Bridelia stipularis (L.) Blume, Bijdr. 597 1826 (syn. Bridelia dasycalyx Kurz; Bridelia dasycalyx var. aridicola Kurz; Bridelia montana Woodrow ex J.J.Sm.; Bridelia scandens (Roxb.) Willd.; Bridelia stipularis var. ciliata Gehrm.; Bridelia stipularis subsp. philippinensis Jabl.; Bridelia zollingeri Miq.; Clutia scandens Roxb.; Clutia stipularis L.);
Tropical & Subtropical Asia: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya as per POWO;
Common name: Climbing Bridelia • Bengali: Harinhara • Kannada: ಅಕ್ಷತೆಬಳ್ಳಿ akshathe balli, ಬಿಸಿಲಬಳ್ಳಿ bisila balli • Malayalam: chalaru, kain • Marathi: phatarpodi, ran-phatarphad • Sanskrit: ghonta • Telugu: chiri aannem, chiriannem, dankibura • Mizo: Hrui-phaktel
Bridelia stipularis is mostly a large woody shrub, scandent and the fruits are oblong where as Bridelia retusa is a small to moderate size tree and the fruits here are globose. Similarly Bridelia squamosa is also a small or moderate size tree, usually with long conical thornes on the trunk.
Plant for ID SMP1 25/1/2011:
– It was a scandent shrub with multiple stems as rightly said by … There were many shrubs in the area. Somehow I don’t remember the Marathi name which the local person told me.
– I was not aware of Bridelia shrub. I had earlier seen B.retusa as a tree. Thanks .. for valuable input.
– in Jharkhand Pathalphodwa is for Bryophyllum calycinum, they say its used against kidney stones, thats why they call it Pathalphodwa. May be this plant is used for similar purpose there. BTW, Saxifraga literally means stone fragmenter too!!
– I had posted Bridelia scandens from Anashi WLS last May. You may please refer the database. Infact … will remember the same we had seen at the Anshi ! However I just referred to Dr. Almeida’s flora which gives the current name as Bridelia stipularis (L.) Blume synonyms being B. scandens(Roxb.), Cluytia scandens Roxb., B. Montana sensu Woodrow and Clusia stipularis L. The common is mentioned as Patharpoda
Euphorbiaceae week :: Phyllanthaceae: Bridelia scandens:
– The current accepted name for this plant is Bridelia stipularis (L.) Blume as per the Kew PLant List. There
Name: Bridelia stipularis
Place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Odisha
Habit: Scandent evergreen shrub
Habitat: Moist deciduous forests
Altitude: 700 m above msl
Have seen Bridelia retusa and Bridelia squamosa earlier. This is new for me. not searched for details………… something must be special about stipules …or just the presence of it may be the reason for the species name. … can you find and elaborate?
Bridelia stipularis is mostly a large woody shrub, scandent and the fruits are oblong where as Bridelia retusa is a small to moderate size tree and the fruits here are globose. Similarly Bridelia squamosa is also a small or moderate size tree, usually with long conical thornes on the trunk. Not to mention the other morphological variations among the three species.
Climber for ID: 14012013: RV 2:
This could be Bridelia scandens.
Since this is a large climber, it is Bridelia stipularis (L.) Blume.
Yes, it is B. scandens without doubt.
However, Bridelia scandens is a synonym of B. stipularis
yeah it is Bridelia scandens from me too 🙂
Bridelia stipularis (L.) Blume … Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae s. l.
… popular synonym: Bridelia scandens (Roxb.) Willd.
at Yana Rocks on 15 DEC 12
at Amboli on 27 DEC 11
EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT :: Bridelia stipularis :: Near Rajapur Konkan :: SMP 4 : 3 posts. 2 posts by 2 authors.
Observed this Bridelia shrub. Hopefully this is Bridelia stipularis
Unknown shrub from Assam -Jan 2014 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4).
Attached images are unknown shrub. Please ID the Plant sp..
Family : ??
Genus & species : ??
Habitat: Grows wild on hilly area
Habit : Straggling shrub
Yes, Bridelia tomentosa once again.
Bridelia stipularis….I hope.
Today I examined the photos once again after downloading. I got confused with the immature fruits. In fact the straggling habit and the large calyx as compared to other species point to Bridelia stipularis and I feel it is the right identification.
Konkan, May 2014 :: Requesting ID of this tree/climber :: 04JUN014 :: ARK-07 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6).
Requesting to please ID this tree/climber captured near Devgad, Maharashtra in May 2014.
Is this Breynia retusa? The shape of leaves appeared smaller and a bit different than what I have seen in Mumbai.
This could be Bridelia scandens (Roxb.) Willd.
Yes this is Bridelia stipularis (L.) Blume.
Thanks … for the ID…..
From the inflorescence pattern, it seems to be Bridelia retusa
Clicked some more pics of the same tree. Attaching them for arriving at the correct ID. Attachments (11)
I am confused about the actual date of the present post.
The straggling or scandent habit together with oblong fruits and successively smaller leaves on a branchlet point to:
Bridelia stipularis (L.) Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 597. 1826.
Clutia stipularis L., Mant. Pl. 127. 1776.
Bridelia scandens (Roxb.) Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 4: 979. 1806.
Thanks for the ID.
The initial post was dated May 2014 when the pics were clicked at my native place. Thereafter I visited the same place in March 2016 and clicked pics of the same plant which I uploaded today. So there I two sets of pics, the initial one dated May 2014 and the later one dated March 2016.
I was confused as to the actual ID and hence uploaded the second set. Should I conclude that the subject plant is Bridelia stipularis?
I think so
The second set of images are certainly of Bridelia stipularis (the photographs clearly showing climbing habit) but in the first set it is mentioned in the title: “tree/climber”. If the photographer is not sure of the stature of the plant, how can we identify from the images?
Thanks, … I think in the first set images appears to be also of a climber and leaves also appear to be of decreasing size on a branch.
Both the plants are the same, though clicked 2 years apart.
Uploading further pics of the same plant (Bridelia stipularis) showing young fruits – (just to complete the set).
These were clicked in December 2020 (the earlier pics were clicked in May 2014 and April 2016)
3 high resolution images.
Plant Id from Bangladesh_SM_1453 : 8 posts by 5 authors.
Location: Sangu Matamuri Wildlife Sanctuary, Bandarban
Picture taken: February, 2019
Bridelia sp. Phyllanthaceae.
Bridelia retusa ??
To me looks different from images at Bridelia retusa
Perhaps Bridelia stipularis.
May be Bridelia stipularis as per details and images herein, as suggested by …
MS Oct, 2019/04 Bridelia sp. for ID : Attachments (2)
Location : Aizawl, Mizoram
Date : 24-10-2019
Habit : Shrub or small tree ?
Habitat : Wild
Could be B.stipularis,
I also think Bridelia stipularis.
Flora of Chakrata 2012: Leguminous shrub for Id: 9 images.
This could be Bridelia scandens.
The new name is Bridelia stipularis [syn. B scandens].
The fruits of B. stipularis are globose to round. Here it is not.
According to Dr. Almeida’s ‘Flora of Maharashtra’, Vol. 4 – B, pg.295, the drupes of B.stipularis are “ellipsoid-oblong”. The same is corroborated by Yadav & Sardesai in their ‘Flora of Kholapur District”. Please check.
Kindly visit the link http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=109801&flora_id=2
Thanks … for resurfacing; this remains a mystery shrub for me till date….
I think this is a Crotalaria.
… If we stick to Family Fabaceae, then, by any chance, is this a sp. of Maughania/ Flemingia ?
It looks like Bridelia and only 4sp. B. retusa, tomemtosa , verrucosa and stipularis seems
100619AB2 ID : 17 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1)
Identification, please. Providing a high resolution picture so that one can zoom in to see the details of the leaves and leafing pattern.
Bridelia stipularis (L.) Blume
Seems to be B. montana.
Yes it is Bridelia montana (Roxb.) Willd.
But not sure of the id.
There is no doubt in Bridelia montana, Dumb sure it’s not Stipularis.
As per picture I think collected from the deciduous forest, open scrub jungles,
I think Bridelia stipularis is correct identification.
I have doubt in this, please, am earlier identified like this, is it correct or wrong.
Kindly request to you, please.
First three B. montana another three B. stipularis. this is my identification.
The single image which was posted is not at all clear.
You are right about the habitat. Collected from dry deciduous forests degraded to open scrub ones. Not moist deciduous, and not close to a water stream.
POWO Catalogue of Life WCSP Flowers of India Flora of Peninsular India