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.
Images by Pravin Kawale & J.M. Garg

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.
ses-al-PIN-ee-uh
— named for Andreas Caesalpini, Italian botanist … Dave’s Botanary
BONN-duckbonduc, the Arabic word for a hazelnut or filbert … Dave’s Botanary
.
Commonly known as
: bonduc nut, febrifuge nut, fever nut, grey nicker, knicker nut, Molucca bean, nicker bean, yellow nickerAssamese: লেটাগুটি letagutiBengali: দাহারা dahara, ঝগড়াগোটা jhagaragota, ককই kakai, কাঁটাকরঞ্চ kamtakaranca, কাঁটানাটা kamtanata, লালকাঁটা lalakamta, লেটাগুটি letaguti, নাটা nata, নাটাকরঞ্জ natakaranja, নাটাই natai, পুঁতিকরঞ্জ pumtikaranja, তৌরি tauriGujarati: કાંકચ kankacha, કાંગસા kangasa, કાંચકા kanchakaHindi: गजगा gajga, कलिंग kalinga, करंज karanj, करंजवा karanjawa, कटकरंज katkaranj, मेंढल mendhal, नटा nata, पांशुल panshul, पट्टिल pattil, पूति puti, सागरगोटी sagargotiKachchhi: કાકચ kakach, કકચીએજીવલ kakchieji-valKannada: ಗಜ್ಜೆಗ ಬಳ್ಳಿ gajjega balli, ಗಜ್ಜಿಗೆಕಾಯಿ gajjigekaayiKonkani: ಗಜಗೊ गझगो gazgoMalayalam: ആവില്‍ aavil, കഴച്ചി kalachchiMarathi: गजगा gajaga, करंजी karanji, कटुकरंज katukaranja, पूतीकरंज putikaranja, सागरगोटा sagargotaNepali: बोक्सी काँडा boksee kaandaa, गैँडे काँडा gaide kaandaa, गनेगेरी ganegeree, काँडे कुवेराक्ष kaande keveraaksh, कंजु kanju, करकरे karakare, करौजु karauju, करौँजी karaunjeeOdia: ବରିପୋଲୁଆ baripolua, କଳିଙ୍ଗ kalinga, ଲଟା କରଞ୍ଜ lata karanja, ପାଂଶୁକ pamshuka, ପୋଷ୍ଟା poshta, ପ୍ରକୀର୍ଣ୍ଣ prakirnna, ପୂତି କରଞ୍ଜ puti karanja, ରୋଚନ rochana, ସକଣ୍ଟକ sakantaka, ଷଡ୍ଗ୍ରନ୍ଥା shard-granthaPunjabi: ਕਰੰਜਵਾ karanjwa, ਮਿਠਲਾ mithlaSanskrit: दुःस्पर्श duhsparsha, गाङ्गेष्ठी gangesthi, घृतपूर्ण ghrtapurna, कलहनाशन kalahanashana, कलिकार kalikara, कलिमारक kalimaraka, कलिङ्ग kalinga, कण्टफल kanta-phala, कण्टवृक्ष kantavrksha, करद्वीप karadvipa, कटशर्करा katasharkara, कटुकरञ्ज katukaranja, कुबेराक्षी kuberakshi, कुकृत् kukrt, लताकरञ्ज latakaranja, मकराकार makarakara, नटा nata, पांसुल pamsula, पट्टिल pattila, पोष्टृ poshtra, प्रकीर्ण prakirna, पूति puti, पूतिकरञ्ज putikaranjah, पूतिकर्णक putikarnaka, सकण्टक sakantaka, षड्ग्रन्थ shadgrantha, शीघ्रजन्मन् shighrajanman, वज्रबीजक vajrabijaka, वीराख्य virakhyaTamil: கச்சூரம் kaccuram, கழற்சி kalarci, கர்ச்சூரம் karccuram, கெச்சக்காய் kecca-k-kay, கோபக்கிதம் kopakkitam, மூழல் mulal, வஜ்ரபீஜம் vajra-pijamTelugu: గచ్చ gachcha, గచ్ఛకాయ gachchaakaaya, శూకజంబుక sukajambuka, యక్షాక్షి yakshakshiTulu: ಗಜಿಗೆಕಾಯಿ gajigekaayi, ಕಳಂಜಿಕಾಯಿ kalanjikaayiUrdu: گجگا gajga, کلنگ kalinga, کرنج karanj, کرنجوا karanjawa, کٿڙکرنج katkaranj, مينڐهل mendhal
.

Native to: Indian subcontinent, Malesia, tropical regions of Africa and Americas
.
The seeds used for playing;
.

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ID please: This picture was clicked at Murbad during monsoon.


–  The prickly plant is Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. Has lot of medicinal value.
Tamil name: Kazharchikaai, Gajjakkaai


– In Marathi Gajage or Sagargote


Gajjagada gida in Kannada.  Common in forests/ scrub jungles in Karnataka and TamilNadu



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Seed for ID: I was told that this seed was medicinal, but nobody knew even the local name!

Place: Wayanad
Location: Sacred Grove

Type: Creeper


This is likely to be Caesalpinia bonduc

In Marathi we call it as Sagargota. सागरगोटा The seeds used for playing.


Yes, the shining grey seed nearest to us in the pic is what I know as Sagargota..
I am not familiar with the shell so much… esp dried like in this picture…



I also saw it on a site called “Sea beans“. Interesting how it’s got that name in English; almost like a translation of Sagargota!


Additional information from PROTA base
Oudhia, P., 2007. Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. In: Schmelzer, G.H. & Gurib-Fakim, A. (Editors). Prota 11(1): Medicinal plants/Plantes médicinales 1. [CD-Rom]. PROTA, Wageningen, Netherlands.
Prota



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Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) :: Caesalpinia bonduc in Dighave, Dhule:

This one is a large climbing, thorny shrub.
Bot.Name: Caesalpinia bonduc
Local name: Sagargota
Family: Caesalpiniaceae
Branches are greyish and have yellow prickles.

Photographed at “Dighave village, near Dhule”, Maharashtra


Yes very nice pictures, and plant is medicinal.. very common on coastal regions.


 

ses-al-PIN-ee-uh — named for Andreas Caesalpini, Italian botanist
BOND-ook — derived from Arabic word for hazelnut, referring to hazelnut like seeds
Jub 27, 2010 … at Maval, Maharashtra
commonly known as: bonduc nut, febrifuge nut, fever nut, molucca bean, nicker nut, sea pearl • Assamese: লেটাগুটি letaguti • Bengali: নাটাকরঞ্জ natakaranja • Hindi: गजगा gajga, कटकलेजी kat-kaleji, कटकरंज kat-karanj, पांशुल panshul, पट्टिल pattil, पूतिक putik, पूतिकरंज putikaranj • Kannada: ಗೆಜ್ಜುಗ gejjuga • Konkani: गझगो gazgo • Malayalam: കഴഞ്ച് kazhanchi • Marathi: कटुकरंज katukaranja, सागरगोटी sagargoti • Nepalese: कारौन्जी karaunjee • Oriya: gila • Punjabi: ਬੇਲ ਕਰੰਜਵਾ bel karanjwa, ਮਿਠਲਾ mithla • Sanskrit: अङ्गारःवल्लरी angarhavallari, कण्टकिकारंज kantakikaranja, कुबेराक्षी kuberakshi, लताकरंज latakaranja, पट्टिल pattil, पूति puti, रक्तकरंजवृक्ष raktakaranjavruksha, विटपकरंज vitapakaranja • Tamil: கச்சூரம் kaccuram, கழற்சி kalarci, கெச்சக்காய் kecca-k-kaay, வஜ்ரபீஜம் vajrapijam • Telugu: గచ్చ gatstsa, శూకజంబుక sukajambuka, యక్షాక్షి yakshakshi • Urdu: کرنجه karanja
Native to: Indian subcontinent, Malesia, tropical regions of Africa and Americas
more views: Jub 27, 2010 … at Maval, Maharashtra
Dec 16, 2009 … at Yeoor Hills (part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park), Mumbai
Aug 22, 2009 … at Yeoor Hills (part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park), Mumbai
Oct 4, 2008 … at Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra


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Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) Week: Caesalpinia bonduc from Panipat:  Caesalpinia bonduc from Panipat
Large Spiny Shrub wild shot from roadside area



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Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) Week: Caesalpinia bonduc Pune:  Caesalpinia bonduc
Sagargota सागरगोटा


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Flora of Haryana: Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. from CCS HAU Campus Hisar:  Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. from CCS HAU Campus Hisar


A “Sagargota” plant.
Nice to see the still green thorny seed pods and the characteristic flowers.



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Plz id this shrub: pa24 – 2nov2012: Plz id this large shrub from Mumbai region. The stem and branches are full of spines.


This could be Moullava spicata (Dalzell) Nicolson.

Marathi name: Waghati


Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. of Caesalpinaceae I think


Yes I also agree for Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. of Caesalpinaceae


Yes this Caesalpinia bonduc. The curved spines in the stem is clearly visible.


I too think that this is Caesalpinia bonduc


Agreed. This is Sagargota [not Wagati]. Have both on my property at Shahapur. Sending a few of my photographs to showcase its salient features.



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Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. ? from Hooghly 21/8/12 SK2:

Identification is tricky when one finds an unknown plant without its flowers or fruits. After searching for quite sometimes, i think, i finally come closer to its ID.
Bengali name : NATA (assuming the ID is correct)
Habit & Habitat : wild shrub (?) in a low wasteland at village outskirts, about 5 feet, highly prickly, i am sorry for failing to provide further details, for i thought it would be easy to ID this unique plant
Date : 18/8/12, 3.42 P.M.
Place : Khanpur (Hooghly – Howrah border)
sites visited :
  1. description – Prota4U
  2. flora of Pakistan – http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200011969
  3. flora of China – http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200011969
  4. synonyms – http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/ild-927
  5. a picture similar to this post – Adyar
  6. another pic – Botany text books
  7. yet another – http://www.flickr.com/photos/55059208@N07/6352738471/
  8. group post by Dinesh Ji – efi thread
  9. insect info – Nbaii
  10. insect pics – Indiannaturewatch

I saw these around Bolpur one winter.. had fruits green though so no seeds were collected or photographed


I hope oneday i will be able to find its flowers or fruits.


This is Caesalpinia bonduc (Linnaeus) Roxburgh. = NATA or NATA KARANJA (নাটা করঞ্জা) in Bengali.



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Hooghly Today : Caesalpinia bonducella Fleming : Attachments (9). 1 post by 1 author.

In FBI and FI, Caesalpinia bonducella Fleming and C. bonduc Roxb. are two different taxa.

FBI describes —
  • leaves a foot or more long, with a pair of reduced pinnae persistent at the base…. leaflets …. usually 1/2 to 1 in. long —– bonducella
  • differs by ……. the absence of reduced stipular pinnae, by its smaller not squarrose bracts —– bonduc

I was wrong earlier – efi thread


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Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb from Kamrup district (Metro) :  Attachments (11). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Attached images are Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb  
Date :16.09.2013
Location: Kamrup district(Metro)
Family : Caesalpiniaceae
Genus & species : Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb  
Habitat: Grows wild on roadside
Habit : Shrub
Flower : Yellow

Fruits : Spiny


Excellent Set of Pics



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ID Please : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.( = C. boducella (L.) Fleming), Fam: Caesalpiniaceae;

Fevernut, katkaranj, Gachcha kay


Yes Caesalpinia bonduc

सागरगोटा



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TSPNOV2015-41: Images of Caesalpinia bonduc (Fabaceae) : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
It is my pleasure to share few images of Caesalpinia bonduc (Fabaceae)
Habit: Large armed shrub
Habitat: Wild, Dry deciduous forest..
Sighting: Devarayanadurga, Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl

Date: 25-08-2015, 20-10-2014, and 14-01-2015


very nice complete set with pods too


Sagargota in Marathi. We use to play with the seeds of the same.
Throw the seed in air and catch it with other seeds in hand one/two——/seven in hand. Use to be fun

 


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Shrub id from Chandigarh PM 2-10-2017 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)

Habit- large bushy shrub with spreading branches on the ground

Leaves- Bipinnate, 12-14 leaflets, paripinnate, Inflorescence raceme with yellow  flowers
Habitat-Garden
Location- Chandigarh
Date- 21-09-2017

It looks like Caesalpina cristata


Caesalpinia bonducella….!!


Thanks, …, for the Id.
I also feel these are closer to images at Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. rather than those at Caesalpinia crista L.

yes it is Caesalpinia bonduc, it is common in our area



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Fwd: Caesalpinia bonduc( L.) Roxb. : 4 posts by 1 author. Attachments (2) – 3 mb each.

Sir, namaskar. Kindly validate the photos of Caesalpinia bonduc, known as Gila in Odiya, Kuberaakshya in Sanskrit taken at Achyutpur, Balakati, dist- Khorda, Odisha taken on 17/08/2019 (flowering) & 9/10/2019 (fruiting), noted for it’s seeds played by children


Attachments (3)- 2 mb each.


Your id appears correct as per Caesalpinia bonduc


.


Two names for Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. from Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal
गैंदे कंद gainde kanda and कारौन्जी karaunjee … I hope I have typed them correctly in native script; please validate.

Nepali Names  : कंजु /Kanju/ गैँडे काँडा Gaide Kaandaa/ काँडे कुवेराक्ष Kaande Keveraaksh/ करौजु Karauju/ करौँजी Karaujee/ करकरे Karakare/  बोक्सी काँडा Boksee Kaandaa/ गनेगेरी Ganegeree

Thank you very very much …, for the Nepali names of Caesalpinia bonduc.



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via Species‎ > ‎C‎ > Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. … family: Fabaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
ses-al-PIN-ee-uh — named for Andreas Caesalpini, Italian botanistDave’s Botanary
BONN-duckbonduc, the Arabic word for a hazelnut or filbertDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: bonduc nut, febrifuge nut, fever nut, grey nicker, knicker nut, Molucca bean, nicker bean, yellow nickerAssamese: লেটাগুটি letagutiBengali: দাহারা dahara, ঝগড়াগোটা jhagaragota, ককই kakai, কাঁটাকরঞ্চ kamtakaranca, কাঁটানাটা kamtanata, লালকাঁটা lalakamta, লেটাগুটি letaguti, নাটা nata, নাটাকরঞ্জ natakaranja, নাটাই natai, পুঁতিকরঞ্জ pumtikaranja, তৌরি tauriGujarati: કાંકચ kankacha, કાંગસા kangasa, કાંચકા kanchakaHindi: गजगा gajga, कलिंग kalinga, करंज karanj, करंजवा karanjawa, कटकरंज katkaranj, मेंढल mendhal, नटा nata, पांशुल panshul, पट्टिल pattil, पूति puti, सागरगोटी sagargotiKachchhi: કાકચ kakach, કકચીએજીવલ kakchieji-valKannada: ಗಜ್ಜೆಗ ಬಳ್ಳಿ gajjega balli, ಗಜ್ಜಿಗೆಕಾಯಿ gajjigekaayiKonkani: ಗಜಗೊ गझगो gazgoMalayalam: ആവില്‍ aavil, കഴച്ചി kalachchiMarathi: गजगा gajaga, करंजी karanji, कटुकरंज katukaranja, पूतीकरंज putikaranja, सागरगोटा sagargotaNepali: बोक्सी काँडा boksee kaandaa, गैँडे काँडा gaide kaandaa, गनेगेरी ganegeree, काँडे कुवेराक्ष kaande keveraaksh, कंजु kanju, करकरे karakare, करौजु karauju, करौँजी karaunjeeOdia: ବରିପୋଲୁଆ baripolua, କଳିଙ୍ଗ kalinga, ଲଟା କରଞ୍ଜ lata karanja, ପାଂଶୁକ pamshuka, ପୋଷ୍ଟା poshta, ପ୍ରକୀର୍ଣ୍ଣ prakirnna, ପୂତି କରଞ୍ଜ puti karanja, ରୋଚନ rochana, ସକଣ୍ଟକ sakantaka, ଷଡ୍ଗ୍ରନ୍ଥା shard-granthaPunjabi: ਕਰੰਜਵਾ karanjwa, ਮਿਠਲਾ mithlaSanskrit: दुःस्पर्श duhsparsha, गाङ्गेष्ठी gangesthi, घृतपूर्ण ghrtapurna, कलहनाशन kalahanashana, कलिकार kalikara, कलिमारक kalimaraka, कलिङ्ग kalinga, कण्टफल kanta-phala, कण्टवृक्ष kantavrksha, करद्वीप karadvipa, कटशर्करा katasharkara, कटुकरञ्ज katukaranja, कुबेराक्षी kuberakshi, कुकृत् kukrt, लताकरञ्ज latakaranja, मकराकार makarakara, नटा nata, पांसुल pamsula, पट्टिल pattila, पोष्टृ poshtra, प्रकीर्ण prakirna, पूति puti, पूतिकरञ्ज putikaranjah, पूतिकर्णक putikarnaka, सकण्टक sakantaka, षड्ग्रन्थ shadgrantha, शीघ्रजन्मन् shighrajanman, वज्रबीजक vajrabijaka, वीराख्य virakhyaTamil: கச்சூரம் kaccuram, கழற்சி kalarci, கர்ச்சூரம் karccuram, கெச்சக்காய் kecca-k-kay, கோபக்கிதம் kopakkitam, மூழல் mulal, வஜ்ரபீஜம் vajra-pijamTelugu: గచ్చ gachcha, గచ్ఛకాయ gachchaakaaya, శూకజంబుక sukajambuka, యక్షాక్షి yakshakshiTulu: ಗಜಿಗೆಕಾಯಿ gajigekaayi, ಕಳಂಜಿಕಾಯಿ kalanjikaayiUrdu: گجگا gajga, کلنگ kalinga, کرنج karanj, کرنجوا karanjawa, کٿڙکرنج katkaranj, مينڐهل mendhal
botanical names: Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. … synonyms: Caesalpinia bonducella (L.) Roxb. • Guilandina bonduc L. • Guilandina bonducella L. … ststus at GBIF
October 4, 2008 … Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary


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ID Request – 030521AS01- Is this Caesalpinia bonduc?: 3 images.
28/04/21, 10:30 am
Location- Near Madhai, GPS-  78.1306, 22.6113
Habitat- Wild Type-Found near a seasonal stream in shade in a dry tropical forest.
Plant Habit– Climber
Height/Length-
The height for this one was about 2.5 m
Leaves- Alternating leaves twice pinnate with thorns even on the stems of the leaflet.
The colour of the stem ranged from an ashy brown to a yellow with green blotches. The stem was covered with spines.
Fruits-
A Prickly pod like fruits with two seeds in it. The seeds are smooth and grey in colour.
Also what is the difference between Crista and Bonduc?


You’re right …, I too agree with you for bonduc,

Pod spiny…….. bonduc,

Pod not spiny….. crista,


Yes from me also. It is seen in the Chamundi hill area. Gajjaga in Kannada.


Yes!



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References:

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