lanata in Western Ghats of Maharashtra.


Pl. also check it for Nothosaerva brachiata (Amaranthaceae).


It may be Nothosaerva bractata. The Flora of British India says-Moquin has probably confused this with the very similar Aerva lanata. May be you are right.


…..to me this looks like Aerva sanguinolenta, but not very sure


This is not Aerva lanata.. the leaves are some what orbicular in A. lanata. instead it is Aerva sanguinolenta

1. Leaves subglabrous beneath
1. Leaves tomentose beneath
2. Inflorescence all axillary spikes or small clusters
3. Inflorescence axillary and terminal spikes A. sanguinolenta
2.
A. lanata
A. javanica
Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Bl., Bijdr. 547, 1825; Singh et al, Fl. Mah. St. 2: 780, 2001; Almeida, Fl. Mah. 4: 196, 2003; Pradhan et al, Fl. SGNP 521, 2005.
Synonyms: Achyranthes sanguinolenta L. Sp. Pl. ed, 2, 294, 1762. A. scandens Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 503, 1824. Aerva scandens (Roxb.) Moe. in DC., Prodr. 13(2): 300, 1849; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 727, 1885; Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bombay 2: 577, 1958 (Repr.). Gomphrena amaranthoides Roth. Nov. Pl. Sp. 182, 1821.
Nothosaerva has 1-2 staminodes where as Aerva has 5 staminodes.
Nothosaerva brachiate: leaves opposite, elliptic-lanceolate, acute or sub obtuse, base attenuate, 1.8-3.5 x 1-2 cm

Thank you very much …, for the long pending ID with me and EOI.



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerva-sanguinolenta-Morni%20hill%20tract-2.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerva-sanguinolenta-Morni%20hill%20tract-3-7.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerva-sanguinolenta-Morni%20hill%20tract-1-1.jpg

Aerva sanguinolenta from Morni hill tract, Haryana: Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume, Bijdr. 547. 1826
syn: Achyranthes sanguinolenta L.; Aerva scandens (Roxb.) Moq.

Perennial herb, frequently scrambling; leaves alternate or some opposite, elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic-ovate, white tomentose especially below; spikes white or pale pink, up to 6 cm long. 
Photographed from Morni Hill Tract on April 9, 2011


/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/alternanthera1.jpg

ID Request 2042011SP1: Location: Yeoor Hill, SGNP. Can anybody ID which sp. of Alternanthera is this?


– I think this can be Aerva sanguinolenta rather than an Alternanthera sp. Further views will clarify the things.


– … me too agree with Nidhan ji’s ID of Aerva sanguinolenta
Views of A. sanguinolenta at Yeoor Hills …
http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=Aervasanguinolenta&w=91314344%40N00&m…


Aerva sanguinolenta for me also


– It looks like relative of Gorakh Ganja of Baba Gorakhnath and must be Aerva.



Kalatope i.d. Al191111: A plant found by the Chamera Dam

Location Kalatope, Chamba
Altitude 1200 mts
Habit herb
Habitat wild
Height 2 feet
Season October-November


Probably from Amaranthaceae flowers look very close to Celosia 


,,, possibly some species of Aerva ?


It may be Nothosaerva brachiata.


May be Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume


I think … is right, Aerva sanguilenta

Leaves and branches are opposite or subopposite in Nothosaerva brachiata.



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_MG_6297s.jpg

Plant for ID : 30/11/2011 SMP4 Purandar: A shrub with white spikes observed at many places on and near base of Fort Purandar.
Height of the plant 5 feet.
Appears to be from Amaranthaceae.


This is an Aerva species. Can it be Aerva tomentosa?


I hope Aerva sanguilenta


Thanks … for the ID of Aerva sanguinolenta from Amaranthaceae.
A link from FOI
Just wondering what is red coloured here …lenta? lenticels? Sir ji can you find out?


.


Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae Week :: Aerva lanata Near Pune.Purandar SMP3:  Aerva lanata Near Pune. Purandar SMP3


Nice Snaps indeed..
Was the plant scandent (climbing ) in habit ?
As I can see the spikes are of both terminal and axillary positions, I guess this plant to be Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume

[Synonym :Aerva scandens (Roxb.) Wall.]. However, I believe, in A. sanguinolenta (L.) Blume, ALL flowers are bisexual, whereas Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. has both unisexual & bisexual flowers. Therefore, sexuality of the flowers may better help in ID too.


Yes … You have a valid point there. This looks more like Aerva sanguinolenta.
The plant was erect though.



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_5889-1.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_5808.jpg

Aerva sanguinolenta: Seen this large Herb at Machi-Prabal.
Bot. name: Aerva sanguinolenta
Family:
Amaranthaceae
Date/Time: 22-01-2012 / 09:45AM
Location: Prabal Machi (En-route Kalawantin)
Habitat: Wild.


Prabalgad is no doubt a beautiful place to visit any time but unfortunately this place is slowly getting spoiled by the picnickers. Secondly, valley in between Matheran and Prabalgad is also worth exploring, very good forest cover along with back water of Morbe dam.  


Thanks … We saw many at Morni


Yes, this one is bit common here also.


.


Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae Week :: PKA13 : Aerva sanguinolenta at Prabalgad:  Seen this large Herb at Machi-Prabal.
Bot. name: Aerva sanguinolenta
Family: Amaranthaceae
Date/Time: 22-01-2012 / 09:45AM
Location: Prabal Machi (En-route Kalawantin)
Habitat: Wild.



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/BRGuW_Rqygr_Hx563Ml-8DzjkdcLaWwHx1HzF5wN9_Q7l0zjP-MTvmG9WgyWw6S7wHQLNzxATjwTcnBHp7N-i4fFTe-xGN9E72tShdEfTrIC-w5000-h5000.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/dbWO98oJ7R0wWH-LjgGp4J6dFkxRidlXJ0KxIFPG6e6Nhwg5BN-nzY53r6BW2ZmfeLqLQuLBJFtgV7Fg9a3qIBJPZ3kxkSxwLfuAOUjRuQX8-w5000-h5000.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/bOfaTdd8vVXKXbvIxag9nNdUmf4mcLgZ2euBVZZfQN8613hwql6wPsgPZa1s2JDno9abNkj_xniH_9QB2mj6CYWOIGZPXV_D3WUs6GTRWRbC-w5000-h5000.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/xo95rQDbhXf-Rj_L9R9UM7VBRNGA0_d5AvVyu7Eb5z-i3or1lsO6TTZ-4XGffn1s4t2YURU9X-xDbJYdxcmN5WlO9lTwNf5lEV8778mM9mhH-w5000-h5000.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/6u4vJLrya_bis1R2Sw7KtKr_nMtC9NU5te9m6Kf5rKezDhHMlDImYbH2jfj5Sy8Hp1Hznr1qCjqub2XMzSZFLQ434AUyWD-TA-fssZJSXhSL-w5000-h5000.jpg

Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae Week :: DV05 :: 27 DEC 11 08:24:54 :: Aerva sanguinolenta at Amboli: Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume

AY-er-va — Latinized form of the Arabic name for this plantDave’s Botanary
san-gwin-oh-LEN-tuh — full of bloodDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: climbing wool-plant • Gujarati: ગોરખગાંજો gorakhganjo • Hindi: नुरिया nuriya, सफेद फुलीया sufed phulia • Kannada: ನೆಲ ಹಿಂಡಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು nela hindi soppu • Nepali: अईतिनबोट aitinbot • Telugu: పెద్ద పిండికూర pedda pindi-kura, పురిటితీగె puriti-tige
Native of: s China, Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia
References: Flowers of IndiaFlora of PakistanNPGS / GRINENVIS – FRLHT

at Amboli on 27 DEC 11



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerua-sanguilenta-near%20Ranikhet-IMG_0976-b.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerva-sanguilenta-Dakpathar-DSC08958-b.jpg

Chenopodiacea and Amaranthaceae Week: Aerva sanguinolenta from Morni and Dakpathar: Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 547. 1826.

Perennial herb up to 2 m tall, simple or branched; branches and leaves mostly alternate, rarely opposite; leaves oblong to lanceolate, 2-8 cm long; flowers creamish-white or pink in compact simple or panicled spikes, latter sessile or pedunculate; bracts, bracteoles and tepals lanate or puberulous outside; outer tepals mucronate 2-2.5 mm long, inner shorter, acute, pseudostaminodes triangular; utricle ovate.

Photographed from Morni and Dakpathar



 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerva_sanguinolenta.JPG

AMARANTHACEAE-CHENOPODIACEAE week DSR..013:Aerva sanguinolenta: Attaching the picture of Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume. (Amaranthaceae) taken at Pantnagar Uttarakhand. It is common here.



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerva%20sanguinolenta%20-L.-%20Blume%20-6-.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerva%20sanguinolenta%20-L.-%20Blume%20-2-.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerva%20sanguinolenta%20-L.-%20Blume%20-3-.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerva%20sanguinolenta%20-L.-%20Blume%20-5-.JPG

Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae Week: BS22: Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume from Morni Hills Haryana: Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume from Morni Hills Haryana


Yes … Excellent photographs.



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/aerva.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/ablm%20030.jpg

Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume SN Mar 44 : Attachments (2). 1 post by 1 author.

Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume , Fam : Amaranthaceae, undershrub wild from eastern Ghats of Andhrapradesh



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/xP1120691.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/P1120684.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/P1120690.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/P1120692.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/xP1120689.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/xP1120692.jpg

Hooghly sk-nov-15 : I have no idea about this purple : 20 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)

This is another ornamental herb, recorded yesterday (22.11.14). Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume?


Please check for Alternanthera Species.


Thank you very much …, before submitting I searched for Alternanthera but couldn’t find any match. Moreover this herb has both, alternate and opposite leaves, thought could be some Aerva, but again couldn’t find any match. However, this small herb is not rare here, many houses in villages plant this species around their boundary.


Alternanthera – species in eFIoraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)


This is not Alternanthera –

  • Leaves opposite, sessile or petiolate; ……. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, sessile or pedunculate, several-flowered cylindric spikes or globose heads, without immediately subtending leaves” = FoNA
  •  Leaves opposite, margin entire. Flowers perfect, in sessile or peduncled heads, solitary in axils of bracts….” = FoC
  • “…  opposite leaves. Inflorescences of sessile or pedunculate heads or short spikes, axillary, solitary or clustered, bracteate” = FoP

Thank you


tradescantia has both alternate and paired leaves on the same stem…

but the flower buds do not seem familiar to me at all.

i am not sure what it may be
I am off to a sick relative (one of many who have been taking up my time last year or two)

tonight I might tackle this case

till then I am sure you’ll find the answer.


My question is – where is the “full of blood” in our Aerva sanguinolenta database?


ami ki aerva’s kotha bollum?
I dont think so
I still favor looking into the wandering jew family or near about in the family branch


I have doubt if it comes from Tradescantia family. Usually the family features leaves with parallel nerves.


I fail to understand why you are opposing (?) Aerva. If i do not make much mistake I think this herb comes from amaranthaceae. And since leaves are both alternate and opposite it is likely to be Aerva.
If we accept that it can be an Aerva, let us check the probability of A. s. –
What we have in eFI is A. scandens Roxb., which is Indian equivalent to A. sanguinolenta L. In the following books A. s. is synonymous with Verbena rubra –
  1. Book link 1
  2. Book link 2
.. meaning something “red” should be found in the plant A. sanguinolenta, as can be seen in – http://taibif.org.tw/flower/detail.php?sc=Aerva+sanguinolenta (hope the site is authentic, since it comes from http://taibif.org.tw/flower/index.php?locale=en).
Linnaean collection can be found at –

I am very surprised at what commelinaceae features you have found in this herb.


yes, … i though the flower spike sort of/ vaguely reminded me of amaranth group but did not know which

no time to do the digging

had to run to the nursing home!!!

what else is there

so if it was not wandering jew group…
it has to be amaranth group
this makes sense
too late right now

still have to eat dinner… 2am time for breakfast.. but i’ll look in am


After receiving your earlier mail I was very confused and did search Tradescantia family. But I noted that all leaves are parallel nerved. Moreover, inflorescence are  subtended by spathe like bracts. So, I skipped the family and concentrated on the amaranth group.


Pl. try Alternanthera brasiliana


May be you are correct, but following points go against Alternanthera –
  1. distal alternate leaves (attached here larger images)
  2. spikes are not globose
  3. the apical inflorescence is thyrsoid

Thank you


Illecebrum sanguinolentum L. is a prostrate plant, with alternate downy sessile spikes. The spikes of Alternanthera brasiliana is white and globose. Attached here entry by Haines in his BoBO.
I think it is a cultivar of Aerva sangunolenta L.
Attachments (1)

great then that should be the final diagnosis, … nobody is as thorough as you

I accept your verdict


Attached here a new set of photos. In pic1 you can see 1) two stigmas, 2) central green vitta along the midrib of inner tepal. 2. In pic2 you can see stamens connected with alternate staminodes (like that of Miss University crown!). Again in pic3 you can see green vitta.
If I had a SLR the pictures would have been more clear with bigger macro.

This is Aerva sanguinolenta L.

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/pic2.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/P1120756.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/P1120752.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/pic3.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/pic1.jpg

Attachments (5)


hats off to your tenacity, …



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_0199%20aa.jpg

another weed, herb for id:  this is also growing in the paddy field
please id


Aerva lanata ??


Aerva lanata..


Though image is not clear, it appears more closer to images at Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume   


Me too think the same,



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/rk_for-id_063_1.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/rk_for-id_063_5.jpg

Grass ID request – RK63 – 18-Dec-2012: Request identification of this grass from Tungareshwar. It is about 2 feet high and is flowering now (18.12.12).


First three are Aerva lanata but sure about last one.


Thanks a lot … I thought the last photo is also of the same plant since it was growing there only but now I noticed that Aerva lanata has alternate leaves while the last photo in my mail has opposite leaves so maybe I mixed up. I am attaching another photo of the plant with the opp. leaves.


Appears closer to images at Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume 



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerva%20lanata3.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerva%20lanata4.JPG

Flora of Morni- Aerva lanata – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

Aerva lanata from Morni


Yes … Aerva lanata


To me appears close to images at Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume 



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Amarethaceae%202.jpg


in Pench and Satprura, flowers during rainy season;
Herb form Pench and Satpura 081109 – NSD 91 – efloraofindia | Google Groups

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0434-4-8.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0435-5-7.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0429-9.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0428-2-0.JPG

Flora of Bihar_ID Plz_RKC02_010611: Loc.: Kahalgaon, Dist.: Bhagalpur, Bihar (ca 50msl)
Date: February, 2011
Habit: Herb, upto 50cms high.


It may be some Aerva species.


This looks like Aerva lanata.


I feel Aerva javanica


Perhaps Aerva sanguinolenta

To me appears close to images at Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume 


/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerva_Dharamshala%20Kangra%20FortIMG_7279.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerva_Dharamshala%20Kangra%20FortIMG_7278.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Aerva_Dharamshala%20Kangra%20FortIMG_7280.JPG

HP, Oct 2014 :: Requesting ID – small shrub :: ARKJAN-04 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)

Requesting to please provide ID of this small shrub captured in the Kangra fort near Dharamshala, HP in October 2014.


To me appears close to images at Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume   



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSCN8253-1.JPG

Aerva sanguinolenta AT/MAY2019/23 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1) – 1 Mb.

Aerva sanguinolenta
Climbing Wool-Plant
Hamirpur (H.P.)
Jan 2018



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/rNaGWRDkOCV9vrxanbyCalK8AGKQgCZoU-4vD3dgE-vpxclUHUd_XsRHADOqrcUQKLD9eZP-8PuYQVdMBZCKJhBqAkRbDmkcYBzrORQX78BP3ag-w5000-h5000.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/fDsStIyISWG26MYVOwUqP22ZASzm1jw8KrA8W40JGUqYzmwJSFGfcM4EpL76SCwBiQsVbzzumia4F5L1fDjPDqt_7PMwJbqI7osqOuMdQYZKU8c-w5000-h5000.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/fSnQ9NBNhwQRRpF9kSEME7vGa55Gd_3peGujmoiMZfMHKPWOK4eqYPKPaNiux3S3eSciNmJowbnckJxBsMex75LBnbrbY3FtJNyH-A74uMIU79w-w5000-h5000.jpg

Prabalmachi  between Matheran and Panvel

Date: November 30, 2019 … Altitude: about 390 m (1,280 ft) asl  
Aerva sanguinolenta  (L.) Blume

yes. an amaranthaceae and as the name suggests the red varieties are also prevalent.
apparently important in herbal medicine for bronchitis etc
and ethnic uses are multiple and in recent years studied for possible Hepatoprotective effects

and is included in the Janakai Ammal herbarium depository


This I saw and recorded in Feb near Lonawala.

I was informed on facebook, it has red variant too and is used as ornamental.


 


/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_DSC0933-3.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_DSC0937-2-8.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_DSC0934-5-2.JPG

SK1080 11 APR-2018 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)

Location:  Nagarkot, Nepal  
Date: 3 April 2018
Altitude: 6000 ft.
Habit: Cultivated



I guess hairy nature of stem, inflorescence and leaves different from Alternanthera bettzickiana.


I don’t think it is Alternanthera, I hope Aerva sanguinolenta



.

References:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *