List of species found in India as published in Legumes of India by Sanjappa (1992):

  1. Alysicarpus beddomei Schindler [synonym of Desmodiastrum racemosum var. rotundifolium (Baker) A.Pramaanik & Thoth.]
  2. A. belgaumensis Wight is a synonym of Desmodiastrum belgaumense (Wight) A.Pramanik & Thoth.
  3. A. bupleurifolius (L.) DC. [var. bupleurifolius; var. gracilis; var. hybridus]
  4. A. gamblei Schindler
  5. A. glumaceus (Vahl) DC.
  6. A. hamosus Edgew.
  7. A. heterophyllus (Baker) Jafri & Ali
  8. A. heyneanus Wight & Arn. [var. heyneanus; var. ludens; var meeboldii]
  9. A. longifolius (Rottler ex Spreng.) Wight & Arn.
  10. A. luteovexillatus Naik & Pokle
  11. A. monilifer (L.) DC.
  12. A. ovalifolius (Schumach.) J. Leon.
  13. A. pubescens Law [var. pubescens; var. vasavadae]
  14. A. racemosus Benth. [synonym of Desmodiastrum racemosum (Benth.) A.Pramanil & Thoth.]
  15. A. roxburghianus Thoth. & Pramanik
  16. A. scariosus (Rottler ex Spreng.) Grah. ex Thw. [var. scariosus; var. pilifer]
  17. A. tetragonolobus Edgew.
  18. A. vaginalis (L.) DC. [var. vaginalis; var. nummularifolia; var. stocksii; var. venosa]

Scrutiny of these names in The Plant List indicate that some are synonyms and now placed in another genus.

As published in 1992, the list does not include the new species published after 1992. Some species published after Sanjappa (1992) from India are:

  1. Alysicarpus mahabubnagarensis
  2. A. misquitei
  3. A. naikianus
  4. A. salim-alii
  5. A. saplianus
  6. A. sanjappae

Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Alysicarpus beddomei Schind. is a synonym of Desmodiastrum racemosum var. rotundifolium (Baker) A.Pramanik & Thoth. Herb Western Ghats,
Moist Deciduous Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Alysicarpus bupleurifolius (L.) DC. var. bupleurifolius  Herb Plains
to Mid Altitude
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dharmapuri, Kanchee puram, Madurai, Nilgiri,
Salem, Thiruvallur,
Tirunelveli, Virudhu nagar
Alysicarpus bupleurifolius (L.) Dc. var. gracilis (Edgew.) Baker Herb Western
Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests, Exposed Slopes
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Gamble, 1957
Dindigul, Madurai, Tiruvanna malai 
Alysicarpus bupleurifolius (L.) Dc. var. hybridus DC. Herb Plains Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Alysicarpus glumaceus (Vahl) DC.  Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests
Dharmapuri, Kanniya kumari, Madurai, Nilgiri, Salem, Tiruchchira ppalli,
Tirunelveli, Viluppuram, Virudhu nagar  
Alysicarpus heterophyllus (Benth. ex Baker)
Jefri & Ali
Herb Eastern
Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests,  Exposed
Vijaya Sankar, 2007
Tiruvanna malai 
Alysicarpus longifolius Wight & Arn. Herb Plains Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dharmapuri, Madurai, Virudhu nagar
Alysicarpus monilifer (L.) DC.  Herb Plains
to Low Altitude
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Alysicarpus ovalifolius (Schumac) J. Leon. Herb Plains Sanjappa,
Alysicarpus racemosus Benth. is a synonym of Desmodiastrum racemosum (Benth.) A.Pramanik & Thoth. Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Alysicarpus roxburghianus Thoth. &
Under shrub
Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests
Thothathri & A. Pramanik, (1979) 1981
Alysicarpus scariosus (Rottler. ex. Spring)
Grah. ex  Thw.  var. pilifer (Prain) Pramanik & Thoth.
Herb Plains Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Kanchee puram, Ramanatha puram, Thiruvallur,
Tiruvanna malai, Viluppuram
Alysicarpus scariosus Rottler. ex. Spring)
Grah. ex  Thw.  var. scariosus
Herb Plains Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Cuddalore, Dharmapuri, Kanniya kumari, Ramanatha puram, Viluppuram
Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC. var. stocksii Baker Herb Plains Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Virudhu nagar
Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC. var. vaginalis Herb Plains
to Low Altitude, Waste lands
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983

Alysicarpus belgaumensis is a synonym of Desmodiastrum belgaumense (Wight) A.Pramanik & Thoth. Fabaceae Belgaum Alyce Clover
Alysicarpus bupleurifolius Hedysarum bupleurifolium, Hedysarum gramineum Fabaceae Sweet Alyce Clover
Alysicarpus hamosus Alysicarpus procumbens, Hedysarum procumbens Fabaceae Round-Leaf Alyce Clover
Alysicarpus longifolius Hedysarum longifolium Fabaceae Long Leaved Alyce Clover
Alysicarpus pubescens Fabaceae Bicolor Alyce Clover
Alysicarpus tetragonolobus Fabaceae Red Alyce Clover
Alysicarpus vaginalis Alysicarpus rupicola, Alysicarpus nummularifolius, Hedysarum cylindricum Fabaceae Alyce Clover



Alysicarpus sanjappae (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae), a new species from the Western Ghats of India by Shantanu Chavan, M. M. Sardesai, D. S. Pokle- Kew Bulletin March 2013, Volume 68, Issue 1, pp 183-186-
SummaryAlysicarpus sanjappae, a new species (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae) from the Western Ghats of India, is described and illustrated. It resembles A. heyneanus Wight & Arn., but differs in having a prostrate habit, stems and branches strigose with a line of distant hairs, leaves usually 1-foliolate mixed with 3-foliolate, stipules and stipels distinctly ciliate only at the tip, secondary bracts, a glabrous pedicel, dark brown hairs present only on the margins at the tip of all sepals, a yellow corolla tinged with red, and rugose pods, as long as or slightly longer than the sepals.


An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys

Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998)- Details with keys

Floristic Diversity of Assam: Study of Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary By Bora, Yogendra Kumar (2003)- Details with keys

Encyclopaedia of world medicinal plants, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-

Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: (Except … edited by Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (2001)- Details-
As per efi thread :
There will be a sterile terminal segment on the fruits in Alysicarpus and is lacking in Desmodium. I think this demarcation will make our identification more easier than considering the the floral characters

Alysicarpus : 3 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Alysicarpus

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

I have added the list of species known in India based on Sanjappa (1992).

Thanks, … Other literature links match with it.


Pl. go through Alysicarpus (‎‎‎‎‎‎‎Fabaceae (Leguminosae)) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *