Anaphalis virgata Thomson (India (Dras, Ladakh, Zanskar, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh); Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, Gilgit, Astor); Nepal; Bhutan; W-Tibet; China (Xinjiang); Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Afghanistan (Wakhan, Kunar / Nuristan) as per Catalogue of Life)
FLOWERING PLANTS OF INDIA, DICOTYLEDONS, Vol-I (Acanthaceae-Avicenniaceae) authored by S. Karthikeyan, M. Sanjappa and S. Moorthy and published by BSI, Kolkata in 2009 is an important document for names, authority and distribution of Asteraceae species in India.
As per this document (Karthikeyan et al., 2009) following species of Anaphalis occur in India:
Scrutiny of these names in The Plant List indicate that few are synonyms as mentioned against the names.
Anaphalis are indeed difficult to identify. Providing a key for identification of common species.
Keys for common Anaphalis species in West Himalaya, based on Naithani (1984):
1a. Involucral bracts acute, spreading in flowers
2a. Head diameter 1.2-2.5cm
3a. Leaves 1.2-5 cm long; involucral bracts ovate-lanceolate
4a. Lower leaves spathulate half amplexicaule….A.cuneifolia
4b. Lower leaves obovate-spathulate, contracted at base.. A.nepalensis
3b. Leaves 5-10cm long; involucral bracts ovate-lanceolate acute…A.triplinervis
2b. Head diameter 0.6-0.8 cm
5a. Stout roots, plants woody based, twisted, with many short branches having linear spathulate leaves, involucral bracts with a broad brown claw….A.xylorhiza
5b. Root woody but stem not twisted, many, involucral bracts white ….A.royleana
1b. Involucral bracts, obtuse, erect in head
6a. Lanceolate leaves
7a. Leaves thin, lower surface cinnamon red or grey…A.margaritacea
7b. Leaves thick, lower surface white …A.adnata
6b. Linear leaves
8a. Leaves 3.8-5 cm long
9a. Basal lobe long, decurrent, involucral bracts elliptic oblong, 2-2.5 mmlong…A.busua
9b. Basal lobes narrow, apiculate, involucral bracts linear oblong, 4mm long …A.virgata
8b. Leaves 1.2-2.5 cm long, basal lobes short …A.contorta
HOWEVER, to follow keys plant specimens, rather than pics, are more desirable in addition to basic ground in Plant Taxonomy.
Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 13.3.14 :
Anaphalis corymbosa is a synonym of Anaphalis nepalensis var. corymbosa (Bureau & Franch.) Hand.-Mazz.
Anaphalis yunnanensis var. muliensis is a synonym of Anaphalis muliensis (Hand.-Mazz.) Hand.-Mazz.
Anaphalis yunnanensis var. yunnanensis
Anaphalis himachalensis (Asteraceae): A new species from NW India by B. S. Aswal, A. K. Goel- Nordic Journal of Botany Volume 8, Issue 4, pages 337–338, September 1988 Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
Abstract– A new species, Anaphalis himachalensis (Asteraceae) is described from the Lahaul-Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh in North-West Himalayas.
CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names … By Umberto Quattrocchi (2012)-
Anaphalis aristata (DC.) DC.
Anaphalis morrisonicola Hayata
Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 3 By T. Pullaiah, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2007)- Details with Keys–
Anaphalis adnata Wall. ex DC.
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with Keys–
Anaphalis adnata Wall. ex DC.
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett-
Anaphalis barnesii C.E.C.Fisch.- Endangered – Kerala
Anaphalis beddomei Hook.f.- Indeterminate- Tamilnadu
Uses and Abuses of Plant-Derived Smoke: Its Ethnobotany as Hallucinogen … By Marcello Pennacchio, Lara Jefferson, Kayri Havens – Details-
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)-
Anaphalis hookeri C.B.Clarke
Plant diversity hotspots in India: an overview by V. Mudgal, Ministry of Environment & Forests, 1997 – Nature – 179 pages-
Anaphalis cavei Chatterjee,
Anaphalis hookeri C.B.Clarke,
Anaphalis notoniana (DC.) DC.,
Anaphalis subumbellata C.B.Clarke ………
Anaphalis : 1 post by 1 author.
I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Anaphalis
Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.
Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.
If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
I have added list of Anaphalis species known in India based on Karthikeyan et al. 2009.
Thanks a lot, …
Matches well with species given in other litratures/ floras etc. except for a few varieties here & there.
However, Anaphalis araneosa DC. & Anaphalis nubigena DC. from Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993) & FRLHT Indian Medicinal Plants Nomenclature Database with images/ herbarium, distribution, local names etc. are not there in Karthikeyan et al. 2009, as both sources seems to be quite old.
As far as A. Alata is concerned, FOC calls Anaphalis alata Maximowicz as Anaphalis sinica var. alata (The valid publication of Anaphalis alata Maximowicz var. viridis Handel-Mazzetti (Acta Horti Gothob. 12: 245. 1938) simultaneously created the autonym A. alata var. alata, which has priority at varietal rank over A. sinica var. remota Y. Ling (Acta Phytotax. Sin. 11: 103. 1966), hence the need for this new combination.), while as per The Plant List Anaphalis alata Maxim. is a synonym of Anaphalis sinica var. remota Ling.
A. araneosa DC. is synonym of A. busua (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) DC. and A. nubigena DC. is synonym of A. nepalensis (Spreng.) Hand.-Mazz. in Karthikeyan et al. 2009.
We may keep the name A. sinica var. remota as also suggested in the link which is a reliable source
Anaphalis (Asteraceae (Compositae)) page with images of species in efloraofindia : 1 post by 1 author.
If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.
Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.