Andaman Is; Bhutan; Burma; China; India; Indonesia; Jawa; Kalimantan; Malaysia; Myanmar; Nepal; Nicobar Is; Peninsular Malaysia; Philippines; Sumatera; Tanzania; Thailand; Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life;
ses-al-PIN-ee-uh — named for Andreas Caesalpini, Italian botanist … Dave’s Botanary
kuk-yoo-LAY-tuh — hood-like, hood-shaped … Dave’s Botanary 
It’s a large climbing shrub,
branches are with prickles.
Flowers fragrant, in terminal and axillary racemes 20-40cm.


caesalpinia cucullata:
Marathi name : Ragi
At Mhasala, Maharashtra
23 Jan,2011

Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) :: Caesalpinia cucullata in Lonavala region:

This one was photographed at “Telbailla”, Lonavala- Bhambhurde region.
Date/Time: 15th Jan, 2008.
Scientific name: Caesalpinia cucullata (Mezoneurum cucullatum)
Family: Caesalpiniaceae
Common name: Ragi
It’s a large climbing shrub, branches are with prickles.
Flowers fragrant, in terminal and axillary racemes 20-40cm.
Rare in evergreen forests at higher elevations.

Presently these are the only photographs available with me. May be in my next visit in this region, i will try to get the photographs of seed pods and seeds. I think Feb- March will be the fruiting season for this plant.

Plant to ID: 27032013 : RV 1 : 3 flower images with close-ups. 4 posts by 3 authors.
Found this flowers on the forest floor in Matheran on 23rd Jan,13………try to locate the source but due to huge height of trees, could not get to know whether it is from the tree or a climber but certainly not of any herbs or shrubs.

Mezoneuron cucullatum, syn Caesalpinia cucullata a large thorny climber.

Hats off … for your quick identification skills!!


Names of Plants in India :: Telugu name for Caesalpinia cucullata : 2 posts by 1 author.

Please help with the Telugu name gabbusikaya in native script, for Caesalpinia cucullata (syn. Mezoneuron cucullatum).
My attempt:
గబ్బు (gabbu) = strong, thick … A Telugu-English dictionary by Charles Philip Brown
సీకాయ (sikaya) = name for Acacia concinna … A Telugu-English dictionary by Charles Philip Brown

గబ్బుసీకాయ- you are perfectly correct; but గబ్బు (gabbu) means- bad smelling
it is not related to sikaya, but the plant resemble A.concinna except in flower with bad smell it is named so 

Thank you very much … for this help with the name and clarification.

Names of Plants in India :: Nepali name for Caesalpinia cucullata : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Wanted to know whether Mezoneuron cucullatum (syn. of Caesalpinia cucullata) is distributed in Nepal; any known local name ?

Yes is distributed in Nepal but no Nepali name so far.


Two names: baghasora and bagh-anchora, figure as names for Caesalpinia cucullata (and its popular synonyms – Mezoneuron cucullatum, Mezoneurum cucullatum) in many publications and resources on internet, for instance … Flora of Assam Volume 2 by Kanjilal UN, Kanjilal PC & A Das (1938)
Please help me with the names in native script.

Caesalpinia cucullata  Assamese name Baghasora (বাঘাচোৰা) or Bagh-anchora (বাঘ-আঁচোৰা)

Thank you very much … for this great help.


Please help with the Tamil name indumatticcingai in native script, for Caesalpinia cucullata (syn. Mezoneuron cucullatum).

I think two names are combined here, as per FRLHT database. The possible Tamil script would be: இண்டு (indu), மாட்டிச்சீங்கை (matticcingai). The name ‘Indu’ is also generally applied to Acacia caesia (or any climbing Acacias!).

Thank you very very much … for the names in native script and the clarity.

via Species‎ > ‎C‎ > Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb. … family: Fabaceae ~ Caesalpiniaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
ses-al-PIN-ee-uh — named for Andreas Caesalpini, Italian botanist … Dave’s Botanary
kuk-yoo-LAY-tuh — hood-like, hood-shaped … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known ashooded-flowered brasilettoSahyadri thorn • Garojakshilmengojakskel • Kannadaಮಟ್ಟ ಸೀಗೆ matta seegeಮುಳ್ಳೋಡು ಬಳ್ಳಿ mullodu balli • Lepcha:neangkupzhu • Malayalamകാക്കക്കലിംഗിവള്ളി kakakalingivalli • Marathiरागी ragi • Mizoling-khang • Nepaliबोक्सि काँड़ा boksi kanra • Odiaନିତେ nite • Telugu:గబ్బుసీకాయ gabbusikaya 
botanical namesCaesalpinia cucullata Roxb. … synonymsMezoneuron cucullatum (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. • Mezoneuron macrophyllum Miq. • Mezoneurum cucullatum (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. [Spelling variant] … status at The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 
December 16, 2012 … Mavingundi, Shivamogga 

… update: Assameseবাঘাচোৰা baghasoraবাঘ-আঁচোৰা bagh-anchora.  Many thanks to … for rendering the names in native script.

… update:
Tamilஇண்டு induமாட்டிச்சீங்கை matticcingai
Many thanks to … for providing the names in native script.

¿ me-zoh-NYOOR-on ? — Greek: meso (middle) or meizon (greater); neuron (nerve) … GBIF
kuk-yoo-LAY-tuh — hood-like, hood-shaped … Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: hooded-flowered brasiletto, Sahyadri thorn • Assamese: বাঘাচোৰা baghasora, বাঘ-আঁচোৰা bagh-anchora • Bengali: বগাছেঁড়া কাঁটা bagachera kanta, বাঘাসোরা baghasora, বাকশিকাঁড়া bakshikandra, বিষখোপরা biskhopra, নাটাকুলা natakula, নিয়াঙ্খুপঝু nyankhupajhu • Garo: jakshil, mengojakskel • Kannada: ಮಟ್ಟ ಸೀಗೆ matta seege, ಮುಳ್ಳೋಡು ಬಳ್ಳಿ mullodu balli • Konkani: वाकेरी vakeri • Lepcha: neangkupzhu • Malayalam: കാക്കക്കലിംഗിവള്ളി kakakalingivalli • Marathi: रागी ragi • Mizo: ling-khang • Nepali: बोक्सि काँड़ा boksi kanra • Odia: ନିତେ nite • Tamil: இண்டு indu, மாட்டிச்சீங்கை matticcingai • Telugu: గబ్బుసీకాయ gabbusikaya

botanical namesMezoneuron cucullatum (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. … synonymsCaesalpinia cucullata Roxb. • Caesalpinia monosperma Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. • Caesalpinia wynaadensis B.Heyne ex Wall. • Mezoneuron grande B.Heyne ex Wall. • Mezoneuron macrophyllum Benth. ex Miq. … POWO

Bibliography / etymology

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
hooded-flowered brasiletto
Sahyadri thorn
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
বাঘাচোৰা baghasora, বাঘ-আঁচোৰা bagh-anchora
  • for synonym Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb. … Flora Of Assam Volume 2 by Kanjilal UN, Kanjilal PC & A Das (1938)
  • Many thanks to Ananta Borah for help with these names … for synonym Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb. … efloraofindia
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
বগাছেঁড়া কাঁটা bagachera kanta, বাঘাসোরা baghasora, বাকশিকাঁড়া bakshikandra, বিষখোপরা biskhopra, নাটাকুলা natakula, নিয়াঙ্খুপঝু nyankhupajhu
~~~~~ GARO ~~~~~
jakshil, mengojakskel
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಮಟ್ಟ ಸೀಗೆ matta seege
ಮುಳ್ಳೋಡು ಬಳ್ಳಿ mullodu balli
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
वाकेरी vakeri
~~~~~ LEPCHA ~~~~~
  • The Useful Plants of India by NISCAIR
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
रागी ragi
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
കാക്കക്കലിംഗിവള്ളി kakakalingivalli
~~~~~ MIZO ~~~~~
  • The Useful Plants of India by NISCAIR
~~~~~ NEPALI ~~~~~
बोक्सि काँड़ा boksi kanra
  • The Useful Plants of India by NISCAIR
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
ନିତେ nite
~~~~~ SANTALI ~~~~~
ᱵᱟᱜᱷᱤᱱ ᱡᱷᱟᱣᱟ baghin jhawa

~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~

இண்டு indu, மாட்டிச்சீங்கை matticcingai
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
గబ్బుసీకాయ gabbusikaya
  • Many thanks to Lalithamba Avadhanam for help with this name … for synonym Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb. … efloraofindia
~~~~~ x ~~~~~

shouldn’t it be Fabaceae?

Yes dear …, the wrong family name got inadvertently carried from my template. I sent an email on Sat, Oct 1, 2016 at 11:42 AM when I realized my mistake, but it must have got buried in the thread.

Santali name added.


Please help me with the Kannada name matta seege in native script listed at ENVIS – FRLHT.
Please validate ಮಟ್ಟ ಸೀಗೆ
ಮಟ್ಟ (matta) = inferior … one of many meanings at Wiktionary
ಸೀಗೆ (seege) … a name for Acacia concinnaKanaja

The meaning (s) of the word (s) is / are more or less correct:

ಮಟ್ಟ (matta) = inferior 
ಸೀಗೆ (seege)  =  a name for Acacia concinna
However, Seege means  = Soapnut.  Therefore, the  meaning of ‘matta seege’ is  ‘inferior soapnut plant’    

Charmadi Ghat Karnataka
Date: 12 NOV 2016 … Altitude: explored between: 873 – 976 m (2863 – 3201 ft) asl
Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb. … (family: Fabaceae)

BND 36 14/11/14 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Please ID this ornamental climber with yellow flowers. Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in Mar 2012.

May be Caesalpinia sappan.

efi page on Caesalpinia sappan   

This is not Caesalpinia sappan

Appears close to images at Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb.

CAESALPINIA SPECIES : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Attaching three images of a Caesalpinia species. I will be able to upload images of fruits once they come up.

To me appears close.

Thank you … It seems to match. I will upload images of fruits in a day or two for further  confirmation.

Request you help in Identification : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Discovered an old picture, couldn’t identify at that time. Could not go back and get it in flowering or fruiting stage. Any pointers to ID welcome..
Location: Meghalaya, Cherrapunjee area
Altitude-about 1200m
Photograph taken: January 2016
Habit: shrub, about 8-9 feet tall
Leaves: compound, paripinnate, glabrous, thick. Petiole swollen, with a jointed look at the terminal leaflet end.
Stem: woody, thorny

Zanthoxylum oxyphyllum Edgew.??

Not Zanthoxylum in my opinion…perhaps of Fabaceae, Connaraceae or some family with swollen pulvini.

Thank you … The stem with spines match closely. However, the leaf characters are very different. Leaves are glossy and paripinnate; Petiole is thin, glamorous, soft Compound leaves are paired, opposite..
These characters are different from Zanthoxylum
Your comments welcome…

In fact, there are more similarities with Mezoneuron cucculatum

Ok …

Yes. to me also appears close to images at Caesalpinia cucullata


Santali name(s) of Mezoneuron cucullatum (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.:
Please help with the name baghin jhawa of Mezoneuron cucullatum in the Ol Chiki script.
Reference: A Santali-English dictionary by A. Campbell, of the Santal mission
Do please help with any other valid names of this species.

Transcription for baghin jhawa of Mezoneuron cucullatum in the Ol Chiki script shall be ᱵᱟᱜᱷᱤᱱ ᱡᱷᱟᱣᱟ
I will soon provide a list and send here…:-)


290 ID wild climber: 18 high res. images.
Please ID wild climber,
Location: near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, (Kochi) Kerala PIN:686671
Altitude: 1400fsl
Flower date: 06.02.2022, 12.05 pm
Habitat: wild moisture
Plant habit: climbing, erect, branches, hard woody thorny stem 05 inches base circumference, long lasting
Height: 15 meters feet
Leaves: alternate paripinnate leaflets alternate ovate apex, wavy margins, thorny petioles, size:08×5 cm
Flower: racemose, clustered, size:02×0.4 cm, yellow, non fragrant
Fruit: beans compressed green into pink, then brown size:10×3 cm, not edible, fly when matured
Seed: ash coloured single, circular compressed, diameter: 06 mm
Camera: mobile SAMSUNG A21S, CANON EOS1500D

Mezoneuron cucculatum

Mezoneuron cucculatum

Yes, it is Caesalpinia cucullata, thank you very much for ID my plant,

Caesalpinia sp

Yes, it is, thank you very much dear …, for ID my plant,


Mezoneuron cucullatum (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.: 4 very high res. images.

Location: Jalthal, Jhapa, East Nepal
Date: 03 January 2023
Elevation: 110 m.

Habitat: Wild

Syn : Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb.

Yes, appears so as per



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