Artemisia absinthium L., Sp. Pl. 848 1753. (syn: Absinthium bipedale Gilib. [Invalid]; Absinthium majus Garsault [Invalid]; Absinthium officinale Brot.; Absinthium vulgare (L.) Lam.; Artemisia absinthia St.-Lag.; Artemisia absinthium var. insipida Stechm.; Artemisia arborescens var. cupaniana Chiov.; Artemisia arborescens f. rehan (Chiov.) Chiov.; Artemisia baldaccii Degen; Artemisia doonense Royle; Artemisia inodora Mill.; Artemisia kulbadica Boiss. & Buhse; Artemisia pendula Salisb.; Artemisia rehan Chiov.; Artemisia rhaetica Brügger);
Common name: Wormwood, bsinthium, green ginger, madderwort • Hindi: vilayati afsantin • Kannada: urigattige, uruvalu, davana • Malayalam: nilampala, shulabandha, tirunitri-pachcha •
Marathi: serpana, surpan, surapeena • Sanskrit: damar, indhana • Tamil: macipattiri, macippaccai • Telugu: moshipatri, tartiha • Urdu: afsanteen, qaisoom
It is grown as an ornamental plant and is used an ingredient in the spirit absinthe as well as some other alcoholic drinks.
Artemisia absinthium is a herbaceous, perennial plant with fibrous roots. The stems are straight, growing to 0.8–1.2 metres (2 ft 7 in–3 ft 10 in) (rarely 1.5 m, but, sometimes even larger) tall, grooved, branched, and silvery-green. The leaves are spirally arranged, greenish-grey above and white below, covered with silky silvery-white trichomes, and bearing minute oil-producing glands; the basal leaves are up to 25 cm long, bipinnate to tripinnate with long petioles, with the cauline leaves (those on the stem) smaller, 5–10 cm long, less divided, and with short petioles; the uppermost leaves can be both simple and sessile (without a petiole). Its flowers are pale yellow, tubular, and clustered in spherical bent-down heads (capitula), which are in turn clustered in leafy and branched panicles. Flowering is from early summer to early autumn; pollination is anemophilous. The fruit is a small achene; seed dispersal is by gravity.
It grows naturally on uncultivated, arid ground, on rocky slopes, and at the edge of footpaths and fields.
(From Wikipedia on 10.6.13)
Artemisia absinthium from Kashmir, found growing on dry slopes of Shankeracharya hill, Photographed on June 24, 2010. The plant is source of drug santonin.
Oleum absinthii or wormwood oil is extracted from it used in curing nerval diseases.
Here are local names for this:
English: Absinthe, Wormwood, Madderwood
Sans: Indhana, Damar
Hindi: Vilayathi afsinth
Beng. & Guj: Mastaru
Tel: Tartiha, moshipatri
Kan: Uruvalu, urittige
Mal: Nilampala, tirunitripachcha
Thanks … for sharing the photos of this plant. This is the food plant of caterpillars of Painted lady butterflies.
Asteraceae Fortnight Part 2-Discoid heads: Artemisia absinthium from Kashmir-GS6 : Attachments (3). 1 post by 1 author.
Artemisia absinthium from Kashmir, found growing on dry slopes of Shankeracharya hill, Photographed on June 24, 2010. The plant is source of drug santonin
Botanical name: Artemisia amygdalina
Location: Paddar valley J&K.
Altitude: 2800 meters asl
Plant is used by locals as a Folk medicine.
Yes Artemisia amygdalina
I think Artemisia amygdalina is an endangered species in W. Himalayas. If anybody can kindly provide information about the status of this species.
Above plant is not Artemisia amygdalina. It is a species with totally undivided leaves looking more like Salix leaves or even confused with Saussurea albescens. Here is my upload from Kashmir:
Your plant has clearly divided leaves, especially the lower ones. It should probably be A. dubia.