Allium ampeloprasum L. (Cultivated)

(Images by Nalini (Inserted by J.M.Garg))






Allium cepa L. var. aggregatum G. Don (Images by Gurcharan Singh & P. Santhan (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Allium cepa L. (Images by Surajit Koley & TSP Kumar (Inserted by J.M.Garg & Surajit Koley))



Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name English name
Herb Plains,
Cultivated, Native of Mediterranean Region
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. III, 1989
All districts Vengaayam Onion
Allium porrum L. Herb Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Eurasia 
Dindigul   Leek
Allium sativum L. Herb Plains,
Cultivated, Native of Mediterranean Region
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989
Vellaipoondu Garlic


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name

Allium ampeloprasum Alliaceae Elephant Garlic
Allium cepa Alliaceae Onion
Allium cernuum Alliaceae Nodding Onion
Allium hookeri Alliaceae Hooker Chives
Allium humile Allium govanianum, Allium nivale Alliaceae Small Alpine Onion
Allium przewalskianum Allium stoliczkii, Allium jacquemontii var. parviflorum Alliaceae Ladakh Onion
Allium sativum Allium ophioscorodon, Allium pekinense Alliaceae Garlic
Allium schoenoprasum Alliaceae Chives
Allium semenovii Allium tristylum Alliaceae Semenov’s Onion
Allium tuberosum Allium roxburghii, Allium sulvia Alliaceae Garlic Chives
Allium victorialis Cepa victorialis, Allium plantagineum, Allium anguinum Alliaceae Alpine Leek
Allium wallichii Alliaceae Himalaya Onion


 (Allium stoliczkii Regel is a synonym of Allium przewalskianum Regel)
Vegetables edited by G. J. H. Grubben (2004)- Great details-
Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology: Production, Compostion … By D. K. Salunkhe, S. S. Kadam- (1998)- Great details-

Onions and Other Vegetable Alliums By James L. Brewster 
Allium : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Allium

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


Pl. go through Allium (Amaryllidaceae) page with images of species (done by me) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.



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