Boerhavia diffusa L., Sp. Pl. 3 1753. (syn: Boerhavia acutifolia (Choisy) J. W. Moore; Boerhavia africana Lour.; Boerhavia caespitosa Ridley; Boerhavia coccinea var. paniculata (Rich.) Moscoso; Boerhavia diffusa var. eudiffusa Heim ex Hand.-Mazz.; Boerhavia diffusa var. mutabilis R. Br.; Boerhavia glutinosa Vahl; Boerhavia paniculata Rich.; Boerhavia repens var. diffusa (L.) Hook. fil.; Boerhavia surinamensis Miq.; Boerhavia xerophila Domin; Commicarpus africanus (Lour.) Dandy);
.
Spreading Hogweed, Punarnava, Red spiderling, horse purslane, pigweed • Assamese: pananua • Bengali: punarnova, Gadapushpa गदापुष्‍पा • Gujarati: સાતૉડી satodi, Vasedo वसेडो • Hindi: Biskhapara बिसखपरा, गधा कंद gadha-cand, शोथाग्नी shothagni • Kannada: komme • Konkani: पुनर्नवा punarnava • Malayalam: talutama, tavilama • Marathi: ‘Khapara’ ‘खापरा’ / ‘Khapari’ ‘खापरी’घे, टोळी ghetoli, घेटूळ ghetula, पुनर्नवा punarnava, वसू vasu • Nepalese: पुनरनभा punarnava • Punjabi-*Itsit इटसिट • Sanskrit: पुनर्नवा punarnava, शोथाग्नी shothagni, वर्षाभू varshabhu • Tamil: மூக்குரட்டைக்கொடி mukkurttaikkoti, Sukuaetti सुकुएट्टी • Telugu: అటకమామిడి atakamamidi, పునర్నవ punar-nava • Urdu: tukhm-i-ispast;
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(introduced) (Kita-Iwojima (introduced), Iwojima (introduced), Minami-Iwojima (introduced)), Egypt (introduced) (Great Southwestern Desert (introduced), Nile Delta (introduced), Nile Valley (introduced)), Iran (S-Iran) (introduced), Israel (introduced) (Rift Valley (introduced)), Jordania (introduced) (S-Jordania (introduced)), Oman (introduced) (Dhofar (introduced), Mascat & Oman (introduced)), Saudi Arabia (introduced) (N-Saudi Arabia (introduced), Hejaz (introduced), Asir(introduced)), Sinai peninsula (introduced) (S-Sinai (introduced)), Yemen (introduced) (Aden Desert (introduced), Inner Hadhramaut (introduced), N-Inner Yemen (introduced), SW-Yemen (introduced), Tihama (introduced), W-Yemen (introduced)), United Arab Emirates (introduced), Afghanistan (introduced) (Kunar / Nuristan (introduced), Laghman (introduced), Nangarhar (introduced), Paktia / Khost (introduced)), Pakistan (Baluchistan) (introduced), Hawaii (introduced) (Pearl and Hermes Reef (introduced), Laysan Isl. (introduced),Kauai (introduced), Oahu (introduced), Molokai (introduced), Lanai (introduced), Maui (introduced), Kahoolawe Isl. (introduced), Hawaii Isl. (introduced)) as per Catalogue of Life;
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Roots of Boerhavia diffusa of Nictaginaceae, commonly known as punarnava in Sanskrit, an important medicinal plant in ayurveda and unani. The plant has medicinal properties especially roots which are used to treat gonorrhea, all internal inflammation and edema. Roots stimulate the emptying of the gallbladder, as a diuretic, for all types of liver disorders (including jaundice and hepatitis), gallbladder pain and stones, urinary tract disorders, renal disorders, kidney stones, cystitis, and nephritis;

It has great medicinal value. The leaves are edible and very good for our health;

good for renal insufficiency cases, works wonders… witnessed many cases… when used by a well trained and Intuitive ;
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I hope Id is OK. On 28/4/09 in Amaravati, A.P. Seen along a narrow pathway.



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73-TSP-ID-06JUN2016-3: Herb @ Tumkur for ID : 10 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (5)

Kindly identify this herb. 

Habit: Herb 

Habitat: Wild,waste land 

Sighting: Tumkur, Karnataka,about 800 msl 

Date: 29-05-2016


… looks like Boerhavia


Pl. check efi page on Boerhavia


Looks like Boerhavia to me too.


May be Boerhavia coccinea


Boerahavia diffusaPunarnava in Kannada- most commonly used herb in ayurvedic preparations. A common weed around my house.


 

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Boerhavia diffusa
Called as Punarnava in Hindi
An Important Medicinal Plant. Found abundantly growing in wastelands bank of water channels even on roofs of buildings


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Boerhavia diffusa L. from Thermal Area on canal bank Panipat
Herb growing wildly. medicinaly imp called as Punarnava. usefull for eyes

This plant was a noxious weed in my terrace garden I dont how it got into my garden but how hard i tried I could get rid of it.


Such a bright colored flowers i have seen rarely on this plant

Very nice presentation of photographs of different views and size.
This is a very common weed in Mysore and surroundings.  I have many plants around my house.


It has great medicinal value. The leaves are edible and very good for our health.



 

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Hooghly : Boerhavia procumbens Banks ex Roxb. ? : 15 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.

This seems to be the Boerhavia repens var. procumbens of the “Bengal Plants”. ID key in Bengal Plants goes thus :-
Flowers subcapitate; leaves entire or faintly undulate :-
(i) Leaves white beneath; branches slender. Branches usually under a foot long, adpressed-pubescent ——– repens
(ii) Leaves white beneath; branches slender. Branches usually over two feet long, glabrous ——– repens var. procumbens
(iii) Leaves green beneath; branches stout ——- repens var. diffusa
Flowers umbellate; leaves repand-sinuate ———- repanda
The species in this thread is a prostrate herb, can ascend if gets a support, about 4 ft. long.

The problem is i fail to decide concretely its current accepted name.


As per The Plant List Boerhavia repens var. procumbens Hook.f. is a syn. of Boerhavia repens L.

However, Annonated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal gives Boerhavia repens L. as a syn. of Boerhavia diffusa L.,
but Flora of China, GRIN, & Flora of Pakistan, treat it as a different species from Boerhavia diffusa L..

Surprisingly we don’t have any post on Boerhavia repens L. as of now in efi site as per link: Boerhavia


Boerhavia repens L. has no distribution as per latest compilation in Catalogue of Life

To me it appears close to images at Boerhavia diffusa L.


My view is also supported by Researchgate

The plant with 15 images is closer to Boerhavia diffusa; But the speciemen post by me is different; it is more hairy; sticky, and stamens 4; where as in all the images stames 3;

It is up to you to agree or not


Thanks, … Can you further persue your plant with details at ResearchGate?


I had gone through the article;2 points are not coinciding; 1.number of stamens(2-3 as per the article); 2 the plant is very sticky, boerhavia diffusa is not sticky; the pod shape is also not coinciding with B.diffusa; some species need further taxonomic revision



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I photographed this bush with very tiny purple flowers, in wild, @  Pune on 20 th Oct 11.
Plz provide Id.

This should be Boerhaavia diffusa, and I believe this should not be a bush, it is a straggling herb.


Yes Boerhavia species. I have also captured this recently. Fruits are needed for species ID
‘Punarnava’ पुनर्नवा Medicinal I think.
Family : Nyctaginaceae


Agree with you all. This is Boerhavia diffusa, popularly called as ‘Punarnava’ (i think its a Sanskrit name). Tamil name is ‘Mookirattai’


good for renal insufficiency cases, works wonders… witnessed many cases… when used by a well trained and Intuitive (read: LONG practice duration and good basic medicine training) Vaidya… with modern degree…. and a well motivated patient  (and family that supports the
patient… you need that even for Allopathic therapies including hemodialysis, not easy to be a renal insufficiency patient) ..



 

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tiny pink flower ID :: 09-Mar-12 :: Hooghly (WB) SK-1: 3 images.

Sharing images of a tiny wild herb found on roadside at two places in Hooghly district. Could it be a Geranium sp. ?

Species : Unknown

Type : wild trailing herb

Date : 28-Feb-12, 11.35 a.m. & 04-Mar-12, 4.16 p.m.

Place : Hooghly, West Bengal


To me it looks Boerhaavia diffusa


….sharing an image of ‘lime blue’ (Chilades lajus) butterfly on the same flower (Boerhaavia diffusa).


Yes Boerhaavia diffusa  a common weed in Bengal


Yes Sir, it’s a common weed, but identifying a common species around us a entirely new field to me. In my college life i only memorized a few ‘notes’, vomited those in exam papers and forgot the entire learning in the very next hour!



 

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SYMBIOSIS : 161: Attaching an image of Common Grassyellow butterfly on flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa. This plant is commonly known as SPREADING HOG-WEED. It is Punarnava in Bangla.I n Hindi the same plant is known as Sant. Have a good day.


 

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Please identify these plants: (mixed thread): 1 correct image as above.

These plants are used in India, probably for medicine.

Please provide their description, ID etc.


The top most photograph is punarnava o( Boerhavia diffusa).

Important medicinal plant in ayurveda. Please check the earlier postings on this plant in this group .
Middle photograph is commonly known as redbird cactus (Pedilanthus tithymaloides), also called devil’s backbone or shoe flower plant. This is a cultivated plant, mostly as a hedge especially in Chennai, where water is a scarcity. Google for further details.
Regarding the third one send a better photograph for proper ID.
Nevertheless, it looks like a grass lily. Cannot confirm unless you send the photographs of the plant showing all the details.

the first photograph looks like a punarnava Boerhavia diffusa and the second one like the pedilanthus sp



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Boerhaavia diffusa from Hooghly: 7 images.

This is Boerhaavia diffusa L. as has been identified by … and … in my earlier post at
Species: Boerhaavia diffusa L.
Habit & Habitat : wild herb, roadside
Date : 02-06-12, 9.20 a.m.
Place : Nalikul (Hooghly)
related links :

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SYMBIOSIS : 141:  Attaching an image of Tiny Grassblue butterfly on the flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa. This plant is commonly known as Spreading Hog-weed. It is known as PUNARNAVA in sanskrit, bangla and telegu. Considered source of Ayurvedic medicine PUNARNAVA.


 

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07/10/2012
Requesting identification of this wild straggling plant at Pune

leaf 3cmX2cm, flower 2mm . which  Boerhavia spp is this?


It may B. diffusa.

Boerhavia diffusa


 

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Tiny Herb for ID : Nasik : 230113 : AK-2: 3 images. A very tiny herb found growing wild all over with tiny pink flowers.

Pictures taken in our Nasik home garden in October, 2009.

Is this Boerhavia diffusa?


Yes …, I think your ID is correct. This key may be helpful.


Agree with identification. Mentioned in Ayurveda as ‘Punarnava“.


I too agree with the id. This is Boerhavia diffusa, a medicinal plant.


Grows wild all around my house in Mysore. Please see the earlier link in E-Flora archives for more info.



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SYMBIOSIS : 338 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of a Plain Tiger butterfly on the flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa.


 


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Boerhavia diffusa L. from Kamrup district, Assam :  Attachments (6).  1 post by 1 author.
Attached images are Boerhavia diffusa L. collected from Kamrup district (Metro), Assam.

Date :.15.04.2013
Location: Kamrup district, Assam
Family : Nyctaginaceae
Genus & species : Boerhavia diffusa L.
Vernacular name : Punarnava (Assamese)
Habitat: Grows wild on road side
Habit : Herb

Flower : Small, pink in colour



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For ID 110613GK : Attachments (3).  3 posts by 3 authors.

Kindly help in identification
A Weed-runner in guava plantation. Solapur

Pictures taken on 11June13, 7.15AM.


Looks like Boerhaavia diffusa… 


Yes I agree with …



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SYMBIOSIS : 430 :  Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of a peacock Pansy butterfly on the flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa.


 


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SYMBIOSIS : 434 :  Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of a Grey pansy butterfly on the flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa.



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SYMBIOSIS :444 :  Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of a Common Pierrot butterfly on the flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa.



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Fwd: [efloraofindia:177527] Identification please 161213 KB9 :  Attachments (3). 1 post by 1 author.

Place-Challakarae

Dist-Chitradurga,Karnataka
Habitat-Dry-land

Date of Pic. taken-16.04.2013


Though the pics are not conclusive it appears as Boerhaavia diffusa (Nyctaginaceae).


Requesting to please ID this plant captured in MNP, Mumbai in March 2014. Which species of Boerhavia is this?


I hope Boerhavia diffusa


Thank you … for ID….



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Boerhavia For ID : Oman : 190314 : AK-21 :  4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).

Seen growing wild in January.

A very tiny plant.

Species id please.


Looks like Boerhaavia diffusa


Thanks a lot for resurfacing my post and the id.



Boerhavias are confusing to me…..
Requesting to please ID this species captured near Devgad, Maharashtra in May 2014.
Attaching 2 sets of pics, 1 taken 2 years ago, and 1 taken this year at exactly the same place.
do both these sets belong to the same species?

Boerhavia species in India & eFIoraofindia with details & some keys


In “Set 1_ Boerhavia erecta_Padel2”.jpg fruits are glandular. So it is not B. erecta L. I think this plant comes under the FBI entry B. repens L., which later further divided into three entities – 1) B. repens L., 2) B. diffusa L. and 3) B. procumbens Banks ex Roxb.
The difference can be found at efi thread.
Attached here one plate and two links –

The pictures look like Boerhavia diffusa to me, mainly due to the paniculate inflorescences and the fruits with glandular hairs. It is a variable species and the plants may also look different in dry and wet habitat conditions.


 

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Herb ID from Bangladesh SM101 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).
Habit: Creeping  Herb
Habitat: Wild
Location: Rajshahi

Flowering: June


Boerhavia diffusa?


I too think this is Boerhavia diffusa.
Family : Nyctaginaceae


 

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SYMBIOSIS : 653 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).

Attaching an image of Rice Swift butterfly on the flower of Boerhaavia diffusa (PURNANAVA).



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SYMBIOSIS : 654 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).

Attaching an image of a Tiny Grass Blue butterfly on the flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa (PURNANAVA).



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SYMBIOSIS : 805 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching an image of a Common Emigrant butterfly, visiting flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa (PUNARNAVA).



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Herb ID from Bangladesh_ SM1008 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)


Isn’t this Boerhavia diffusa?


Close to images at Boerhavia diffusa L.


 


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Shrub 13 for ID plz.: This shrub was clicked at chennai in a tall grassy type of land.

For ID plz.


Boerhavia erecta.


I think it is Boerhavia diffusa L. of Nyctaginaceae family.


… yes to … thought … Boerhavia diffusacommonly known as: hogweed, horse purslane, pigweed • Assamese: pananua • Bengali: punarnova • Gujarati: સાતૉડી satodi • Hindi: गधा कंद gadha-cand, शोथाग्नी shothagni • Kannada: komme • Konkani: पुनर्नवा punarnava • Malayalam: talutama, tavilama • Marathi: घेटोळी ghetoli, घेटूळ ghetula, खापरा khapara, खापरी khapari, पुनर्नवा punarnava, वसू vasu • Nepalese: पुनरनभा punarnava • Sanskrit: पुनर्नवा punarnava, शोथाग्नी shothagni, वर्षाभू varshabhu • Tamil: மூக்குரட்டைக்கொடி mukkurttaikkoti • Telugu: అటకమామిడి atakamamidi, పునర్నవ punar-nava • Urdu: tukhm-i-ispast


i also think this is Boerhaavia diffusa


Yes, Boerhaavia diffusa, Vern. Punarnavam, from Nyctaginaceae


As part of my routine exercise I revisit my mistakes and correct (my) errors regularly.
During one such exercise I had a look at this thread again today.
Presented below is the key to identification of Boerhavia from FOC:
Leaf margin with unicellular hairs; perianth limb white, red, or pink; anthocarp glabrous, tip sharply angular. 3 B.erecta
Leaf margin with stout, multicellular hairs, at least when young; perianth limb bright purple or purple-red; anthocarp glandular- hairy, 4 B. diffusa
Based on the above keys I think I will revert to my original stand.


I think more close to images at Boerhavia diffusa L.


 


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Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai 7/4/08 (?); Sonepat, 5th March 09; On 28/4/09 in Amaravati, A.P.; smriti van Jaipur- 4.10.2008; Gende Hosalli,Karnataka on 11-11-09; SEEPZ- Oct’10?; 070409SCS(3.1) Request ID wild plant – indiantreepix | Google Groups Bohrevia sps. – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Plant for identification 130811MK01:  Please help to identify this species. This root has been traded medicinally in Dindigul and Madurai district of Tamil Nadu in an optimal quantity. I can’t ascertain the species by seeing only the root part. This is not so much aromatic but just a soil+root smell. I have seen the width of this up to an inch. People say this is a sort of trailing (or climber) plant (kodi in Tamil); sorry I have not went in to the field to confirm. First picture taken in Feb 2008 and the last two on first week of May 2011.
I suspect this could be a species of Boerhavia sp. Is this possible, kindly help me to resolve?

Local name in Tamil: Saranathi


Roots of Boerhavia diffusa of Nictaginaceae, commonly known as punarnava in Sanskrit, an important medicinal plant in ayurveda and unani. The plant has medicinal properties especially roots which are used to treat gonorrhea, all internal inflammation and edema. Roots stimulate the emptying of the gallbladder, as a diuretic, for all types of liver disorders (including jaundice and hepatitis), gallbladder pain and stones, urinary tract disorders, renal disorders, kidney stones, cystitis, and nephritis.
This is a wild / common weed. In fact plenty are growing around my house in Mysore.



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Fwd: wildflowerid2 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Just off the railway tracks. Maharashtra.
Would someone id it please

Looks like Boerhaavia sp.

Scarlet Spiderling Flowers (Boerhaavia coccineae)?

Appears close to images at Boerhavia diffusa L.


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sir can I get botanical name ? – रान घेटळी in Marathi


घेटळी in Marathi seems obscure.
ઘેંટલી is a name in Gujarati for punarnava plant (Boerhavia diffusa) … Gujarati Lexicon.

Not sure of would be રાન ઘેંટલી.



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Boerhavia diffusa ? : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Boerhavia diffusa ?

May be as per images at Boerhavia diffusa

Yes


Boerhavia for sure. Check  all characters to distinguish the suggested species from other species which look similar.



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Boerhavia repens ?: I’d confirm : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2) – 3 Mb each.
Boerhavia repens ?

Attachments (1) – 3 Mb.

I think Boerhavia diffusa L. as per comparative images at Boerhavia

Again my comments : without the examination of flowers and fruits it is difficult to arrive at the correct id

Fruits are visible in one of the image.

It is Boerhavia diffusa L. as per comparative images at Boerhavia (Genarally only two species has actually been reported in efi so far)



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020819 EPT3 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Presenting this for ID  please..
Location : Chennai outskirts 
Date :01/08/19
Elevation : 23 mts.
Habitat :Urban garden
Habit : Weed

Boerhavia diffusa


Nice one ! Yet to see in wild !



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Boerhavia diffusa L. : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3) -1, 2 & 3 mb.
Location:  Ranimahal, Palpa
Date: 25 September 2019
Elevation:453 m.
Habit : Wild
Nepali Names : पुनर्नवा Punarnavaa /  पुनर्वा Punarvaa / लाल पुनर्नवा Laal Punarnavaa / सानो पाते  Saano Paate / लाल गज पुर्नी  Laal Gaj Purnee / औले साग  Aule Saag

Attachments (4)- around 1300 kb each.


beautiful pictures. yes



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090120 SD08 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)

Kindle assist with plant ID.
Photographed near Neemrana, in a bani.

Boerhavia diffusa L.

Yes sir !



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1 image. Attaching an image of female Striped Albatross visiting flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa.



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Attaching a collage of Common Four Ring visiting flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa.

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32 Identify weed plant Boerhavia diffusa

6 images.
Please identify the weed plant.
Name of plant:
Location:  near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, Kerala PIN:686671
Date:.               20.12.2020, 01.00pm
Altitude:           1700fsl
Habitat:            wild moisture
Plant habit:      creeping annual weak stem
Height:             02 feet
Leaves:            opposite oval apex
Flower:             diameter: 02mm, violet non fragrant glued seeds

You’re right


I am happy to share another image (02.03.2021, 10.40am),
1 image


This is a common weed in wastelands here. It is  present in my home garden area as well.


Boerhavia diffusa L.


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1 image. Attaching a collage of Common Grass Yellow visiting flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa (PURNANAVA)

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SYMBIOSIS : 1483: 1 image.
Attaching a collage of Blank Swift visiting flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa (PURNANABHA)


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SYMBIOSIS : 1499: 1 image.
Attaching a collage of Common pierrot visiting flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa (PUNARNAVA).


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SYMBIOSIS : 1500: 1 image.
Attaching a collage of Bee visiting flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa (Punarnava).


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Small Plant for ID : Nasik : 03APR21 : AK-03: 2 images.
A wild plant seen last month. (3.4.21)


Boerhavia erecta L. ?? Boerhavia diffusa L.  ??


Thanks for suggesting Boerhavia.
Boerhavia came to my mind as well.

Boerhavia diffusa


Boerhavia sps. But it is difficult to pin point the ID as better pictures of the flowers/ inflorescence is needed.  Boerhavia sps  are weeds in my garden and elsewhere (wasteland) in Mysore. They flourish once it rains.


Pl. post high resolution images.


Adding one from my other camera.
Can post the ones above too if required.

1 high resolution image.


I agree with …, as per images at Boerhavia diffusa


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SYMBIOSIS : 1506:
Attaching a collage of Peacock Pansy visiting flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa.


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SYMBIOSIS 1509: 1 image.
Attaching a collage of Common Emigrant (female) visiting flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa.


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SYMBIOSIS : 1509: 1 image.
Attaching a collage of Common Emigrant visiting flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa.


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SYMBIOSIS : 1510: 1 image.
Attaching a collage of Tiny Grass Blue butterfly, visiting flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa.


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Validation of ID: 4 images.
Kindly validate the identification of this herb.
Date/Time- 27 JUL 2021
Location-Place, Altitude, GPS- Bengaluru, 12°55’28.3″N 77°38’54.0″E
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Urban, Footpath
Plant Habit-Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb
Height/Length- One square meter spread on ground.
My guess — Boerhavia diffusa
In the photo VST 20210727 D one can see Blue Mud Dauber on the flower.


Boerhavia diffusa L. !


I too agree with you both for ID,


Yes from me also. Plenty around my house/ garden.


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SYMBIOSIS : 1510: 1 image.
Attaching a collage of Tiny Grass Blue visiting flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa.


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SYMBIOSIS : 1511: 1 image.
Attaching a collage of potter Wasp visiting flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa.


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SYMBIOSIS : 1511: 1 image.

Attaching a collage of Potter Wasp visiting flowers of Boerhaavia diffusa.


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References:

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