Images by J.M.Garg, Debasish Joardar, Satish Phadke, Gurcharan Singh etc. (Inserted by J.M.Garg)

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bew-tee-uh — named for John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute … Dave’s Botanary
mon-oh-SPER-muh — single-seeded … Dave’s Botanary 

commonly known asbastard teakbattle of Plassey treeBengal kinoflame of the forestpalas treeparrot tree • Assameseবিপৰ্ণক bipornokকিংশুক kingxukপলাশ polax • Bengaliপলাশ palash • Gujaratiકેસૂડો kesudoખાખરો khakhroપલાશ palash • Hindiढाक dhakपलाश palashटेसू tesu • Kannadaಮುತ್ತುಗ muttugaಪಲಾಶ palasha, • Kashmiriपलाश् palash • Konkaniपळस palas • Malayalamചമത chamataകിംശുകം kinsukamപ്ലാശ് plaas • Manipuriপাঙ গোঙ pangong • Marathiढाक dhakपळस palas • Nepaliपलाँस palans • Oriyaପଳାଶ palasha • Paliकिंशुक kimshukaपलाश palasha • Punjabiਢਾਕ dhakਪਲਾਸ palas • Sanskritकिंशुक kimshukaपलाश palasha • Tamilகிஞ்சுகம் kincukamபலாசம் palasam • Teluguకింశుకము kimsukamuపలాశము palasamu • Tibetanrgya skyegs sintshos-sin • Urduڐهاك dhak 

… more names, lesser known; lesser used:
Hindiचिचरा chichraछिऊल chiulदीर्घफल dirgh-phalकिंशुक kinshukलाक्षावृक्ष laksha-vrikshमेघनाद megh-nadपर्णी parniवक्रपुष्प vakr-pushpवानप्रस्थ van-prasth • Kannadaವಾತಪೋಥ ಮರ vaatapotha mara • Oriyaବକ୍ର ପୁଷ୍ପ bakra pushpaବାନପ୍ରସ୍ଥ banaprasthaବିପର୍ଣ୍ଣକ biparnnakaକନକ kanakaକଠିଞ୍ଜର kathinjaraକିଂଶୁକ kimshukaପୂତ ଦ୍ରୁ puta druତ୍ରିପର୍ଣ୍ଣ triparnna • Paliपालिभद्दक palibhaddaka • Punjabiਛਿਛਰਾ chhichhraਕੇਂਸੂ kesu • Sanskritब्रह्मपादप brahmapadapaब्रह्मपत्त्र brahmapattraब्रह्मवृक्ष brahmavrkshaब्रह्मोपदेशनेतृ brahmopadeshanetraद्विजस्नेह dvijasnehaकर्मिन् karminकाष्ठद्रु kasthadruकिञ्चन kinchanaक्षारश्रेष्ठ ksarashresthaलाक्षावृक्ष lakshavrksaमेघनाद meghanadaपर्ण parnaपूतद्रु putadruरक्तपुष्पक raktapuspakaरक्तवर्ग raktavargaसुभीरक subhirakaत्रिपक्षक tripakshakaवक्रपुष्प vakrapushpaवातपोथ vatapothaविपर्णक viparnakaयज्ञिक yajnika • Tamilஆசாடம் acatamசீரா chiraஇராசாதனம் iracatanamகாலி kaliகாம்பிரம் kampiramகிருமிசத்துரு kirumi-catturuமேகநாதம் meka-natamமுருக்கன்மரம் murukkan-maramபிறோசனம் pirocanamபுழகு pulakuபுரசு puracuபூதத்துணர் putattunarதகரு takaruவல்லை vallaiவானபத்தியம் vanapattiyamவாதபோதம் vatapotamவிகசிதம் vikacitamவிபண்ணகம் vipannakamவிப்பிரப்பிரியம் vippira-p-piriyamவிருமதரு virumataruவிதா vita • Teluguమోదుగ modugaరాజాదనము raj-adanamuవాతపోధము vata-podhamu 

Native to: Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia
 

Deciduous tree up to 20 m tall with tomentose younger branches tomentose; pinnately trifoliolate leaves, terminal leaflet up to 15 cm long, lower slightly smaller; flowers bright red tinged with orange, in up to 20 cm long racemes, in fascicles; pod up to 20 cm long, silky.   
 

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Pods and fresh leaves of Palash tree. Some left over flowers were seen on few of the trees.
Bot. name: Butea monosperma
Family: Fabaceae
Common name: Palash, Palas
Location: Gorewada, Nagpur
Date/Time: 28-04-2010 / 06:15AM – 09:00AM
Habitat: Wild


TSPNOV2015-35: Images of Butea monosperma (Fabaceae) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Butea monosperma (Fabaceae
Habit:  Medium sized tree
Habitat: Wild.
Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka about 1000 msl.
Date: 03-02-2014, 19-05-2014, 16-01-2015, 19-01-2015, 14-02-2015 and 20-02-2015 
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great holi colors 


 
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SYMBIOSIS 901 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Red whiskered Bulbul, Purple Sunbird (male/ female) visiting flowers of Butea monosperma (PALAS/ DHAK/ TESU)

Adding pictures of Yellow Butea monosperma from Lalbagh, Bangalore seen earlier.

It was flowering in Jan, 2017 beside a tree with the usual Orange flowers.


 

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Fabaceae week:  Butea with yellow flowers, as seen in Chhindwada.


Nice pictures … This could be Butea monosperma var. lutea. It is a Red Listed (threatened) taxon.


Was this the find during your Narmada Parikrama?
Great catch Esp. the close ups


Many thanks … for showing yellow coloured palash flowers.


Immidietly after narmada parikrama, I went to Chhindwada .
on the way Little before C`nwada I was shown this tree.
In the forest nursary they have made many saplings of yellow Butea.
Nearby is Ramakona forest – fantastic forested area which you would love.


 

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Tree for ID :: Panvel near Mumbai :: ARKNOV26 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
This was spotted by the side of a highway near Panvel which is close to the Karnala Wildlife Sanctuary in December 2015.
Is this Butea monosperma?

I think so.


It is Butea momosperma.— The Taesu.


 

Fwd: Palash with yellow flowers : 1 post by 1 author.
 

 

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Fwd: Butea monosperma tree at Patera, Mirzapur,UP : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

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Butea monosperma——for sharing : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Pics taken at Aambyvalley Rd.,Off Lonavala,Pune in Jan.17.
  


in January (started from first week) from southern belt of Rajasthan, in Feb. from Banglore, from Mumbai, from Pune, from Kutch (18/2/08) & near Badalapur, Maharastra & from Delhi; in Nagpur (26/2/08); profusely now (22/2/08) in Kolkata; Last year, flowering in March in Kolkata & profusely now (6/3/08). In Pune (Maharashtra), flowering for last 2-3 weeks but in some parts there are no flowers; in March’ 08  – Nilje (Dombivali), Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP) (Borivali & Thane) Maharashtra- 14/3/08; Mulshi, Pune on 25th Jan 2009; March 09, some where in Jharkhand; at nehru park, Delhi- 5th April, 09; On 4/4/09 at Vanasthalipuram National Park, in Hyderabad; at Sagaergad, Alibag- Feb’10?; Panipat- April’10; Beautiful Trees & Shrubs of Kolkata by Chakraverty & Jain states it to flower with the onset of spring (February- March) & lasts for a fortnight or hardly for a month. Trees of Delhi states that flower buds appear in January but do not open till early to mid March; flowers sputters on into April.

 

 

Butea monospermia(palash)flowering – indiantreepix | Google Groups Tree for Id 120409JM2 – indiantreepix | Google Groups Butea monosperma (Dhak) flowers & fruits – indiantreepix | Google Groups Tree For ID-180609-RK2 – indiantreepix | Google Groups Flame of Forest (palash) – efloraofindia | Google Groups Beauty of Butea – efloraofindia | Google Groups Yellow “Flame of the Forest” – efloraofindia | Google Groups Butea monosperma from Kabri Panipat – efloraofindia | Google Groups

Palash Pods-30042010-PKA1 – efloraofindia | Google Groups

 


Butea monospermawhite flowers;

 
 


Butea monosperma var. lutea;

 

 

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at Seoni in Madhya Pradesh, next to the Pench Tiger Reserve in the second week of March 2010; at Balaghat– M.P.; Yellow “Flame of the Forest” – efloraofindia | Google Groups Yellow Butea monosperma – efloraofindia | Google Groups


 

 

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Yellow “Flame of the Forest” : Attachments (1). 29 posts by 15 authors.
Came across this unique tree with Yellow flowers as compared to the regular bright orange flowers of the Palash or the Flame of the Forest
This picture was taken at Seoni in Madhya Pradesh, next to the Pench Tiger Reserve in the second week of March 2010

When I was at Seoni more than 3 decades back, I also saw yellow palash ahead of Barghat. … the then dfo ( he later rose to be the PCCF) was with me, and when he told me about it, we turned back about 10 km. to enjoy the spectacle. Nehru had this plant in Teen Murty Bhawan. I dont know whether it is still there. 


Useful Hindi link on Peela Palash.
http://aarambha.blogspot.com/2008/02/blog-post_11.html


I have observed this plant at Bhandara district. there were people who says there is one more variety known as SAFED PALASH ie white palash.
i wanna know is the yellow butea same as white or another form of butea?


The Hindi link given by … has the reply to your query.


The yellow Palash is only a mutation of colour as I am told. I have been gifted few saplings of ‘Yellow’ and ‘white’ Palash but I doubt if they will produce unusual flowers. As I understand you can not reproduce it, you can only protect and enjoy such rare mutations.The dry orange flowers as they fall down turn yellow, and the yellow flowers as they fall appear white. I have trekked several times in remote jungles to see ‘white’ palash only to find yellow on tree and white on ground. 


Surely another such tree is also found at a resort namely, Mowgli’s Den near Turia Gate of Pench Tiger Reserve, Off. Khawasa (Nagpur-Jabalpur Rd.) where I was a resort manager few years back.


Butea monosperma (first and most known. It was previously called Butea frondosa)

This is further divided into 2 varieties-
Butea monosperma var. monosperma– the typical variety is the tree that we all see everywhere Butea monosperma var. lutea– yellow flowered Butea
The white flowered Butea is NOT raised to any variety level and should be considered just an aberration or variant (not VARIETY- which is a taxonomic term) of the typical species Butea monosperma var monosperma.


I would suggest that seeds be procured of such color forms and distributed to nurseries and individuals interested in maintaining these unusual colors. While all seeds are unlikely to generate the unusual colors, some are likely to generate like individuals, especially if such trees are isolated from red/orange flowered individuals. Here in the US, we have had good success growing yellow-flowered Delonix regia from isolated yellow-flowered trees. I suspect similar results can be achieved with Butea. Of course, grafting could be used to propagate plants with more certainty, though I’m not certain of the success rate on Butea


Thanks … for posting this. I think many of us have heard of yellow Palas but first time I am observing the nice clear photo.

We are going again this April to the resort and I have sought their support to collect as many seeds of this tree as possible and send it across to us and also to plant some in the resort itself. I am also looking for a list of plants and trees that could be grown in this area of Seoni which would attract most butterflifes and birds and provide the details to the resort so that they can make a complete garden for butterflies and birds. Looking forward to inputs from the treepics group on this


how about the Hindi article which says that white butea is a creeper?


Small or medium sized trees- Butea monosperma.
Yellow flowers- Butea monosperma var. lutea.
Large woody Climbers
Flowers white, in 20-60cm long terminal panicle- Butea parviflora
Flowers scarlet or flame colored, in 20-30 cm long racemes- Butea superba.

(Source: Flora of Madhya Pradesh, Vol. 1. BSI)


… resoursefully gave a beautiful answer with reference. Butea monosperma do have a very very rare white flower variety which is due to some genetic abberation and it’s a tree. The climber you are refering to is Butea parviflora as said by …


I am thoroughly confused. Nobody has mentioned or seen a white butea monosperma TREE. … has mentioned that the yellow ones look white when they fall down. You are right about Butea parviflora which was mentioned by … and in the Hindi article. I would be grateful to know if anybody has seen a WHITE butea monosperma Tree. I assure you that I will stand corrected


Good to hear that the tree will be propagated!
As I’m here in the US, I will leave recommendations for additional bird and butterfly-attracting plants to local people more familiar with local conditions.


I had written I have seen white palash tree in Thane, flowering. I will check it out if it is still there. As it was in one private compound.
The person had cut it short which still was about 10 to 12 feet tall with thick stem.


I have also heard about white flowered Butea tree. Once I visited to Nagpur and in Vardha road saw remains of two uprooted trees. I was told that one was yellow flowered Butea and another was white flowered Butea. The person claimed that … purchased both trees at very high price for Tantra activities. He came by special jet to Nagpur.
At the same spot I found yellow flowered Butea tree.


I agree with you I too have seen this plant in Shantiniketan in Birbhum district of West Bengal couple of years ago during winters. At that time there was no flower on the plant hence I could not take a picture of it. It was located in a personal garden but our family friend told me that it was a wild plant and got into the personal estate when the person brought the land to build his bunglow. As described by him the flower looks same to that of normal “Palash-Ful” (Bengali for Butea monosperma) only that is bone white in colour. I never knew this plant could bear white flower this was the first time when I came to knew about the fact and I really got astonished.


I have photograph of White Palash,
One of my friend from MP has send three photographs.
with white flowers, with its close up and full tree.
which may interest you


May some edaphic characters influance it ????????


Thank you for sharing this lovely and rare photograph of white palash with all of us.


Thank you … for pictures of the white palash.
After following discussions on this rare variant palash, I looked for any images that might be there on the internet, but could not find any.
Now your pictures clearly show the white flowers, sometimes with a faint yellowish tinge.


With your permission, may I post these photos to Tropical Flowering Tree Society website, with credit give to you, of course?


Butea monosperma white variant I’ve also seen growing in the Income tax office premises at Balaghat (M.P.). The old people has a belief that this variant is medicinally important for the treatment of leucoderma. Did you see any report from other places???. I’m not sure.


just came across your post…can you update me about the white palash tree..plz..


रक्तः पीतः सितो नीलः कुसुमैस्तु विभाज्यते । 38।
IT has been quoted in ayurveda that there are four types of palash on the basis of different colours of their flower. they are red, yellow, white and blue.


रक्तः पीतः सितो नीलः कुसुमैस्तु विभाज्यते । 38।IN ayurveda these four varities of palash has been quoted based on colour of their flowerws. they are red, yellow, white and blue. 


Thanks, … Pl. also check 


 

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White Palas tree : Attachments (3). 4 posts by 4 authors.

White Palas tree,
(No flowers found during the season.)
Regional – Bili Muttuga
(Red flowering trees are known as Flame of the forest is Butea Monosperma).
The forest dept, staff in Sirsi consider these white flowering trees to be very rare (they generally say 1 in 10,000+ trees are white palas)
(Only two such trees are sighted in this forest.)
Sirsi Uttara kannada
Habitat: Forest,
Karnataka,
18 August 2010
Height of the tree 15-18 feet.


Sapllings of white Palash were available on payment in the nursary of Forest dept at Jabalpur in M.P.
Sapllings of yellow Palash were available in forest nursary of Balaghat in M.P.


read your messages..can you provide me with details about availability of white palash tree/sapling in you region..i will be grateful..need it for research..


You can find some more discussions on white palas at efi page: Butea monosperma


 

 

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Butea monosperma (Flame of the Forest): Though this is a very common tree found everywhere. But the pic. posted was taken in Dudhwa NP (U.P.) in 24.03.2008.


One of deciduous tree and bat pollinated species with attractive scarlet colored flowers, flowering from Jan to May. In Marathi we commonly called ‘Palas



 

 

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Butea monosperma: Butea monosperma is blooming very beautifully tree is covered with flowers from top to bottom with very few leaves it looks very beautiful..i love it 


– Reminding the arrival of “HOLI FESTIVAL”


The symbol of spring


– These are mine. Photographed today.


 

 

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ID: Attached pics of Yellow Palash from Nagpur-Wardha road. 


– i think yellow palash  is often found in vidharbh region. i observed it in Wardha two year back.  i had also heard of white palash in wardha while i was on tour in that region. i visited the same spot but unfortunately that tree was not flowering that time.


  

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COLORS OF NATURE (mixed thread): NATURE’S HOLY IS IN FULL BLOOM. ENJOY THE COLORS OF NATURAL HOLY !!!


–  I know…these flowers]  Palash, Pangara]…… were used in the past to make holy colours.


 

 

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HAPPY HOLI: According to literature availabe,two flowers are associated with Holi. One is Palas (Flame of the Forest), other is Ashok (saraca indica). Attaching two images having these flowers or a part. You may like them.


 

 

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Purple Sunbird on a Palash tree; Mhow, Indore, MP: Purple Sunbird on a Palash tree (Butea Monosperma) at the IIM Indore campus on the 12th Convocation Day (March 26 2011)
Location: Tehsil Mhow, District Indore, Madhya Pradesh


 
Any relation of climate change to the color of butea monosperma turning yellow?: One of my friends pointed me to this link and i would be grateful for your opinion on it (regarding the scientific validity of the claim etc):
    Yellow Butea Monosperma is otherwise well described/documented ( independent of climatic effects ) http://pathabhavanpraktoni.net/main/?p=2084


– I am not Botanist or specialist on this topic but it is interesting and need justification.

    If my field observations are concerned than we came across such individual plants in southern parts of Rajasthan. And also a question arise that if the coloration changes due to rise in temperature then there should occur major changes in all the saffron flowers of Butea in the hot parts of Rajasthan where lot of habitats are facing micro-climatic changes especially when it matters with temperature rise……!!!!!!!!!!


– Can you please send a translation of the article. I am interest as I have some experience in GHG emissions and climate change.


– I was thinking of copy pasting the Hindi text onto google translator and then further modifying their output and presenting it to you.

    The bottom line in the news-piece was just the documentation of an observation ( with images) and a hypothesis ( around currently yellowing leaves of palash and association with climate change ). It may need further study as pointed out by the others.



– The variations in color of Butea flowers depend on many factors. By seeing Butea flowers from distance one can say with confidence about the water level or about last years rainfall. In Chhattisgarh near Dudhawa Dam region you can find Butea with nearly yellowish flowers. Because of high water level due to presence of big dam, Butea is showing different color. In the same area Shorea trees are dying prematurely due to same reason.

    Just to add. I have documented seventeen different colors of Butea flowers and surprisingly every type of Butea color is of special significance in Traditional Healing. They differ in medicinal properties-the Healers claim.
Hoping young researchers will come forward to conduct research on this unique aspect.
    During last visit to forest I identified Butea population as 15 th type but the Healers traveling with me said it is 12 th type. May be I have to check my eyes. 😉
    Diabetes Herbs. 12D. Butea monosperma © Pankaj Oudhia http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f_macrDWcq0

 

 

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Pods of Butea monosperma & Green Pigeon: Gorewada forest near Nagpur is dominated by Palash (Butea monosperma) trees. One of the visitor Green pigeon (?) was seen to be taking sun bath on this tree.  Sorry for the poor quality of the photos..


not very sure but it should be yellow footed green pigeon


 

 

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Flora of Kaiga_ID_Plz 02062011 PJ3: Date/Time-: 9/05/11   –    15:00
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- tree
Height/Length-16 mtr

This is the ‘Flame of the Forest’ [Butea monosperma] locally called Palas


 
 

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Butea monosperma in my classroom :: 11/03/12 :: WB SK:  This Holi one of my colleagues went to visit his ancestral home in Bankura. He knew my recent adventure in the flora world and came back with a handful of PALAS collected from roadside. Sharing those images.
Species : Butea monosperma Lam.


Bengali Name : PALAS


Date : 10/03/12, 11.04 a.m.


Place : Bankura (flowers), West Bengal, photographed in Hooghly!

ID help : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butea_monosperma


 

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Yellow flowered Palash:  Today at Phansad WLS,

Came across Yellow flowered Palash

Butea monosperma


This plant is available in many places. SO, you can add from which area it was seen. 


 

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efloraindia: 071111 BRS132 Fabaceae-(Papiliona​ceae) Week: Pl. find the attached file contain Butea monosperma from NBNP Garden, Anaikatti, Coimbatore Dist.,


 

 

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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week : Trees :Butea monosperma:  Butea monosperma
Palash tree Palas.पळस
Flame of forest . Flowers during Spring season in Maharashtra 


plant of famous ‘saying’ Dak ke teen paat. Attaching mine also from Panipat


Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Butea monosperma from Herbal Garden, Delhi: Butea monosperma (Lain.) Taubert in Engler & Prantl, Pfianzenfam. 3(3):366. 1894.

Syn: Butea frondosa Roxb., Erythrina monosperma Lamk.
Common names: bastardteak, Bengal kino, dhak, flameof-the-forest
Deciduous tree up to 20 m tall with tomentose younger branches tomentose; pinnately trifoliolate leaves, terminal leaflet up to 15 cm long, lower slightly smaller; flowers bright red tinged with orange, in up to 20 cm long racemes, in fascicles; pod up to 20 cm long, silky.
Photographed from Herbal Garden, Punjabi Bagh, Delhi.


Adding my pictures of Butea pods, Bankh preparation from Butea root fibers and exposed Butea part.


I can get the rough feel of the leaves and the fine texture of petals too.


 

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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Tree – Butea monosperma:  Attaching my photo of butea monosperma (Palas in Marathi)
Photo taken at Mumbai


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fabaceae week-37: Butea monosperma.


 

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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week :: Butea monosperma in northern Western Ghats: Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.

bew-tee-uh — named for John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute
mon-oh-SPER-muh — single-seeded
Feb 21, 2009 … along Ghodbunder Road, Thane, Maharashtra
commonly known as: flame of the forest, parrot tree • Bengali: পলাশ palash • Gujarati: ખાખરો khakhro • Hindi: ढाक dhak, पलाश palash, टेसू tesu • Kashmiri: पलाश palash • Malayalam: മുരിക്ക murikka, പ്ലാശ് plaas • Manipuri: পাঙ গোঙ pangong • Marathi: पळस palas • Sanskrit: पलाश palash • Tamil: பலாசம் palasham, புரசு purasu • Telugu: పలాశము palashamu
Native to: Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia
some views: Dec 16, 2007 … along Ghodbunder Road, Thane, Maharashtra 
Feb 3, 2008 … at base of Kohoj fort, near Manor, Maharashtra
May 2, 2008 … at Kamshet, Maharashtra
Feb 7, 2009 … at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra


Dhak ke teen Paat


here in Maharashtra people say Palashache paane teen…


Beautiful flowers of Flame of forest. The second last photo shows the single seeded pod…. monosperma


Golden flame of forest


what is its binomial… certainly not monosperma.. the beans look as if they each have 5 -6 seeds… do they?


Agreed … there should have been 5-6 seeds, because the ovary has 5-6 ovules. But invariably all ovule abort except one at the tip of pod that matures as seed. The basal (flat, seedless) part of pod acts as wing to carry the falling pod away from mother tree.


I used to wonder about the pods of the tree with golden flowers, as it was different from the non golden tree.

is it a different species?


I thanks..but I was referring to what … has submitted just above..here in this same thread as the golden flame of the forrest… just scroll up a little… its different from the B. monosperma… look at the picture number 3 in … submission… the beans look like they have multiple seeds… pic is labelled “Golden Flame of
the Forest Tree – Fruit.jpg 124K View Download” … that is what I was asking … about…


… pictures are not of Butea. They look like Erythrina to me.


I think that … is Correct as the mentioned pictures are most probably of Erythrina sp. and not of Butea. 


updates on bombax ceiba and butea monosperma: I was on 2 days trip to Murbad-Shahpur area (edge of western ghats) and observed that the only single tree of Butea monosperma was flowering and also bombax ceiba was flowering throughout the trip. Is it the right schedule or this flowering was little early?


It is little early in general. Nevertheless, the microclimate of the area plays a major role.


I agree it is a bit early but I have been observing Butea flowering in latter half of Dec last few years.


I wonder, where is the change heading to? we had rains till mid of October and now this early flowering of deciduous trees.


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 120: Attaching the image of the 120th member of the series. In this male of a Roseringed Parakeet is on the flower of Butea frondosa (syn name Butea monosperma). This is the famous Flame of The Forest.


 

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SYMBIOSIS :122: Attaching the image of the 122nd member of the series. In this an Asian Pied Starling is on the flowers of Butea monosperma (syn name Butea frondosa). Common name for this tree is Flame of The Forest


 

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SYMBIOSIS : 123: Attaching the image of 123rd member of the series. In this a Redvented Bulbul is on the flowers of Butea frondosa (syn name Butea minosperma). This is commonly known as Flame of The Forest .


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Trees in bloom:  PalasButea monosperma & Savar / SemalBombax ceiba at Badlapur, Thane distt


 

 

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VALMIKI : OBSERVER OF NATURE (mixed thread): I am sure , you are familiar with a flower, commonly known as Flame Of the Forest. Valmiki calls it Kinshuka or Palasha in his Ramayan. Scientifically it is known as Butea monosperma syn Butea frondosa.
Attaching an imge of KINSHUKA. You may like it.


And there is a Hindi proverb ‘Dhak ke teen paat’ which means worthless or fruitless effort and you come back to the original position to restart your efforts.


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Palas flowering:  Palas has been flowering profusely at Shahapur since December ’11. Sending a few photographs.
Attachments:
Butea monosperma [Palas] flowering.jpg 
Three-striped Palm Squirrel.jpg 
Ashy Prinia.jpg
Grey-breasted Prinia.jpg
Tailor bird.jpg
Vigor’s Sunbird [male].jpg
Red-vented Bulbul.jpg
Jerdon’s Leafbird [female].jpg
Jerdon’s Leafbird [male].jpg
Black-hooded Oriole.jpg


Lovely Shots … Strange it is blooming in December. Here flowering starts in late March (Panipat)


Saw flowering of Palash in ghats and on the way to expr highway while going to Pune yeaterday (17/2/12)


Pala’s intense blooms always delight the senses. Your Shahapur eco-farm is a complete bliss – diversity of native trees providing shelter to the seasonal birds.


Thanks … …….Very nice collection of happening on palas


 

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SYMBIOSIS : 301: Attaching an image of Rose-ring Parakeets on the flowers of Butea monosperma. This is the famous FLAME OF THE FOREST. It is PALAS in Bangla and DHAK in Hindi.


 

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Hooghly Today : Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub. :  3 images. 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching photographs of what we call PALAASH (পলাশ) in Bengali.


 

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Names of Plants in India :: Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub. : 1 image. 4 posts by 3 authors.

via Species‎ > ‎B‎ > Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub. … family: Fabaceae, Papilionaceae 
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth 
bew-tee-uh — named for John Stuart, 3rd Earl of ButeDave’s Botanary
mon-oh-SPER-muh — single-seededDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: bastard teak, battle of Plassey tree, Bengal kino, flame of the forest, palas tree, parrot treeAssamese: বিপৰ্ণক bipornok, কিংশুক kingxuk, পলাশ polaxBengali: পলাশ palashGujarati: કેસૂડો kesudo, ખાખરો khakhro, પલાશ palashHindi: ढाक dhak,पलाश palash, टेसू tesuKannada: ಮುತ್ತುಗ muttuga, ಪಲಾಶ palasha, • Kashmiri: पलाश् palashKonkani: पळस palasMalayalam: ചമത chamata, കിംശുകം kinsukam, പ്ലാശ് plaasManipuri: পাঙ গোঙ pangongMarathi: ढाक dhak, पळस palasNepali: पलाँस palansOriya: ପଳାଶ palashaPali: किंशुक kimshuka, पलाश palashaPunjabi: ਢਾਕ dhak, ਪਲਾਸ palasSanskrit: किंशुक kimshuka, पलाश palashaTamil: கிஞ்சுகம் kincukam, பலாசம் palasamTelugu: కింశుకము kimsukamu, పలాశము palasamuTibetan: rgya skyegs sin, tshos-sinUrdu: ڐهاك dhak
more names, lesser known; lesser used:
Hindi: चिचरा chichra, छिऊल chiul, दीर्घफल dirgh-phal, किंशुक kinshuk, लाक्षावृक्ष laksha-vriksh, मेघनाद megh-nad, पर्णी parni, वक्रपुष्प vakr-pushp,वानप्रस्थ van-prasthKannada: ವಾತಪೋಥ ಮರ vaatapotha maraOriya: ବକ୍ର ପୁଷ୍ପ bakra pushpa, ବାନପ୍ରସ୍ଥ banaprastha, ବିପର୍ଣ୍ଣକ biparnnaka, କନକ kanaka, କଠିଞ୍ଜର kathinjara, କିଂଶୁକ kimshuka, ପୂତ ଦ୍ରୁ puta dru, ତ୍ରିପର୍ଣ୍ଣ triparnnaPali: पालिभद्दक palibhaddakaPunjabi: ਛਿਛਰਾ chhichhra, ਕੇਂਸੂ kesuSanskrit: ब्रह्मपादप brahmapadapa, ब्रह्मपत्त्र brahmapattra, ब्रह्मवृक्ष brahmavrksha, ब्रह्मोपदेशनेतृ brahmopadeshanetra, द्विजस्नेह dvijasneha,कर्मिन् karmin, काष्ठद्रु kasthadru, किञ्चन kinchana, क्षारश्रेष्ठ ksarashrestha, लाक्षावृक्ष lakshavrksa, मेघनाद meghanada, पर्ण parna, पूतद्रु putadru,रक्तपुष्पक raktapuspaka, रक्तवर्ग raktavarga, सुभीरक subhiraka, त्रिपक्षक tripakshaka, वक्रपुष्प vakrapushpa, वातपोथ vatapotha, विपर्णक viparnaka,यज्ञिक yajnikaTamil: ஆசாடம் acatam, சீரா chira, இராசாதனம் iracatanam, காலி kali, காம்பிரம் kampiram, கிருமிசத்துரு kirumi-catturu, மேகநாதம் meka-natam, முருக்கன்மரம் murukkan-maram, பிறோசனம் pirocanam, புழகு pulaku, புரசு puracu,பூதத்துணர் putattunar, தகரு takaru, வல்லை vallai, வானபத்தியம் vanapattiyam, வாதபோதம் vatapotam, விகசிதம் vikacitam,விபண்ணகம் vipannakam, விப்பிரப்பிரியம் vippira-p-piriyam, விருமதரு virumataru, விதா vitaTelugu: మోదువు moduga,రాజాదనము raj-adanamu, వాతపోధము vata-podhamu
botanical names: Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub. … synonyms: Butea braamania DC. • Butea frondosa Roxb. • Butea frondosa Willd. •Erythrina monosperma Lam. [basionym] • Plaso monosperma (Lam.) Kuntze • Rudolphia frondosa (Willd.) Poir. … The Plant List (2010). Version 1
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Palash (Hindi: पलाश) is the State Flower of Jharkhand, India
Photographed along Ghodbunder Road near Kaju Pada on 21 FEB 09


 

 

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Flora Picture of the Year 2013 : Aarti Khale : Attachments (1). 5 posts by 3 authors.
My Flora Picture for the Year 2013 is this picture of Flame of the Forest, Butea monosperma taken in Jim Corbett, Uttarakhand.

This was taken during our visit in March 2013.

It was a single tree in full bloom, with different birds Parrots, Mynas, enjoying the flowers.


Thanks … for showing us the beautiful symbol of efloraofindia. It’s so mesmerising.


Nice picture, … – aptly known as the flame of the forest!


Thanks …

I can imagine when many trees are in bloom at the same time…..it would really look as the forest is on fire!


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 512 : Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Chestnut-tailed Starling on the flowers of Butea monosperma. (PALAS/ DHAK/ TESU/ FLAME OF THE FOREST).


 

 

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PLANTS IN THE SONGS OF RABINDRANATH TAGORE : PALASH : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).   
For last one year or so I was working on the plants mentioned by Tagore in his songs. There are some 60 plants mentioned by him in his songs. In my project I take an image of the plant and print a song (in which this plant is mentioned) on this image. If there are 60 songs, where BAKUL is mentioned, these are printed separately on 60 images of BAKUL.To me it is quite interesting.I used to send those to my friends who understands BANGLA language. Some of my friends liked it. Recently I requested for images of PARUL and SYANDAN (as I did not have images of these plants with me and the plants are not available near my place.)through internet. … sent me images of PARUL. She suggested that English translation of these songs with the images of the plants will benefit others who can’t read BANGLA. On my request my friend Gen S K Sen has translated a song where PALASH and CHAMPA are mentioned. I am attaching an image of PALASH with English translation of the song. I intend to print the same song on an image of CHAMPA.


 

 

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ANJAN16/16 Butea monosperma : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4) 
Family: Fabaceae
Date: 4th January 2015
Place: Bangalore outskirts

Habit: Tree


Nice..!! Flame of Forest.. 


 

 

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Butea monosperma on Basant Panchami : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Sharing an image of a brilliant Butea monosperma set against the stark early-morning sky.
The flower, especially the outer surface, is very soft and downy.
Photographed today (24.1.15) morning in Chinchoti. 


very nice but googling map… shows this north of Bombay

in a sanctuary of sorts and the land is this dry as in your pic one

does the ecology / environ change so drastically from the northerbn fringes of the western ghats???

looks desolate and in sorry state… bothered me

hence the comment


Chinchoti is an offshoot of the Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary and is popular for its waterfalls in the monsoon. This photo is from the open scrubland that dominates the lower reaches of the trail. The upward ascent leads into a mixed-deciduous habitat.
From what I’ve seen, the deciduous Butea monosperma does remarkably well in such an open, dry ecosystem. The tree in this photo has retained a fair amount of foliage that will eventually disappear at the peak of the flowering period (in March).


 

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SYMBIOSIS : 744 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching an image of a Common Sergeant butterfly on flowers of Butea monosperma (PALASH/ DHAK/ TESU)


 

 

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Butea monosperma (Lain.) Taubert in Engler & Prantl, Pfianzenfam. 3(3):366. 1894.

Syn: Butea frondosa Roxb., Erythrina monosperma Lain.
Common names: bastardteakBengal kinodhakflameof-the-forest
Deciduous tree up to 20 m tall with tomentose younger branches tomentose; pinnately trifoliolate leaves, terminal leaflet up to 15 cm long, lower slightly smaller; flowers bright red tinged with orange, in up to 20 cm long racemes, in fascicles; pod up to 20 cm long, silky. 
Photographed from Herbal Garden, Punjabi Bagh, Delhi.


 

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Febaceae Fortnight-01-14.10.2015-PC-02-04.10.2015 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Butea frondosa from Nehru Park, New Delhi.


what month did you take this picture?


It was May.


great that makes sense

in april usually there’s flowers and almost no leaf and in may leaves start coming out and flowers dwindle

you got both


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Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight :: Butea monosperma :: n Western Ghats :: DVOCT19 : 13 posts by 6 authors. 9 images. 

Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.
along Ghodbunder Road on December 16, 2007
at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary on February 7, 2009
at Kamshet on May 2, 2008


very nice. i have always wondered who/what eats up the seeds as it did in these pictures. does not look like the pod opened up and released the seeds.


…, wonderful post showing many details!! The branching in one of the picture is unusual to me..


it seems this tree sprouts branches if hurt or if it gets deep enough a scratch!!
there used be on old tree in Victoria memorial ground that had gnarled branches
about 3 feet from the ground ..that seemed out of place, since the usual// normal
bifurcation etc were at least 10 feet above the ground level…
if i go there  this week i’ll take some pictures for you.
MAY BE OTHER MEMBERS can find such unusual starts of branches too and tell us.


Thank you very much …

The unusual branching, I believe just as Usha di does, is mostly due to cutting of tree by the locals.


Nice photographs !!!  The main culprits eating the seeds are Rose-ringed Parakeets and Three-striped Palm Squirrels. Sending a few photographs.

Attachments (7)


…, thank you very much for this info. Wonderful pictures with the three-striped palm squirrel in action.


Thanks … that answered it. it also seems they are interested in something in the flowers too? insects or is it the nectar?


This reminds me Dol (Holi) at Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan where I studied M. Sc.


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Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight :: Butea monosperma :: Kaithal :: NS OCT 12/12 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

This tree is wonderful, when in flowers… sharing few pics from my native district Kaithal (Haryana), habit picture from Nahan (H.P.)..
Butea monosperma ..


Wonderful.


  

 

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Butea monosperma seedling : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Butea monosperma seedling 

Thanks, …, for out of the box additions. 


very heartening. my question- does it survive transplanting, did this one?
I am asking because i  may have a chance to remove and transplant a couple of these seedlings from a public park but am not sure if they survive it. so was waiting to ask around. what a serendipity that you showed your case now. thanks. looking forward to your reply


Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1132 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching an image of White eye visiting flowers of Butea monosperma (PALAS/ DHAK/ TESU

 

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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS 1133: 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Sunbird visiting flowers of Butea monosperma (PALAS/ DHAK/ TESU)

 

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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1134 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Chestnut tailed starling visiting flowers of Butea monosperma (PALAS/ DHAK/ TESU)

 

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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1137 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Red vented Bulbul visiting flowers of Butea monosperma (PALAS/ DHAK/ TESU).

 

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